Salt With American Economic History Term Paper
- Length: 8 pages
- Subject: Economics
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #79846621
Excerpt from Term Paper :
Salt With American Economic History
From time immemorial to the current age, the significance of salt to the human community and the animals has been vastly acknowledged. Ever since the time when salt made its entry, several millennia ago, it has vastly influenced the lifestyle of humans. This is not only with regard to the dieting pattern or the age-old food preserving industry. It also takes into account the human, financial, historical and religion adherent or orthodox planes. Finally, but in no way lesser in significance, salt has influenced the habit patterns and occult ways. Salt was significantly considered in exchange between the retailers, to the extent that it gave rise to "salt routes" via which merchants commenced the transportation and traded it to countries where there was no generation of salt. Salt is a priority in the chemical industry where it serves as a chief source for the vast array of chemical constituents.
Salt is created by the combination of Sodium and Chlorine. The chemical formula for salt is NaCl. (Salt and Its Uses) The urgency of salt in the human body is felt through its strong significance in the human body and it supports the very life of humans. In dearth of salt almost all the animal's comprehensive of the humans would perish and the significance of salt to any life pattern should in no way be assessed less. In comparative study the everyday applications of salt are taken as it is given. In times of the past, even before there was any viability of chemical study, time worn knowledge and wisdom, was required to make out the quality of salt for application in every day life. In order to support an expanding populace, more salt was needed. The very fact that salt was within ready reach and had comparatively convenient means of production was a basic state which helped the populace to expand and enhance.
Where salt was not within ready reach populaces languished and many even crumbled. Every cultural pattern has had its part in the story of salt - baffling occults and timeworn stories that have been passed through ages, sometimes respectively and sometimes with grimace. The attribute of purification in salt has made it an essential segment of the practices in some religious occurrences. Salt has had a vast impact in the history that is essentially constituted by politics and economy. (History: Salt through the Ages) Arising from the juncture of Hesiod for approximately 300 years, historians and archaeologists have not paid heed in debating the significance of salt in ancient times, until the Industrial renaissance, and with regard to each and every scientific practice.
Until the passage of time to the 20th century, when technological intricacies were enhanced to economically open up the copious sources, salt was one of the important minerals which gave a hand in molding the history. All the hotspots of cultural patterns in age-old valuables arose in valleys where the three prerequisites of life, food, water and salt were easily within reach. When the population expanded beyond the vicinities where salt resources were situated, people held active participation in exchange, tussle, or making use of the commodity to reach this prerequisite commodity. Its significance in the political and economic spheres can be dated back to as primitive an age as 2000 BC when the Shantung province of China provided the court of Emperor Yu with salt. (History: Salt through the Ages)
All through history the requisiteness of salt has made it prone to governmental monopoly and unique taxes. Salt monopoly where during a particular juncture manipulated by kind democratic rulers, autocratic fascist rulers or even social rulers was the curse- the victory - and penultimate as the deriding corruption of all these rulers. The Chinese, in semblance to many other governments, as a timeworn practice, recognized the requirement of salt, generated a government salt monopoly, and created salt taxes as a major origin of revenue generation, and handled salt tax amounts to boost certain functionalities. Salt taxes existed as the chief reason for the fall of China's Imperial government in the early 20th century and stay significant in China in the current days. Salt taxes were the foundation stones for British rulers and umpteen British men were incarcerated for smuggling salt. (History of Salt)
American renaissance publicist Thomas Paine had a major complaint of English salt taxes. French Kings enhanced a salt monopoly by trading unique rights to generate it to a biased few who made use of that right to the juncture where the dearth of salt, and the gabelle, the salt tax, was a chief donating reason of the French Revolution. The extent of gabelle is astounding. In the phase around 1630 to 1710, the tax grew disproportionately and to a huge extent, as per Pierre Laszlo in his book Salt: Grain of Life. In semblance to this, the Russian Czars' salt was a significant source of money. In current times, Mahatma Gandhi boycotted the British salt laws as a viability of instigating public support for self -reign in India. Even in the current days, salt taxes in India are held as political debates. Gandhi's fight on salt has been the idea for other harmless attempts to mold the policy. (History of Salt)
In the United States, there are some people who fling a small portion of salt over the left shoulder, but go beneath the table and emerge the opposite side. (History: Salt through the Ages) Salt has had a significant part in the European discovery of North America and consequent American history, Canadian history, and Mexican history also. The initial Native Americans explored by Europeans in the Caribbean were making use of sea salt as on St. Maarten. When the chief European fishing crowds came to know of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland at the terminal juncture of the 15th century, the Portuguese and Spanish crowds exploited the "wet" pattern of salting their fish on the board, while the French and English crowds exploited the "dry" or "shore" salting pattern of drying their fish on boards on shore. Hence, the French and British fishermen turned out to be the initial European occupiers of Northern North America ever since the Vikings a 50 years before. (History of Salt)
If it was not for the salting fish, Europeans might have restricted their fishing to the coasts of Europe and postponed exploration of the New World. Salt instigated the American entrepreneurs. The American Renaissance constituted heroes who were salt creators. Segment of the British plan was to turn down the American rebels the accession to salt. The idea of salt was running at the back of William Clark's mind in the renovating Lewis & Clark Expedition to the Pacific Northwest. (History of Salt) The United States has had its part in the tussle over salt. At the juncture of 1777, Lord Howe cleared through in a successful effort to take over General Washington's stock of salt. Umpteen tussles and treaties occurred before Western Salt licks were opened for the settlers. At the time of the war of 1812 which was fought against England, it became an arduous task to get salt from foreign countries.
Due to this, the commercial generation of salt initiated in Syracuse, New York. At the time of Civil War, Syracuse generation unchained the North of all difficulties, but by the turn of 1863, Southerners were not able to get salt for any particular price. If it had been possible for the South to save its salt factories in Virginia and its salt deposits along the Louisiana gulf coast, the War that lasted between the states might have terminated in a different tenor. Transportation of salt has always been a difficulty because of its redundant amount and the cheap price. Syracuse slat was fetched to Chicago via the old Erie Canal and the Great Lakes. Dating back to 1848, the canal was labeled the "the ditch that salt built." Currently, Morton has found a solution for many of the transference difficulties by instilling salt plants all over North America.. (History: Salt through the Ages) Salt has had a chief part in the Civil War and in the current times. During the time of December 1864, Union forces perpetrated a thrust march and fought a 30-hour tussle to gain Saltville, Virginia, the locale of a significant salt processing plant thought necessary to support the South's distraught armies. Civilian difficulty over the dearth of salt in the wartime Confederacy overshadowed rebel home front confidence also.
Salt was necessary in narrowing down and pinpointing the city of Lincoln. Nebraska and West Virginia makes a claim on salt as its prior mineral occupation. The important part played by salt in Kansas history can be reminisced in a new salt museum in Hutchinson, KS. The vast separating spaces in the American West sometimes needed viability over profound salt flats. Situated in Canada, Windsor Salt is turning a century older. In the locales of American West, a "salt war" was fought…