Role of Women in World essay

Download this essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from essay:

The foods they could obtain were imported and prices of the products shot up because of the War. The government had to resort to food rationing and distributed coupons. As the War proceeded, meat, fats and milk became scarce. Soon, there were 10 rationing programs. The shortages made preparing a meal a difficult task. Homemakers had to innovate or improvise on sugar substitutes, such as molasses, maple syrup, honey, corn syrup, sweetened condensed milk and soda pop. Leftovers were used as stuffing for peppers for another day. Victory Gardens were grown to respond to the need of the time in every family. The produce of the Gardens supplied the family needs at home and sent to feed America's European allies.

The times tested the spirit. But those women coped with hardship with courage until it did not seem like hardship. They recalled having babies and got extra ration coupons. Surprisingly, they had more than they needed. They even shared what they had with others who needed them. But all in all, they had to make sacrifices. They had to stretch a piece of meet to feed all the members of the family. They used oleo in place of butter. The government used butter and other fats for warfare. Glycerin was used for explosives. Homemakers would take fat from meat drippings and trimmings to a butcher and exchange these with ration coupons.

Navy League Women

Many of the members of the Navy League were women who contributed their part during World War II by filling defense-rated positions usually taken by men. In Philadelphia, for example, a convalescent center for injured members of the armed forces was set up. The women Navy leaguers took the injured members to the countryside or the seashore. There they made the injured feel as good as possible and as if they were at home. The leaguers also hosted similar outings for families who fought overseas. The service center accepted an injured member to care, regardless of race, creed or color. Five pilot Army and Navy hospitals first established in and around Philadelphia and proved successful.

Navy League women also assisted active-duty personnel in their naval or military assignments. Women councils taught at special defense training schools. They conducted courses on parachute packing, radio communications and cryptanalysis and other topics. They also sewed thousands of uniform and uniform items for members at sea. They usually worked with other women volunteers from the Navy Relief Society, the Seamen's Church Institute and the Society for Seamen's Children. The New York City Women's Council prepared celebrity dinners and dancer from sales of clothing for wives and widows of soldiers. It also found jobs for their women members. The National Women's Council distributed wooden cribs and wooden toy trains to the children of sailors. The squadrons of these sailors were instrumental in disrupting Japanese naval operations in the first part of the War in the Pacific. They also helped sailors and marines stay out of trouble through the use of "pathfinder cards," which they could use to buy free meals and entertainment at particular enlisted clubs. These clubs were run and manned by Navy League volunteers and similar patriotic groups. The Navy League offered decent but attractive entertainment to patrons. Sailors had the chance to meet decent girls in these clubs. This information was voiced over by a loud speaker in the ships. Navy League women also functioned as volunteer nurses and as recruiters for the WAVES.

Women Computers

In the past, the word "computer" was a job, not a machine as it is known today. Both men and women were hired to function as computers then. But there were more women than men computers for practical reasons. There were more women who trained in mathematics and who could be hired for less than men with the same training. But women took the job in and, as a result, contributed valuably to the invention of the first electronic computers. In 1942 as World War II brew, hundreds of women were hired throughout the country as computers. They solved long lists of equations on mechanical desk calculators. The inputs were compiled into tables and passed on to the battlefields by gunnery officers. The tables enabled those in the battlefield to program their artillery and other weapons according to the variable conditions provided, such as temperature and air density. The Moore School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia had dozens of women computers. There they pounded on calculators and produced columns of numbers. Besides computing, they recruited and trained women college graduates with math degrees and, later on, high school graduates as well. Some of them operated a differential analyzer, which calculated the path of a shell or bomb in its flight. Others assembled circuits used in the ENIAC, one of the first electronic digital computers. Nearing the completion of the ENIAC, more women were hired as human computers for training as programmers. The War ended in 1945 but the interest in the machine continued for its potential in calculating complex equations at very fast speeds. The last women taken as programmers devised the very first computer program, which was formally introduced in 1946. All these innovating women were released when the machine was taken into a military base in Washington DC. Most of the women found jobs as programmers elsewhere.


