Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
The 'Umayyads' and their opponents both developed their hadiths to prove their respective work but this only started out quarrels between both and the result was same and the text was still lacking standardization. But the 10th century witnessed a new era of development and Ibn Mujahid was able to standardize the work to a great extent. (Herbert, 557)
Later Qur'an was translated into various languages, but Muslims doubt the translations of Qur'an to different languages from Arabic and did not consider it as a true imitation of Qur'an. (the Qur'an, Islam Religion Overview) in the year 1143, the first translation of Qur'an took place by Robert of Ketton into Latin. Hagrasim during 1977 as a result of some extensive research came out with "The Making of the Islamic World" and it has been regarded as the most important literal development. The jist and finding of this work revolve around the thesis that the preaching of Muhammad was based on message of Jewish Messianism and this proved to be a joint attempt by Jews and Arabs, and this was a totally new research and turning stone in the development of Qur'an. (Herbert, 557)
Even today seven canonical readings of the Qur'an and several uncanonical readings are there. This sevener-system was laid down by Ibn Mujahid. They are: "Nafi' of Madina (169/785), transmitted by Warsh (197/812); Ibn Kathir of Makka (120/737); Ibn 'Amir of Damascus (118/736); Abu 'Amr of Basra (148/770); 'Asim of Kufa (127/744), transmitted by Hafs (180/796); Hamza of Kufa (156/772); Al-Kisa'i of Kufa (189/804), transmitted by Duri (246/860)" (the Qur'an, Islam Religion Overview) Even today the development is still on and Qur'an tried to touch upon various complex and scientific topics like "geology, astronomy, archaeology, genetics, embryology, biology, etc." (Quran: A Teacher to Modern Scientists) and thus this shows that the development of Qur'an is carried through past and still it is keeping a parallel track with the coming generation and proving its existence in today's scenario. (MacDonald, 25) Several Muslim scholars of the modern era are of the view that Qur'an has to be renewed and many Muslims feel that the translated Qur'an is not genuine, however according to Qur'an itself "the archetypal or real Qur'an remains with God" and thus this development is a process, which will renovate itself during the coming time. (Barlas, 215)
Thus we see that despite many efforts to achieve a standardization to attach the Qur'an with the present movement by renovating the values and beliefs, still there are a number of alternative ways to match the Islamic faith with the modern world. And that proves to be a turning point in the revolutionary development. But to continue this journey the classical and traditional jurists will have to sacrifice their conservative view and this can be done only by devising a new "fiqh" that should match with the modern world, and shall think about the modern scenario. Muslims will have to become more liberal and will have to reinvent and renew most of aspects of their religion in a way that can synchronize with the modern society and current scenario. It is high time to re-innovate and review the tradition and practice according to the current outlook and modern society. In order to achieve the positive results and acquire development in a true sense someone or the other will have to come forward and wipe out the misrepresentation from the society in a proper way without hurting or enraging the feeling of a common orthodox Muslim. This only can achieve positive results and can apply and synchronize core Islamic values to modern life.
Barlas, Asma. Believing women in Islam.
University of Texas Press. 2002.
MacDonald, Duncan B. Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional
Theory. Charles Scribner's Sons. New York. 1903.
Herbert, Berg. "Ibn Warraq (ed): The Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy
Book." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 62, no. 3, 1999, pp: 557 -- 558.
N.A. Everything about Sharia.
N.A. Islam, Muslim religion in the modern world. 2005.
N.A. Origin and development of the Qur'an. 2009.
N.A. Quran: A Teacher to Modern Scientists.
N.A. The Qur'an, Islam Religion Overview. 2005.
"Qu'ran The Qur'an Which Is" (2009, April 14) Retrieved October 25, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/qu-ran-the-qur-an-which-is-22971
"Qu'ran The Qur'an Which Is" 14 April 2009. Web.25 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/qu-ran-the-qur-an-which-is-22971>
"Qu'ran The Qur'an Which Is", 14 April 2009, Accessed.25 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/qu-ran-the-qur-an-which-is-22971
Islam teaches that Jesus was created by God in the same way that Adam was created by God, without a human father. Islam teaches that, while Jesus was a true prophet, he was not a God in his own right. In fact, Islam teaches that none of the previous prophets, including Adam, Moses, Jesus, or Muhammad, were in any way divine. Islam teaches that prophets are human beings chosen to
Muhammad and how these challenges may have affected the Islamic tradition facing pluralism. First, pluralism in Islam is discussed, as outlined in the Qu'ran, and then Mohammad's trials are discussed, as they relate to the issue of pluralism in Islam. The definition of pluralism used in this paper is "the acceptance of other faiths which approach the same truths as one's own, rather than the alternative definition "the tolerance
Islamic criminal justice system to the criminal justice Systems of the common Law and the Civil law Law is implied to hold a fundamental position in the societal system of the western and near eastern regions. Two customary beliefs are present in these "law-centered" societies. The custom of divine revelation is the first one. This has given rise to the Talmudic and Islamic systems of law, among which the importance
It was their right and duty as loyal followers, a way they could prove their faith and their commitment to God. This mindset is one reason the Muslims under Mohammed's leadership during his conquests were so successful, as described below. Reasons for Success Mohammed and his followers defeated migrants and other raiding parties in part because they decided to attack and defend their holy place during the holy month of Ramadan,
Terrorism has a long and violent history and incidents of terrorism have been recorded from at least 2,000 years ago. Acts of terrorism have included political assassinations, violent political revolutions, hijackings, skyjackings, and bombings intended to attract attention, shock, intimidate and instill fear. Before the 911 terror attacks the threat of terrorism, though always a potential danger, was of an episodic nature, and seemed to be under control. The devastating
Terrorism, during its long violent history, has been used as a means of intimidation and aggression. In its narrow definition only violent acts (or threats of violent acts) committed by nongovernmental groups or individuals are considered to be terrorism, but in the broader context governments have been known to commit terrorism as well Terrorism may include political assassinations, violent political revolutions, hijackings, skyjackings, and bombings. When such acts are perpetrated within
Hence, the message contained in the holy book -- the Qur'an -- which is supposed to be the word of God Himself, is of great importance to the Muslims. The book itself consists of the revelations made to Muhammad over a number of years, following the first revelation made to him while he was meditating in a cave near Mecca. It is divided into 114 chapters (called suras) that have