Social Need & Public Services Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

The current state of the British welfare state is in flux, and according to Field (1999), only time will tell whether the reformation schemes and ideals are actually effective. Whether they are or not, they are nonetheless somewhat more realistic than the views held in the past.

When Stephen Berry wrote his article in 2004, little seems to have improved, particularly for the NHS. The author focuses on the health crises that have occurred in the health care field throughout the last decade. Indeed, such problems as bed shortages in hospitals, even for very serious accident victims, and low morale among hospital personnel exacerbate the financial problems experienced by the Service.

Like Field, Berry also addresses the high expectations and ideals held for the Welfare state during its inception in the 1940s. Mainly, the system was projected to provide not only cheap housing for the poor - based upon the Poor Law of the Victorian area, but also adequate healthcare for all citizens, as well as adequate pension schemes for comfortable retirement. As seen above, the increasing demand for these have resulted in increasing strain as well as increasing inadequacy in the provision of services.

Ironically, the healthcare area saw both the most radical innovations and the greatest problems. According to Berry (2004), there were a variety of methods by which policy holders could pay for their medical cover. After the War, the Labor Government instituted a "free on the point of demand" healthcare system. According to this scheme, healthcare was free for anybody who needed it, without asking any questions. It is not difficult to see how such as system could have devolved into the current series of crises, poor standards and increasing pressure for better service. Like the above-mentioned pension system, and increasing number of people are attempting to protect their own and their families' health by taking out private medical cover.

Berry (2004) projects that the next 50 years will see an increasing trend in this regard, despite attempts to reform the welfare state. Rather than relying upon a state that cannot provide its citizens with their basic needs, citizens are choosing the alternative of private provision. Berry holds that this system will eventually replace the welfare state.

The Contribution of Social Citizenship

According to Berry, the aim of the welfare state at its inception was to remove divisions from society. In this, it attempted to act in a socially responsible way by providing all persons who needed it with its services, regardless of barriers such as class, race, gender, or any other division. Instead, Berry's assertion that these divisions are now more prominent than before. Hence, the state failed in its social citizenship. Rather than eradicating the suffering brought about by a lack of resources, it has made this lack increasingly obvious by providing poor goods and services.

Berry cites the differences between the home owner and the public tenant, and between the private pension beneficiary and those receiving state pensions to underline this point. The welfare state is unable to provide its citizens with the same level of benefit as those with private medical, housing, and pension schemes. The same is true in the fields of education and work. Indeed, the first failure was the provision of full employment.

The British welfare state is a complicated issue. While its ideal adhered to the concepts of social citizenship, its current form does not. It has degenerated over decades of political and financial mismanagement. Remedies in the form suggested by Frank Field might be possible with some commitment, but it appears that citizens have long lost their trust in the welfare state and its capacity to adhere to social citizenship principles. Instead, the divisions between rich and poor grow, providing a grim projection for the future of the British welfare state.


Berry, Stephen. 2004. The Rise and Fall of the British Welfare State. Libertarian Alliance.

Erickson, Lynda & Matthews, J. Scott. 2003. The Mass Politics of Social Citizenship. Canadian Political Science Association, June 1.

Field, Frank. 1999. The Welfare State - Never Ending Reform. The Making of Modern Britain, BBC History.

Introduction to Social Policy. Social Policy in the UK.

Mau, Steffen. Attitudinal cleavages and the welfare state.

Wincott, Daniel. 2006. Social policy and social citizenship: Britain's welfare states. Publius, Jan, 1.

Yergin, Daniel & Stanislaw, Joseph. 1998. The Brith of the British Welfare State. From Commanding Heights.[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Social Need & Public Services" (2008, January 09) Retrieved October 26, 2016, from

"Social Need & Public Services" 09 January 2008. Web.26 October. 2016. <>

"Social Need & Public Services", 09 January 2008, Accessed.26 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Social Business and Retailer Using contemporary illustrative examples from academic literature and reputable business publications, discuss the concept of "Social Business" and the resultant opportunity and challenges that are currently being faced by the retail industry globally. Concept of Social Business Concept of Social Business with Retailers Social Media and Retailing Best Practices in Administering Social Media There is a growing body of research that confirms that companies of all sizes and types can realize a wide array

  • Branding New Service Dominant Logic

    Branding in Service Markets Amp Aim And Objectives Themes for AMP Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Branding Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Categories and Themes Branding Theory Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Branding Concept Characteristics Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Sampling of Studies Reviewed Evolution of Branding Theory Evolution of Marketing Service-Brand-Relationship-Value Triangle Brand Identity, Position & Image Just as marketing increasingly influences most aspects of the consumer's lives, brands

  • How Not to Use Social Media

    Social Media The author or this report is to identify three best practices relative to a social media strategy that can and should be implemented by Red Bull GmbH. The overall strategic approach, the implementation of the strategy and the expected results of that strategy will be covered for all three examples provided. The strategies and implementation thereof will come from expert and scholarly sources from the academic and/or business world.

  • Fundamentals of Social Sciences

    Dr. Y'S lab and integrate it in connection with sports. Dr. Y has explored electronic record keeping for health care providers in relation to patient outcomes. My research question would be to define the cause of injuries to players in football during competition and training I would need to limit this question to a specific population, a specific age, individuals who have received a similar level and intensity of training, and, ideally,

  • Female Workforce in Australia The

    As we take a broader view of the Australian employment landscape, a very different picture emerges. The inaugural census of women in business (released in 2002) surveyed the top 152 companies listed on the Australian Stock Exchange and reported that women held 8.4% of executive management positions, 52.6% of companies had no women executive managers, only 17.8% of companies have two or more women executive managers, and women held

  • Manufacturing Industry in Australia

    Manufacturing Industry in Australia The question that is being studied here is of unemployment, and this is clearly not being lost because of imports. The calculations have been made by the Australian Center for Industrial Relations Research and Teaching, and they say facts about the net changes in the rate of employment between 1988 and 1998 in a number of industrial sectors. It can be seen that there is a clear

  • Wireless Broadband Technology

    Wireless Broadband Technology Overview of Wireless technology Presently it is quite evident to come across functioning of a sort of wireless technology in the form of mobile phone, a Palm pilot, a smart phone etc. With the inception of fast connectivity in the sphere of commerce it is customary and useful to operate from central locations communicating with the remote branches, conducting conferences in remote places, discussing with every body at every

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved