Social Organization of Work and Term Paper
- Length: 7 pages
- Sources: 6
- Subject: Sociology
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #21718631
Excerpt from Term Paper :
The realization that inequalities dig deeper into the psyche than egalitarianism indicates the form of society we should invest to create. We cannot jump from the video's empirical evidence to the hierarchical frameworks of moral judgments, as this would accumulate to a naturalistic fallacy. However, human beings face considerable obstacles in the path to achieving great socio-economic and work and equality. This remains to be a mere desire in today's economy (Rossides 99).
For instance, efforts that seek to foster equal working society must contend with the competitive instincts and inherent desire for status inhibited by human beings. These cannot be disputed and thrown away as mere cultural artifacts by economic reforms. This was the belief of the Soviet Union in the new Russian revolution. Contrary to this, these ideologies are deeply intertwined in our nature and they have developed ways of expressing themselves in the society. Indeed, this is the underlying reason behind the communist societies of Europe, which lasted for their time (Navarro 90). It remains a puzzle, how the inefficiencies in the Soviet Union lasted for seventy years that explain the reasons why Russia failed to become a true communist.
While there have been strenuous efforts towards stamping them out, small elements of capitalism continues to persists that ensure the system keeps moving. For instance, bosses in factories are being given bonuses on condition that they meet their set original targets. This demonstrates that this we human beings tend to seek ways to compete, even where competition has been forbidden (Carnegiecouncil (b), 2009). Such restrictions in flexibility have constrained workable social structures suggesting certain mechanisms of tinkering with social systems. We might be far from grasping a communist society, despite wanting one, but it has been possible to develop improved forms of capitalism. Previously, this has been achieved through aligning socially desirable incomes and individual incentives (Cumbler 93).
Social systems have been evolving in the hope of discovering improved forms of organizations, which we could design by ourselves. As much as this might look like a form of political nihilism, but it is an attempt to reverse the current inequalities in the society. However, from a different point-of-view, it is a humble acceptance of the human cognitive limitations revolving around the deep faith in wisdom of the society. This has proven to be extra effective in generating equitable global institutions. For instance, the British common law of accumulated precedents appears to be much better in promoting equality and fairness to justice systems than the Latin American Napoleonic legal systems (Evans 71).
Left to our own devices, we are likely to develop strategies of correcting the extreme inequalities, which do not eliminate all work incentives. This originates from the circulation of sharing norms at the workplace. Norms governing negotiation and sharing at the workplace are cultural advances and not an inherent component of human nature. Different backgrounds dating from 35,000 BC led to the emergence of long-range trading. Since then, it has been a slow journey to the current global economy based on complex mechanisms (Carnegiecouncil (b), 2009). The slow growth of market strategies has been made possible by the evolution of norms making it possible for fair trade. Perhaps, Karl Max was right by suggesting that capitalism would generate destruction. Perhaps, it has simply sowed seeds for mechanisms that soften the worst excess of capitalism (UCtelevision 2008).
Inequalities at the workplace continue to persist based on socio-economic strata. In addition, up to the period of 2001, we have witnessed an increase in economic and social deprivation within geographic inequalities. This was an indication that ethnic inequalities had dropped or even reversed between 2002 and 2008 (Sweet and Meiksins 89).
Carnegiecouncil. (a). Steven Greenhouse: The Big Squeeze. YouTube. 2009. Web. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruxNo3JefiY
Carnegiecouncil. (b). The Big Squeeze -- Tough Times for the American Worker. YouTube. 2009. Web. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KgoPIbvhg8&feature=related
Cumbler, John T. A Social History of Economic Decline: Business, Politics, and Work in Trenton. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2009. Print.
Evans, Karen. Learning, Work and Social Responsibility: Challenges for Lifelong Learning in a Global Age. Dordrecht: Springer, 2009. Print.
Navarro, Vicente. The Political and Social Contexts of Health. Amityville, N.Y: Baywood Pub, 2008. Print.
Rossides, Daniel W. Social Theory: Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance. Dix Hills, N.Y: General Hall, 2008. Print.
Ryscavage, Paul. Income Inequality in America: An Analysis of Trends. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe, 2008. Print.
Sweet, Stephen and Meiksins, Peter. Changing Contours at Work: Jobs and Opportunities in the New Economy. Sage Publications. 2007 print.
UCtelevision. The Coming Collapse of the Middle Class. YouTube. 2008. Web.…