Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
1995, 359-365). However, Chicago is well placed due its geographical location to weather many of these ills. Being centrally located in the Midwest, it enjoys good lines of communication and trade with the rest of the country, mitigating many of the more extreme problems. Unfortunately, what is happening in Chicago is the result of years of developments in the deindustrialization of the city. Recently, studies have shown that this trend will likely continue and Chicago will increasingly become dependent on goods and services from outside of the city. While this has helped the city previously (goods and services flow in and out of the city easily due its central location), the effects of Chicago not making more of its goods and services is starting to show. In an excellent study, it has been possible to produce a comprehensive economic photograph of the 1996, 14).
If the above trends continue (and they do appear to be doing so) the effect it reveals a hollowing out process. In this situation, instead of a healthy intra-metropolitan dependence, there is instead on sources of supply and demand outside the region. Furthermore, the analysis reveals a complex internal transformation, as dependence on local manufacturing inputs is replaced by dependence on local service activities.
Unfortunately, many of the higher service sector jobs have been outsourced to places like India, leaving a hole in the local economy. In this way, a shrinking tax and income base will not be able to maintain, let alone improve existing infrastructure (ibid).
In general, many of the new immigrants are going to close Chicago suburbs such as Addison, Cicero, Aurora, Waukegan, Skokie, Elgin, Mount Prospect, Naperville, Schaumburg,
Palatine. Mount Prospect, Palatine, Cicero, and Arlington Heights have become the major ports of entry areas of choice for immigrants.
which are closely connected to the city via public transportation where these immigrants can get to their casual jobs using public transportation. Many of them lack automobiles due to their low income. Such communities are predominately Hispanic, but have increasing numbers of Arabs and other minorities (Gupta 2004, 6).
In the 1990s, the city became very livable due to the influx of money from the new immigrants. It was what Sauders called an "arrival city (Saunders 2011, 159)." Unfortunately, the city's crumbling infrastructure is currently not being helped by its crumbling tax and income base. Public housing is not being replaced. Public transportation is being cut back and not expanded. Also, poor sewage and water systems that are decades old are being merely patched when major infrastructural overhaul and construction is necessary to keep the quality of life in the city at a high level. Unfortunately, many of these problems are the worst in immigrant areas because many of them are new, do not speak English well and are therefore not able to demand their fair share of government and private sector services (Hewings et al. 1996, 14).
The lure of the city is largely due to the immigrant character of the city. However, there is a stigma attached to the city because of the image of the city of Chicago as a parasite living off of the largess of the rest of the state, in particular the collar counties. The economic boom of the 1990s erased some of this stigma, but it is back with a vengeance with the most recent economic recession. Unfortunately, immigrants are ready scapegoats to blame for the loss of jobs, especially on the part of those in rural Illinois outside of the city. Many immigrants came to Chicago because of its central location. This centrality made it a hub for the production of goods and services and was a job creation magnet as well.
Chicago has a mixed record of being able to handle immigration, urbanization and the other factors of a metropolitan area. Unfortunately, as we have seen, the edges are frayed. The city has been "hollowed out" by first deindustrialization and now outsourcing in the service sector. It is any body's guess if the city will survive and fare better than Detroit or other rust belt cities that are now ghostly reminders of their former selves. Given the competition of the suburbs for immigrant attention, it will be an interesting question to see if collar will be as vibrant as the city has been at the center form 150 and more years.
Burns, Greg. Chicago Tribune.com, "Recession stanches Chicago's population drain." Last modified
October 26, 2009. Accessed October 4, 2011. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-10-
Gupta, Sapna. Immigrants in the Chicago suburbs a policy paper prepared for Chicago metropolis
2020. Chicago, IL: Chicago Metropolis 2020, 2004.
http://www.www.chicagometropolis2020.org/.../ImmigrantPolicyPaper.pdf (accessed October 4,
Hanania, Ray. The Arabs of Chicagland. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2005.
Hewings, Geoffrey J.D., et. al. First . The Hollowing Out Process in the Chicago Economy, 1975
2011. Chicago, IL: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 1996.
Jones, Peter d, and Melvin G. Holli. Ethnic Chicago: a multicultural portrait. Grand Rapids, MI:
William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1995.
Keating, Ann Durkin. Chicagoland: city and suburbs in the railroad age. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
"Urbanization Chicago Has From Its" (2011, October 04) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/urbanization-chicago-has-from-its-46062
"Urbanization Chicago Has From Its" 04 October 2011. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/urbanization-chicago-has-from-its-46062>
"Urbanization Chicago Has From Its", 04 October 2011, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/urbanization-chicago-has-from-its-46062
Another method of study implemented by the Chicago school was the life history of the criminal. The results of such a study would then again be related to the physical environment in which the criminal and his or her activities were nurtured. In this way criminologists explain the path towards criminal deviancy within a psycho-social paradigm. In other words, the particular psychology of the criminal is related to physical
This effect is particularly important for structures on the boundary of different topographical features, such as those in Chicago, which sits next to Lake Michigan and thus feels the brunt of wind sweeping in from across the surface of the water while at the same time feeling the effects of the polar jet stream, or Los Angeles, which is positioned between the ocean and a range of tall mountains
American Expansion Post-Reconstruction America gave rise to an incredibly transformative society and culture. Modernism was beginning to sweep the land with the industrial revolution, urbanization and westward expansion. How did the underprivileged fare in this new America? What were the experiences and problems of the Native Americans, women, African-Americans, and various immigrant groups at this time? Be specific. Was there a gap between the rhetoric of hope and democracy peddled by
In my opinion, there is no excuse for them not accomplishing the objectives they have been created to attain. 6. Regarding the economic situation and the context of the current financial and economic crises, things are not as clear as they are about environmental issues. In my opinion, the policies that must be implemented in the following period of time should take into consideration economic stagnation, and not economic evolution. The
For instance, Bruegmann notes that, "Despite a common belief that suburban sprawl is accelerating and that the most affluent people are moving constantly outward to areas of ever-lower density, in fact the suburbs of American cities are, if anything, becoming denser." Indeed, the recent trend to build more and more "McMansions" in the suburbs is reflective of how American suburbs are becoming more densely packed while seeking to maximize actual
A Greek man's male friends served this purpose. Ancient Rome followed the patterns in male-female roles as set by the Greeks for most of their history. Like the Greeks, love was generally not an element of most male/female relationships and prostitution was a major industry. For the Romans, the natural order of things was that men were better suited to labor outside the home while women were considered better equipped
Third, massive investments should be made in research and development of alternative sources of renewable energy. This will positively impact not only the environment, but also the socio-economic conditions of numerous international players. Relative to the financial crisis, this should be addressed from its roots -- the real estate and credit crisis. In this line of thoughts, the mortgages should be bought by the U.S. Government, rather that having the