Farney, Teresa H. Allies in the Kitchen. Colorado: The Colorado Springs Gazette, April

IEEE. Women in Computers. Institute of Electricians, Electronics Engineers, Inc., 2008

Krylova, Anna. Sharp-Shooting Women: Best Soviet Snipers. USA Today: Society for the Advancement of Education, December 2006

McCammack, Jason R. Women Make WAVE in World War II. All Hands: U.S. Navy,

McCusker, Kristine M. Women in World War II. Tennessee: Humanities Tennessee, 2008

Stewart. Jennifer Nicol. Wacky Times: an Analysis of WAC in World War II and Its

Effects in Women. Pi Gamma Mu: International Social Science Review

Tucker, Sherrie. The Prairie View Co-eds: Black College Women Musicians. Center for Black Music Research: Black Music Research Journal, Spring 1999

Vergun, David. Keeping the Home Fires Burning. Navy League of the United States: Sea

Power, September 2003

Jennifer Nicol Stewart, Waky Times: an Analysis of WAC in World War II and Its Effects on Women. (Pi Gamma Mu, 2000), 2

Jason R. McCammack. Women Make WAVES in World War II (U.S. Navy: All Hands, March 2007)

Anna Krylova. Sharp-Shooting Women: Best Soviet Snipers (Society for the Advancement of Education, 2006)

Kristine M. McCusker. Women in World War II. (Tennessee: Humanities Tennessee, 2008)

Sherrie Tucker. The Prairie View Co-eds: Black College Women Musicians. (Center for Black Music Research, 1999)

Teresa H. Farney. Allies in…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Role Of Women In World" (2008, November 12) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from

"Role Of Women In World" 12 November 2008. Web.9 December. 2016. <>

"Role Of Women In World", 12 November 2008, Accessed.9 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Role of Women Since World

    Note again that Gandhi, O'Connor and Thatcher all represented pre-Baby Boom women who had worked their way to the top after decades. The period of the 1990's represents a greater participation of women in the workforce, including senior management positions. It also represents a significant increase in women's participation in politics. The questions of work-life balance continue with women; note that Nancy Pelosi managed a full-time career and raised five

  • Role of Women in World War One

    Role effect women World War One. Women during the First World War This paper discuses in regard to women who were required to abandon their traditional role as housekeepers during the First World War. These individuals were virtually forced to employ all of their efforts in order to provide for their families, for soldiers on the front, and for their countries as a whole. Even with this, it is only safe to

  • Role of Women in Great Britain During World War II

    Women in World War II England In the history of the western world, women have often been placed in positions of subservience and submission to men. For many women in England, their ultimate goal in life was to marry well and to become mothers, carrying on the paternal name and the bloodline. Women who were not born advantageously were destined to lives of servitude coupled with this same marginalization. Whatever the

  • Roles of Women in America 1700 1780

    Women's Roles in Early America (1700-1780) What were the roles of women in the early American period from roughly 1700-1780? Although a great portion of the history of families and people in early America during this period is about men and their roles, there are valid reports of women's activities in the literature, and this paper points out several roles that women played in that era. The Roles of Women in Early

  • Women s Roles the Changing Role of Women

    Women's Roles THE CHANGING ROLE OF WOMEN Course Number & Section Despite sharing a closer percentage of population with men in the world, women are often labeled to be the minority and the marginalized group. This is mainly because of their traditional role of being inferior and submissive especially in the usual patriarchy environment. Although the role of women has changed and improved over the years, they are still considered to be a

  • Role of Women in Law Enforcement Agencies

    Role of Women in Law Enforcement Agencies Seminar type mini paper Gender discrimination has long been a topic of controversial debate. While much has been done about it in the U.S.A. And Britain, where many laws and regulations have been passed in order to encourage the participation of women in all fields irrespective of their being a female, there still are differences. These differences exist most specifically in areas that have traditionally been

  • Role of Women in Tibet

    The film Women of Tibet endeavors to give light on the probable happenings when in case two forces, the divine feminine and the sacred masculine commences to work together in a bid to create a more peaceful world. Helga Huebach ('Ladies of the Tibetan Empire') argues that males in the 7-9th century used high profiled women as a means of establishing their political stability by their matrimonial alliances.Before 1959 and

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved