Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
There are three main sociological perspectives based on which health care will be discussed in this paper. These perspectives include functionalism, conflict and symbolic interactions. These are the three perspectives that can give a better insight into the healthcare.
Functionalism is when various units of the society come together and form a single unit in order to perform various functions. Functionalism is defined as the theory of mind in terms of contemporary philosophy. The theory was developed as an important alternative to the identity theory of mind as well as behaviorism. One of the main facts highlighted by the theory is that all functional roles are the founders of the mental states of an individual as belief, pain as well as desires. These mental states are the causal relations of the other mental states that include sensory inputs and behavioral outputs. Functionalism can thereby be defined as the theoretical leveling between the behavioral output and physical implementation. The theory is based on the fact that all individuals have a purpose in the society. There are certain functions of the family, as well as the churches. It is believed by the functionalists that the functions that are played by families or churches play important roles in serving the people.
The concept given by theory of conflict is that the society functions in such a way that each individual and groups works in such a way those advantages are maximized. These contributions work in such a way that revolutions are seen in the field of politics. The theory explains the conflicts that exist between various different kinds of social classes that include proletarian classes as well as bourgeois classes and various different theories that include socialism as well as capitalism. One of the main facts that need to be mentioned here is that conflict tends to refuse functionalism that believes that single individuals play more important roles in the society, rather the groups of individuals.
There are three main perspectives given by the theory of symbolic interactionism. Firstly, all individuals act towards things in the same way, as the things are perceived. The meanings of these things are derived from the social interactions that the person has with other individuals. Thirdly, and most importantly, the meaning of these things is derived from the interpretations of the individuals from the ways in which the individual deals with these things. One of the main facts that need to be mentioned here is that social interaction is more of a constructivist approach in order to make sure that there is an understanding in the individuals in relation to the building of the social life with the help of the interactions that take place with each other. Thereby one of the main concepts that have been given by the kinds of the social interactions that the individuals have. Meanings of the things that surround the individuals are derived from the social interactions that the individuals have in the society. How self-identities are constructed and how on the based on these meanings, self-identities are created by these individuals. Mainly the theory has defined that the ways in which the individuals react in the situations is more based on the way in which the situations are perceived by the individuals.
Functionalism and healthcare
America's healthcare industry is one of the largest industries. One of the main facts that need to be mentioned here is that importance of health and healthcare is understood by the functionalists. One of the main and most important areas in which functionalism has been implemented especially in the field of healthcare is in the case of patient and doctor relationship. This relationship is one of the most important part of the healthcare as doctors are required to communicate with the patients in order to deliver better healthcare. All the needs and treatments of the patients are looked after by the doctors. These are the relationships that also define the various levels of politics that occur at the level of hospitals and healthcare. The politics in healthcare is more defined by the public interest and the authority in the hospitals as well as healthcare (Buechner, 2008, p. 43).
Applications in healthcare
One of the main theories that hold great importance in the field of healthcare is the Parson's concept of sick role. According to this theory, when functionality of the social system is taken into account, when the general level of health is too low and the level of incidence of illness is too high; it defines the failure of the healthcare system. This is because of the fact that illness is the main reason of the failure of social roles that are played by the societies. Thereby, one of the main facts that can be seen is that health has been defined in terms of the normal functions that can be performed by the individual within the society. Health is also defined by the fact of how role obligations are fulfilled by the individual. Thereby, it cannot be argued here that illness is a pure biological function.
Functionalism affecting the views of an individual in health care
Functionalism defines the sociology in terms of individual beliefs. Healthcare is also based on the beliefs that are incorporated by the doctors and patients on an individual level. These are the beliefs that are known to be imparted in the healthcare systems by the doctors and patients. There are certain beliefs of the doctors as well as the patients on an individual level that are used to define and make policies.
Functionalism affecting the approach to social change within health care
The individual beliefs that are imparted by the doctors as well as the patients are the ones that can be used for policymaking. The newer policies can bring better changes in healthcare (Buechner, 2008, p. 91).
How does functionalism affect the views of society
Functionalism describes the way in which the belief of an individual can bring changes in the society. The beliefs and the power of interpretation of an individual has been given more importance by functionalism. Thereby, there has been an increased acceptance in the society of the concepts given by functionalism, especially in relation to changes that can be brought by these individual beliefs (Lang, and Moleski, 2010, p. 65).
