Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
As Dr. Johnson's testing and surveys have concluded, and provided statistical data in support of his conjectures; aggressive driving will lead to assault depending upon how the driver who triggers the road rager's emotional response responds to that aggressive behavior.
The DOT does acknowledge the need to address aggressive driving, and has strong recommendations concerning the penalties for the offense. The DOT makes recommendations in six areas with statutory strategies (Statutory Strategies, online):
Strengthen existing statutes to include stricter penalties. Repeat offenders should receive enhanced punishment, including increased points, loss of license, higher fines, and jail sentences or probation.
2. Establish comprehensive education programs that address aggressive driving and include them as part of legislative changes. At a minimum, include aggressive driving education in public and private driver education programs. States should also consider anger management education as a supplement to other sanctions when making legislative changes.
3. Develop statutes that match the severity of the offense to its punishment to send a clear message that aggressive driving is a serious offense.
a. Assess significant "points" on an offender's driving record for violations.
b. Include suspension or revocation of driving privileges as part of any proposed statute, for they are effective deterrents.
4. Address aggressive driving that results in death or serious injury as a felony. Add enhanced penalties to existing reckless driving laws and new statutes, defining "serious injury" according to State laws. Felony offenses require that one of the elements of the statute reference the required mental state of the driver (i.e., wanton or willful disregard for consequences) to meet constitutional muster.
5. Provide State and Federal assistance to law enforcement agencies to help defray costs and provide support for retraining in new reckless driving (or aggressive driving) statutes.
a. Provide enhanced training for identifying, recording, arresting, and prosecuting the aggressive driver.
b. Develop a workshop to encourage law enforcement to target moving hazardous violations, particularly those commonly associated with aggressive driving behavior, and to recruit trainers to deliver this workshop.
c. Encourage use of Federal highway safety funds administered by the States for aggressive driving countermeasure training.
d. Encourage statutes that permit in-court and out-of-court use of new technology in traffic-related cases.
e. Use technology to gather evidence of aggressive or reckless driving, showing a clear violation of the appropriate statute. Obtain legislative authority for sharing this information nationwide, and evaluate technological improvements.
6. Adopt the Model Statute developed by the Implementation Team to enact or improve States' reckless driving statutes, including aggressive driving under "Reckless Driving: Aggravated Reckless Driving."6 The model is as follows:
a. A person who operates any motor vehicle with a willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property commits the offense of reckless driving. "Willful or wanton" means the deliberate, conscious indifference to the safety of persons or property. Proof of evil or malicious intent is not an element of reckless driving.
b. Upon the trial of any civil or criminal action or proceeding stemming from acts alleged to have been committed by any person operating a motor vehicle, proof that in the course of a continuous driving episode, such person committed three moving violations, either alone or in combination with one another, shall give rise to an inference that the vehicle was being operated with a willful and wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property. Such inference shall not be conclusive, but shall be considered along with all other evidence in determining whether a violation occurred (see sidebar below).
c. All persons convicted of reckless driving shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, except as provided under subsection (d), which follows.
d. All persons convicted of committing a violation of subsection (a) above shall be guilty of aggravated reckless driving if the violation results in injury or permanent disability or disfigurement of another person. Aggravated reckless driving is a felony.
We can see by the recommendations that the DOT is being aggressive in how it would like to deal with the problem of aggressive driving. This is a proactive approach to reducing the number of deaths that occur each year as a result of aggressive driving.
Unfortunately, there is little statistical data to help us understand how pre-teens and teens to age 18 are responding to aggressive driving training. There is also not enough data on aggressive driving to provide statistical data in support of the idea that teens would comprise a large segment of arrests made for aggressive driving. This information is badly needed, because it would provide valuable insight into the need for training and education of young people about aggressive driving. Without the studies to generate the data, we have no idea of how big a problem this is for our nation's teens.
The DOT makes recommendations for involving the community in taking action against aggressive driving (Community Leadership, online). They recommend the local chapters of business organizations, and alliances between the public and law enforcement, not unlike the DARE program. This would go a long way towards impacting the knowledge of pre-teens and teens as they become licensed drivers. It does not, however, address the lack of studies that are necessary to support these kinds of programs. There is a dire need for government funding for studies as they relate to teens and aggressive driving. Only then can we begin to build programs, like DARE, with the complete and necessary information for presentation in a way that teens would benefit from, and respect.
Larson, J. And Rodriguez, C., 1999, Road Rage to Road Wise, Tom Doherty Associates,
New York, NY.
ROARR, 2009, found online at http://roarrinc.bizopiaweb.com/Default.aspx?tabid=231442, retrieved 10 December 2009.
U.S. Department of Transportation (2009), National Aggressive…[continue]
"Road Rage Are Teens Getting" (2009, December 14) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/road-rage-are-teens-getting-16299
"Road Rage Are Teens Getting" 14 December 2009. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/road-rage-are-teens-getting-16299>
"Road Rage Are Teens Getting", 14 December 2009, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/road-rage-are-teens-getting-16299
Some people think that 16 is too young for people to be driving because teenagers are not responsible (Opposition). However, the frequent requirement of taking a course, as well as passing a driving test and having 40 hours of experience, shows that not just anyone can become a driver. It takes time, interest and commitment. In response to those who call for graduated driving laws, in most cases this
The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with
Offered under the same roof are "consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services" which are stated to be provided "by board-certified practitioners in the fields of pulmonary medicine, otolarngology, family medicine and more." (2006) Smith reports that the laboratories experiencing the most dramatic growth are two which are located the "farthest from the Hillsboro flagship" as they are located in two areas that were "formerly underserved." (2006) Smith additionally reports that the
Digital World and Luxury Brands Why do companies need a digital marketing strategy? What is the importance of digital marketing strategy in a company? The simplistic answer is the loss of opportunities and business. Digital marketing strategy formulation helps in making informed decisions about ones foray into digital marketing arena and ensuring that all the hard work is focused towards the fundamentals of digital marketing, which happen to be the most pertinent
, 2000). Specifically, the fact that video games portray extremely violent actions without a human cost can lessen a person's natural response (including empathy) in addition to promoting reckless conduct in real life. It is not necessarily that teenagers consciously believe they can "do" what they see in the games the way children sometimes come to believe that they can fly. But they may absorb unconscious images that inhibit their ability
Richard Hughes: A High Wind in Jamaica This story, the first novel by Richard Hughes, takes place in the 19th Century, and mixes the diverse subjects of humor, irony, satire, pirates, sexuality and children into a very interesting tale, with many sidebar stories tucked into the main theme. The first part of the story has an eerily familiar ring and meteorological link with the December, 2004 tsunami-related disaster in Asia. In A
The first is a test that is spelled out in Electric v. Public Service Commission which states that 'commercial speech obtains a lesser degree of protection from the First Amendment than that of "pure' or 'core' speech. The second of the tests was established in the 1969 Brandenberg v Ohio case involving a Ku Klux Klan leader who was found guilty of advocation of violence and a crime syndicate