Prime Minister in Japan Has Different Powers Research Paper
- Length: 7 pages
- Sources: 7
- Subject: Government
- Type: Research Paper
- Paper: #55854029
Excerpt from Research Paper :
prime minister in Japan has different powers from those of other countries. The prime minister in Japan has different roles from prime ministers in other parliamentary systems like Britain, France or Germany. The prime minister is the head of government of Japan. In Japan the prime minister ids not the president and not elected directly by the public. The prime minister is a member of the lower house of the Diet and is elected by the members of the party or even parties that are in control of the majority of the Diet. He is appointed by the emperor of Japan after being designated by the Diet from among the members. The person appointed must thereafter enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives for him or her to remain in office. The prime minister is the head of cabinet and appoints and dismisses the ministers of state. For one to qualify to be a prime minister they must be a member of the house of Diet. This implies a minimum age of 25 and one to be a Japanese nationality y and a civilian. This means that anyone serving in the Japanese self-defense forces and any member of imperial Japanese navy and strongly connected to militarist
A prime minister is designated by both houses of the Diet; before they can start conducting any business for this purpose it is mandatory for everyone to conduct a ballot under the run-off system. Incase two houses choose different people then there is appointment of a joint committee whose function is to agree on a common candidate. In case the two houses fail to agree within ten days the decision of the House of Representatives is taken as that of the Diet. In this case it can be said that the House of Representatives can ensure that they always appoint any prime minister they wish. Formal appointment follows from the office of the Emperor. In case a motion of no confidence is adopted by the House of Representatives or a defeats a vote of confidence the prime minister is forced to resign unless the house of representatives is dissolved within ten days.
Mr.koizumi was seen as a remarkable thing as he survived for three terms. This feat has not been achieved since Yasuhiro Nakasone who was the prime minister between 1982 and 1987.Mr.Koizumi was famous for his laid back style and mane of bushy hair he presided over the Liberal Democratic Party with light effective touch until he stepped down remarkably. The baton was handed on to Shinzo Abe who lasted for just a year he was a thoughtful leader who failed to distinguish or impose him on the politics in Japan but was hampered by ill health in the office. The next one to take the hot seat was Yasuo Fukuda who claimed he would be unable to break the deadlock in the politics in Japan when he resigned just a couple of days short of a whole year in office (Ryall, 2011).The next person to be on the chopping board was Taro Aso who was a right-wing member of the LDP and went down in the political history as the party leader who lost the election more than sixty years of uninterrupted LDP rule in Japan. Hatoyoma was the one who won the momentous general election from the Democratic Party and he turned out as one loosely beholden to the back seat when compared to other politicians who had come previously and he managed only ten months in office he was one political star who fell very fast without considering that when had been elected with an overwhelming mandated and an initial support rate of 74%but this dwindled to 17% in his last week in power he did not make any genuine stab at reforming and rebuilding the country throughout his ten months in when he paved way for Naoto Kan to take over.
He was an honest and earnest man and has been able to bring out the changes that had envisaged due to the fractured nature of the political party that he oversaw normally. Therefore anyone who comes next has the mighty take of rebuilding the DPJ, fending off the opposition, getting the country's economy back on track bringing the worst nuclear accident since Chemobyl under control and rebuilding areas devastated by March 11 natural disaster (Ryall, 2011).
Without considering the political hue of the prime ministers in Japan over the recent years they have one thing in common which is they do not stay in their office for a long time. They have had no fewer than five prime ministers in the past six years. The reason might be the fact that the country has a powerful press who are hostile to prime ministers. For instance Naoto Kan has been criticized for lack of leadership. He has been described as hen-pecking to bureaucrats and the United States. He has also been ridiculed by the media as being timid to Ichiro Ozawa that is said by media to be self-righteous, corrupt, power hungry political operator. These prime ministers have been portrayed in such a manner by the media and this has resulted to negative image of the leaders in the people. This information by the Japan media of the prime ministers might not be accurate or trust worthy but they just seem too hostile to powerful politicians. They believe that they are not promoting democracy by the way they present any politician as arrogant and stupid. However this cannot be blamed entirely on the Japanese media since powerful and hostile to politicians is not a monopoly after all other countries too have powerful Medias. But if the media was free from conformism then there would be no problem. The major problem about the Japanese media is the fact that they say same things the major daily newspapers are similar to each other on the attitude they have to politicians. They view politicians as either stupid, arrogant, corrupt, bureaucrats, elitish or selfish. It is also a peculiar fact that the Japanese media only report on what the government does and they completely ignore what the opposition parties are saying people read many articles about the government but nothing at all about the opposition parties. They always say that the government is stupid no matter what they do. The opinion polls always show that there is low support for the government.
The state of Japanese politics at the moment is that parties are splintering into factions, fluid alliances that often change on a whim and the influence of few people who broke powers and are the ones who pull strings behind the scenes. Therefore it is expected that anyone brave enough to take on the poisoned chalice of being the leader of the country will not make it past their first anniversary in the post. The biggest failure to the Japanese government has been for the parities to turn out a genuine statesman that is blessed with a common touch.
Another reason to consider when looking at why the prime ministers have a short-term in office ids the fact that politicians in japans political centre Nagata-Cho have taken interest in opinion polls and are significantly responding to them that are currently being carried out more often than in the past media has been repeating the message that the cabinet approval rating are going towards danger zone if it drops below 30%. This public opinion polls have most likely encouraged the short tenures of the prime ministers, however the upper house elections have also set the stage for the changing prime ministers. In Japan, half of the upper house members are re-elected once every three years. This schedule differs from that of elections of Lower House members who hold terms of four years. This implies that national elections are usually held at least six times in twelve years even if the lower house is not dissolved. The separate voting days for both houses have an important implication in the political dynamics behind the change of prime ministers. Even if prime ministers earn the trust of citizens in the general elections they ultimately face public examination. For a prime minister to remain in power they have to overcome the challenge of the upper house elections considered to be more difficult then lower house elections. Therefore the party that is in power at that time has to ensure that they overcome this mid-election challenge. In Japan one does not have to be the prime minister for them to influence government policies. Some of the prime ministers were used as puppets (Hino, 2011).
The major political parties in Japan are Liberal Democratic Party that has been dominant for more than forty years. The party's base has been conservative that ranges from pro-imperial rightists to bring big business groups despite its name. The LDP dominated the politics in Japan from 1955-1993 using a mix of pork-barrel politics and status quo policies that have protected…