Theory of conflict and healthcare
One of the main facts believed by the conflict theory is great social changes can be forced by richer and more privileged people on the poor and less privileged people in the society. Thereby, there is great negativity in the concepts given by theory of conflict.
Applications in healthcare
Classic pyramid structure is followed by the conflict theory. The more powerful and privileged institutions are the ones that dictate the terms to the masses. These institutions include lawmakers, policymakers and political institutions. In healthcare, all policies that are finally designed or changed are based on the advices and contributions of the higher authorities and privileged ones (Sitton, 1996, p. 89).
Conflict theory affecting the views of an individual in health care
If there is an increased implementation of conflict theory in the field of healthcare, the common man and his needs would not be taken into account. The changes or any new policies that are made in healthcare will only highlight what's needed by the privileged ones and the richest in the society. Thus a rich individual can think of having more power within the society as compared to those with fewer privileges. Healthcare is more based on the needs of the patients that are in a need to be realized by the doctors as well as the policymakers. The needs of less privileged patients are different as compared to the needs of more privileged patients. These are the differences that need to be taken into account. When changes are being made in the field of healthcare, these changes should be based on the needs of both rich and poor patients rather only the richer ones. There is no doubt about the fact that the negativity in the society will increase if the role of all in the society is not taken into account in a proper manner (Harris, and Joseph, 2003, p. 43).
Conflict theory affecting the approach to social change within health care
Social change in the case of theory of conflict can only be brought by the powers and privileges that are held by the powerful and richer people in the community. Thereby any social changes that are enforced are only based on the needs of the richer ones. Thereby, from here it can be understood that social change will be enforced when theory of conflict is followed.
How does functionalism affect the views of society
The theory of conflict has been known to increase negativity within the society. When there is a general idea within the society that all changes in the society will be based on the changes that are needed by the richer ones and by the…[continue]
"Sociological There Are Three Main Sociological Perspectives" (2012, November 28) Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/sociological-there-are-three-main-ociological-76702
"Sociological There Are Three Main Sociological Perspectives" 28 November 2012. Web.27 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/sociological-there-are-three-main-ociological-76702>
"Sociological There Are Three Main Sociological Perspectives", 28 November 2012, Accessed.27 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/sociological-there-are-three-main-ociological-76702
" Some types of government expenditures, for example, stretch the definition of economic activity. We know that an order for new office chairs at city hall is economic activity, but what about transfers to government agencies to run prisons? Or loans made by government to bail out banks or automakers. Those were expenditures. Something like the AIG bailout was an investment. But even investments are not necessary part of the
Sociological perspective means a way of looking at religion that focuses on the human particularly social aspects of religious belief and practice. There are two characteristics that differentiate it from non-scientific approaches to religion, which are its empirical nature of the approach and the objective inclination that it takes. Sociologists always attempt so much to base their interpretations on empirical evidence. They tend to confirm their explanations and images of
In addition, the views presented by sociologists concerning idealistic tradition is based on the significance of the concerned group that is sort to motivate, influence to belief and the subject of interest. In this regard, sociologists will not disassociate from the scientific data but will involve the subject of interest to attempt to understand the environment in its own context, showing how sociologists have subjective explanations and not objective
Sociological Theory Sociology as a field of study entails examining and understanding the behavior of human groups and associated social behavior. In understanding these aspects, the sociologists have, their focus primarily concentrated on the human interactions. These human interactions revolve around how the different social relations influence the behavior and attitudes of the people and how the societies originate, form and change. Human interactions are vast, and so is the field
Sociological Imagination Human life is, by definition, fraught with difficulty and challenge. Often, whatever difficulty an individual experiences feels so dire and unique that it is impossible to imagine that others could experience the same, or indeed, that it could be part of a wider sociological issue. Nevertheless, it is possible, with the "sociological imagination" (Mills, 1959) to create a more contextualized or collective vision of suffering and other social phenomena. Using
Social Media as a Potential Tool in Conflict Resolution: A Facebook Perspective Humans are social animals, and will usually dwell together in communities, based on their beliefs, resources, preferences, needs, risks, and a number of other conditions which may be present and common, affecting the identity of the participants and their degree of cohesiveness. Community In sociology the word community is often used to refer to a group that is organized around common
Many cultural studies state that the Qur'an provides for the mercy killing of women who have been failed to have been adequately protected and have, as a result thereof, been raped. In fact, Muslim countries have a disproportionate amount of honor killings; yet, this should be understood as a cultural phenomenon as the scripture and the practice of the Qur'an do not dictate or specifically set forth the proposition