As a result, many children were schooled at home. The modern home schooling movement is a recalling of these earlier days, modernized with home schooling curricula, Internet access and activities for children, such as sports, which bring them together for social activities. Although teachers' unions insist that parents are not professionally-trained teachers, the results of home schooling are incontrovertible. Home-schooled students perform much better on standardized tests than government-schooled children, have higher college admission rates, and report greater satisfaction than those in public schools (Williams, 2007). A recent Gallup poll found that 75% of Americans favor public schooling. A similar Gallup poll, taken in 1985, found that 75% were against home schooling. In the intervening years, the continued decline of the public school paradigm has changed American minds.
Charter, Magnet and Other Schools modified way to introduce vouchers, or school choice, is to create charter and magnet schools. The founding idea is to create a school to which parents will want to send their children. These specialized schools can offer specific focus, such as music or science, or can be backed by a religious denomination (although not necessarily be a religiously-affiliated school). Public school systems can also create magnet schools. These schools also have a long tradition: Boston Latin, Brooklyn Science and many other magnet schools boast high standards and long waiting lists.
One benefit of both charter and magnet schools is that they focus on excellence, rather than coercion. By accepting those who truly want to be there, rather than those who are required to be there, the students are in an atmosphere where learning is the primary goal.
Another, perhaps unintended, side benefit of such schools is their smaller size as compared to regular public schools. Since 1940, the average size of a school district has grown from 217 to 2,637, a 12-fold increase. Many studies done during the period have demonstrated a consistent result: smaller is better. In fact, the larger the school district, the more is spent on administration and less on teaching. Student results are better in smaller school systems (Ehrich, 2007).
This paper has covered two important concepts in explaining the failure of one set of paradigms, and the rise of another set. The memes used by national and state teachers' unions, despite frequent repetition, are finding less resonance with parents and students. Public schools are clearly failing in their mission to educate primary and secondary school students, and the old paradigm of forced public education and obligation to send children to a school dictated by the School District is a clear failure.
Parents, industrialists and some teachers are urging an even older paradigm: democracy. Our Founding Fathers imagined an electorate of educated and informed citizens, and found that education was central to achieving democratic ideals. Dewey and others expanded the concept of an educated community being the bulwark of a democratic society.
As the extant compulsory education paradigm proves untenable, parents and others are reaching back to an earlier paradigm, which involves reasserting community involvement. The new memes for these paradigms include choice, informed electorate and results. This new set of memes is in direct opposition to teachers' unions and their political supporters, and therefore meets with significant opposition. If our society is to remain independent and democratic, the new set of memes and paradigms will win out over bureaucracy, requirement and poor results.
Chaddock, G. (2006, June 21). U.S. high school dropout rate: high, but how high? Christian Science Monitor, p. n.p.
Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. In R. Dawkins, the Selfish Gene (p. Chapter 11 "memes"). New York: Oxford University Press.
Dobbs, M. (2005, April 21). NEA, States Challenge 'No Child' Program. Washington Post.
Ehrich, R. (2007). The Impact of School Size. Retrieved December 9, 2007, from Virginia Tech: http://delta.cs.vt.edu/edu/size.html
Kozol, J. (2007). Third World Traveler. Retrieved November 20, 2007, from Third World Traveler: http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Third_World_US/JonathanKozol_page.html
Paulson, a. (2006, March 3). Dropout rates high, but fixes under way. Christian Science Monitor, p. n.p.
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"Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene" (2007, December 09) Retrieved December 5, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/richard-dawkins-the-selfish-gene-33472
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Richard Dawkins' the Selfish Gene Jonathan Kozol's Savage Inequalities: Children America's Schools. Plus, read websites: http://www.ou./cls/online/lstd5013/dawkins.shtml http://salmonriver. Richard Dawkins' "The Selfish Gene" Jonathan Kozol's "Savage Inequalities: Children America's Schools" There has recently been much controversy regarding genes, as technology has made it possible for people to make intriguing discoveries regarding the topic and a series of individuals have come up with interesting theories concerning genes. Individuals like Richard Dawkins have gone even
As this meme passed down through generations, it became more pervasive and it also became more complete. When slavery in the New World began, both blacks and whites were enslaved, black slaves could gain freedom, and slavery was not a condition of birth. However, as that changed, the memes surrounding African-Americans also changed. Not only were blacks seen as not equal to whites, but they were seen as incapable
Nonetheless, an argument from common sense can be made based on our own observational context. For example, neurologically speaking, there is a wealth of evidence to illustrate that genes have an immense impact on the final structure of the brain, and thus on behavior. Schizophrenia is an obvious example of this. Logically, though, there is also abundant support for Dawkins' thesis. Roughly, an argument can be shown to be logically
Education Reform A Paradigm Shift in Education Reform Basic ideas are not confined to one branch of science or one area of academic study; if it is a truly worthwhile idea it can be expanded to include many different area of science. The scientific method was at first thought to only be useful to those scientists who knew that they could find definitive answers such as mathematicians and physicists. The hard sciences
(the Shame of the Nation: Separate and Unequal by Nathan Glazer. The New York Times. September 25, 2005) In the work entitled: "Kozol Discusses "Shame of a Nation" During Hauben Lecture" the author, Brian Whitson states: "The proportion of black students attending public segregated schools is at its highest since the death of civil rights activists Martin Luther King, Jr. is the news related by Kozol to a "...sold out
evolution and creationism. Evolution is usually held responsible for inducing immorality among its followers. This paper discusses the impact of believing in evolution on the behavior of student by describing both the evolutionary theory and its various effects. EVOLUTION AND STUDENT BEHAVIOR It is the belief about an individual's origins that sparks a debate evolution and creation. This is because not only does the belief about origins (and the consequent debate)
It is related in this work: "Humans and their collective microbiota are segmented into many local communities, each comprising an individual human with his or her symbionts. This ecological pattern, characterized by strong interactions within distinct local communities and limited interactions or migration between them, is described as a metacommunity." (Dethlefsen, McFall-Ngai and Relman, 2007) a second level of metacommunity organization is in existence because "individual humans belong to