Prostitution and Human Rights in Research Paper
- Length: 12 pages
- Subject: Women's Issues - Sexuality
- Type: Research Paper
- Paper: #9454471
Excerpt from Research Paper :
A report about pornography and prostitution indicated that females in prostitution hold a mortality rate forty times higher compared to the national average (Dianne 28).People who gets involved in prostitution by consent engage in unhealthy activities. Melinda confirmed that when she was in the business of prostitution, she was raped both anally and orally.
Most clients who consume services of prostitutes are ill minded and have interests in violating human rights through transmission of infectious diseases. Whether or not pornographic materials prompt the fantasies of men who buy the services of prostitutes, some of these clients are ill minded and have interests in violating human rights through transmission of infectious diseases. According to Cameron and Collins, the greatest challenge in the prostitution trade is fear of contraction of HIV / AIDS (275). This is doubtless because some of the clients hold in mind other ill intentions besides using the services of prostitutes. With the issue of sexually transmitted diseases, emotional and physical injuries, and death experienced by prostitutes, it is clear that even legalization of prostitution cannot solve the issue of violation of human rights evident in prostitution. It is not apparent which polices the governing authorities can implement to curtail the concern of sexually transmitted diseases in prostitution even after its legalization. It is evident that even if there are potential, policies that can be employed to manage and reduce new infections; these policies can never function in the field of prostitution given that sex is an activity that involves only two people in closed door and not in the public. Apparently, HIV positive persons with the intention of transmitting the killer disease to unnoticing people are everyday customers of prostitution (Cameron and Collins 275).
Legalization of prostitution offers approval to violence, devaluation and control of women. Through legalizing prostitution, a country imposes laws with which they can manipulate one class of women as prostituted (Bishakha and Dianne 28). In fact, prostitution does involve only personal discrimination, abuse or exploitation by a man, but it also involves a structure that reflects and upholds inequality among males and females. Prostitution is a business for devalued class of women who can take violence and exploitation as part of their job description. When violence is aimed at a portion of world's population, it undermines the whole configuration of human rights. While the society strives to eliminate dangerous situations to allow people to work safely, the risky working condition cannot be eliminated in prostitution given that the practice of prostitution is itself the harm.
Prostitution entails colonization of women and children. According to Scrambler, an author, prostitution is the establishment upon which the sexual mistreatment of children and women is developed (69). Prostitution is an institution that lowers women to a sexual commodity to be sold, bought and abused. It entails a portion of the broad systematic abuse, objectification and commoditization of females as a sex class. It is part of the broad abuse against women carried out by men. Scrambler affirms that sexual colonization of bodies of women is a material reality, and the establishments of this colonization include pornography, law, prostitution and marriages. Part of this colonization relies on presenting prostitution as a private contract (Scrambler 70). Just like any other type of capitalist enterprise, prostitution is considered as a private business where the contract between a prostitute and client entails a private arrangement amid a seller and a buyer.
Prostitution violates human rights through organ trading and lowers the human value and sexual activity's value. The major core values of human privileges include bodily integrity and human dignity. As a result, prostitution entails infringement of human rights given that organ trading is an example of violation of bodily integrity and human dignity. Although women do not completely exchange their sexual organs for money, they use these organs as a source of income (Gruen 103). Selling sexual services is a trade that exposure of human organs. Prostitution is a dangerous practice and the fact that it involves selling of sexual services for financial gains or pleasures, separate it from human rights. Apparently, prostitution holds negative effects on sexual activity and on the value of women. When sex from women is sold and bought, this action lowers the sexuality value besides reducing women to sex objects that can be bought anytime, anywhere by a willing buyer. Men who regularly use the services of prostitutes treat sexual activity as a recreational practice instead of an intimate act. Similarly, these men view women as less worthy of respect.
Prostitution annihilates the moral and social establishment of nation and creates way for immorality. As indicated earlier in the paper, prostitution is not a choice. The concern of consent and choice as an assessment tool on incompatibility of prostitution and human rights does not add value in comprehending prostitution as an establishment (Gruen 103). Prostitution survives as an organization that necessitates provision of women bodies. As a result, women and girls are deceived, kidnapped, persuaded or enticed to fulfill that supply. Most prostitutes are trafficked people, and human trafficking is a practice that violates human privileges. Kotrla, an author, asserts that most of women in the business of prostitution engaged in the practice as children and teenagers (181). For instance, Melinda entered the sex industry while she was a teenager, 14 years, and did not want to leave the business even after she realized it was wrong to engage in prostitution. The indulgence of most teenagers into sexual activities is partly enhanced through human trafficking practices where poor children are trafficked to serve the sex industry, which is legal in some countries. Moreover, the subjection of children to pornography distorts their innocent and young minds leading them to joining prostitution at young age.
Prostitution is not about persons, it is an establishment of male dominance in the society. Prostitution is about a worldwide industry through which the prostituting of women is packaged in novel ways vial sex entertainment, computer pornography, technology and tapping novel markets. Given that prostitution is not about persons, it is not about choice. However, prostitution entails the absence of meaningful alternatives; having optional paths to survival cut off. Nothing illustrates this more openly than the reality that most prostitutes had entered into the sex industry as children while other has a past where they were sexually abused. There are others factors such as lack of education, poverty, human trafficking and homelessness. In Dominican Republic for instance, there is a huge population of minors for who streets have become their home, and who have faced the hostile world from an early age. Most of these street children beg as a way of survival, a third of them turn to robbery and other means of enhancing their survival while a fifth of them engage in prostitution (Johnson 82). The fact that prostitution in this country is legal, these children engage in prostitution to support themselves. Given their desperation, they end up being hurt and their human rights violated. While there is different reasons why people engage in sex such as for pleasure, to have children, deepen intimacy or for duty, prostitutes engage in sex to earn a living.
Prostitution is manipulative and exploitative. While it is legal for adults to engage in sexual activities, those who engage in prostitution violates their human rights given that their do not uphold their bodily integrity, but use their body as a source of income. Well, while all other livelihood alternatives are founded on using of one or more body parts, prostitution is undervaluing, manipulative and exploitative. All human beings have rights to work and engage in any form of work that their desire. Legalizing prostitution offers prostitutes the prospects to earn a living just like other people in other forms of employment. In addition, legalizing prostitution promotes a country's revenue, but it leads to violation of human rights. It should be noted that prostitution is a practice that entails two people and what transpires between them is not subject to the public. As a result, most prostitutes end up being physically and emotionally hurt, an aspect that violates their rights as human beings.
Violations of human rights in prostitution cannot be solved through decriminalizing prostitution. Instead, legalizing prostitution open channels of violence against women. As a result, the governing authority should look into the major reasons why people engage in prostitution and address these issues. This is because illegalizing prostitution as well cannot solve the problem of prostitution and violation of human rights and so is legalizing it. Prostitutes operating in countries where prostitution is legal and prostitutes operating in countries where it is illegal report cases of abuse. While laws that ensures health, provision of improved working conditions and prevention of abuse may be employed following legalization of prostitution, cases of violence, abuse and exploitation…