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Self-Concept is what one believes about themselves. These beliefs stem from the notion of unconditional positive regard and conditional positive regard. Unconditional positive regard takes place when individuals, especially parents, demonstrate unconditional love. Conditioned positive regard is when that love seems to only come when certain conditions are met. Rogers's theory states that psychologically healthy people enjoy life to the fullest and thus they are seen as fully functioning people (Humanistic Perspective, n.d.).
Abraham Maslow felt that individuals have certain needs that must be met in a hierarchical fashion. These needs are grouped from the lowest to the highest. These needs are seen as including basic needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, achievement needs, and ultimately, self-Actualization. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, these needs must be achieved in order. This means that one would be unable to fulfill their safety needs if their physiological needs have not been met first (Humanistic Perspective, n.d.).
I have learned that the humanistic theory is what helps to explain how people develop their own personalities and what makes them tick. Each person is seen as an individual that has their own potentials to meet in life. The way that each of us goes about meeting that potential is based a lot on what particular needs that we each have. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs defines what needs that each of us have, but how we fulfill those needs is up to each of us on our own.
This theory truly helped me to better understand the idea of psychology and how people develop and grow as people. I now have a better understanding of the idea that each of us has an unlimited potential to do whatever we want to with our lives, and it is up to each of us individually whether we reach our potentials or not. Figuring out what a person's individual needs are can help a person to lay a plan to reach their potential by fulfilling their needs as effectively as possible. Identifying any bumps along the way and developing a plan to hurdle those bumps can allow people who get side tracked to possible get back on track and still fulfill their potential.
4. Psychological disorders and their treatment are a fascinating area to study. Imagine you are now the counselor working with your first client who suffers with a severe anxiety disorder. Describe how you will identify the disorder through symptoms. What type of treatment will you use to help this person? Remember you can use a number of different treatment approaches.
Everyone knows what anxiety feels like. A person's heart pounds before a big date or a tough presentation. They get butterflies in their stomach during a final exam. People worry and fret over family problems or feel jittery at the prospect of asking the boss for a promotion. It is when these worries and fears begin preventing one from living their life the way they would like to, that they may be suffering from an anxiety disorder (Anxiety Attacks and Disorders, 2008).
It's normal to worry and feel tense when under pressure or facing a very stressful situation. Anxiety is the body's natural answer to danger. It is an automatic alarm that goes off when a person feels threatened. Although it may not be any fun, anxiety isn't always a bad thing. Anxiety can actually help us stay alert and focused, spur us to action, and motivate us to solve problems. But when anxiety is constant or overwhelming, when it interferes with your relationships and activities then that is when you've crossed the line from normal anxiety into the territory of anxiety disorders (Anxiety Attacks and Disorders, 2008).
Anxiety disorders are often grouped according to a set of related conditions rather than by a single disorder, so they can look very different from person to person. One person may suffer from intense anxiety attacks that strike without warning, while others may get panicky at the thought of simply going to a party. Others may live in a constant state of tension, worrying about anything and everything. No matter what symptoms are present all anxiety disorders share one major indication. That is the persistent or severe fear or worry in situations where most people wouldn't feel threatened at all (Anxiety Attacks and Disorders, 2008).
Anxiety attacks which are also known as panic attacks ?are episodes of intense panic or fear. Anxiety attacks often occur suddenly and without warning. Sometimes there's an understandable trigger but in other cases these attacks come out of nowhere. Anxiety attacks usually peak within ten minutes from when they started. During the short time that they are going on the terror can be so severe that a person feels as if they are going to die. The physical symptoms can be so frightening that many people think that they are having a heart attack. After an anxiety attack is over, one may be worried about having another one, particularly in a public place where help isn't available or you can't easily escape (Anxiety Attacks and Disorders, 2008).
Generally anxiety disorders respond very well to treatment. The specific treatment approach that is used depends on the type of anxiety disorder that is occurring and its severity. Most anxiety disorders are treated with behavioral therapy, medication, or some combination of these (Anxiety Attacks and Disorders, 2008).
Cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure therapy are two very effective methods that are used to treat anxiety disorders. Both are types of behavioral therapy that focus on behavior rather than on underlying psychological conflicts or issues from the past.
Cognitive-behavior therapy focuses on a person's thoughts in addition to their behaviors. When used to treat anxiety disorders, cognitive-behavioral therapy helps one to identify and challenge the negative thinking patterns and irrational beliefs that contribute to their anxiety.
Exposure therapy helps one to confront their fears in a safe, controlled environment. Through repeated exposures to the feared object or situation, a person gains a greater sense of control. As they face their fears without being harmed their anxiety gradually diminishes (Anxiety Attacks and Disorders, 2008).
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