Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Some of these problems can cause dissatisfaction among coworkers. Because substance abuse is a problem affecting all persons regardless of gender, class, age, or race, employees and supervisors must learn how to recognize some of the signs of possible problems. Changes in employee behavior, moodiness, social problems, and poor performance can all indicate that a substance abuse problem is present. Because of the significant safety hazards that can occur as the result of substance abuse patters, organizations have the right to test employees for drug use. According to the Substance Abuse clauses of the Americans with Disability Act, drug users cannot be classified as individuals with handicaps and therefore cannot invoke protection under the law if they feel discriminated against, unless the person is no longer using drugs or if the drugs are prescribed by a physician. Countermeasures to the substance abuse problem include education and awareness, identification of behavioral, social, or emotional problems, and an offering of support, assistance, and confidentiality.
Workplace stress is also a leading cause of health and safety hazards. Noise and environmental pollutants can be physical triggers of stress. Social issues such as friction between colleagues, or between employees and supervisors can also cause stress. Stress can be a product of the workers' personal or family life unrelated to the job. However, any time a worker reacts to stress, his or her behavior can impact the health and safety of others. Therefore, organizations should take care to minimize stressors and offer employees healthy outlets for their stress. Comfortable break rooms, access to healthy food, and minimizing pressure can go a long way toward reducing stress in the workplace, as can fostering good employee relations.
Training is integral to all jobs. Effective training can improve workplace safety, inspire confidence and create a harmonious, well-functioning organization. The key goal of any training program is some type of general or specific behavioral change. While upper-level management is responsible for implementing training programs, all employees are responsible for awareness and assessment. In some cases, non-training solutions are more appropriate than costly training. When structured training is appropriate, it will usually follow a five-phase process: assessment, design, materials acquisition, delivery of training, and testing or evaluation. There are two basic types of training: performance-based, and new employee training. Performance-based training is usually more specific and focused than training for new employees. Among the most common training methods include on-the-job training (OJT), group training methods, and individual methods. Each method has strengths and weaknesses and each has specific applications. on-the-job training is appropriate when there is enough time to thoroughly cover the training subjects; when all employees can be trained together; and when the individual administering the training is competent. One form of on-the-job training, called job instruction training (JIT) involves a structured four-part process: preparation, presentation, performance, and follow-up. Advantages to OJT and JIT are individualized and personalized one-on-one instruction and the practical, immediate application of skills acquisition. Drawbacks include the lack of uniformity in training, as each trainer will have quirks or idiosyncrasies he or she will pass on to trainees. Such quirks can eventually lead to conflict or even safety hazard. Group methods of training, such as conferences, brainstorming, lectures, and simulations, vary in their approach. While they do not offer the immediacy of OJT, they can provide more consistent and professional training. Individual training is beneficial when the employee prefers to work at his or her own pace. While effective in some situations, the optimal training program will incorporate elements of group and individual methods to maximize learning and behavioral change.
Formal health and safety audits are essential in ensuring compliance with local, state, federal, and international regulations; to establish benchmarks; and to investigate new or unknown health or safety hazards. Audits can help organizations avoid costly lawsuits or catastrophes and to develop up-to-date health and safety guidelines for future operations. The safety and well-being of the organization depends on thorough and regular auditing. The audit process usually involves preplanning, fieldwork, and follow-up and incorporates the following steps: understanding management systems such as background information on the company and knowledge about its facilities; assessing internal controls such as personnel procedures; gathering audit evidence through inquiry, observation, and formal testing; evaluating audit evidence, and reporting audit findings.[continue]
"Safety Management Health And Safety" (2005, May 25) Retrieved October 28, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/safety-management-health-and-afety-66332
"Safety Management Health And Safety" 25 May 2005. Web.28 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/safety-management-health-and-afety-66332>
"Safety Management Health And Safety", 25 May 2005, Accessed.28 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/safety-management-health-and-afety-66332
Health and Safety Legislation in Relation to Employee Protection for Accidents at Work Every individual within a workplace environment has the legal rights to protection against any work related risk, which may arise on the course of duty performance. Generally, the employees' health and safety legislation impose a range of duties to both employers and employees. The employees' health and safety guides apply to the self-employed as well as the diverse
It is essential for company managers, safety practitioners and manufacturing engineers to be informed of and gain sufficient knowledge about current research developments in this field and implement safety strategies as well as systems to minimize occupational health and safety risks. (Bier; Kunreuther; Phimister, 103); (Stellman, 17) Active and procedural risk management strategies are important elements in any manufacturing unit. Active risk management refers to implementing interlocks, alarms and mitigation
Any organization that deals directly with petroleum-based products, including storage facilities, will be affected by the act. The act also provides for Area Contingency Plans in case of emergency. The Pollution Prevention Act aims to reduce pollution "through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use," ("Pollution Prevention Act"). Recycling programs fall under the Pollution Prevention Act; therefore, organizations might be required under this law to participate in
Occupational Health and Safety The objective of this study is to examine the issues surrounding the need for occupational health and safety. Occupational health and safety specialists work conducting analysis of various types of "work environment and work procedures." (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012, p.1) In addition, occupational health and safety specialists "inspect workplaces checking for compliance to safety, health, and environmental regulations. Occupational health and safety specialists further design programs
Health and Safety in Construction Industry The construction industry is by far the most dangerous one as it takes more lives every year and results in many short- and long-term minor or severe injuries. The UK government regulatory bodies have been playing a significant role in ensuring that proper health and safety procedures are followed. Throughout the last four decades, its role has been impeccable in decreasing fatalities in the construction
Safety Systems New development in the organization of work may affect worker health through a variety of ways by raising the risk of stress-related illnesses, like cardiovascular disease, and psychological disorders, by raising exposure to hazardous substances and fighting on the job, or by affecting occupational health services and training programs. There are a lot of things to be learned about the nature of changes in work organization, and how they
Safety and Heath in it Environments Applied Business Research: The need for Safety and Health Standards in Hazardous Working Environments in the Information Technology Businesses including IT firms are flooded with IT tools like microcomputers, photocopiers, digital surveillance tools, internet, among others. There is mounting evidence from a review of literature that in the IT work environment, especially the IT industry, present hazardous working environments to workers. Workers in these environments also