It would construct a credible, but false, situation to deceive or lead the target to act in a manner, which would accomplish the commander's goal. When the target accepted the deception, the commander determined the means or methods needed to present the events. The manual demonstrated the mechanism of "Conditioning an Adversary" through the case of the Egyptian crossing the Suez in 1973. It consisted that deceptive measures and a broad range of centrally-directed and controlled deception events, involving political and military activities. Whether the objective was to control the public and elite view of a conflict or for purposes of military deception, the U.S. military had keen interest in media's perception of events in the battlefield. If the media was present and undermined the political strategy, it needed to be controlled. But if it were non-neutral, there was greater need to control it. Whether it behaved impartially or not, members of the media deserved to be treated as civilians. If they were not impartial, the most probable option would be to target those media members militarily, but it depended on whether they made accurate judgment about what they were partial about and their motives behind making the judgment.
President Truman awarded the millionaire Alfred Lee Loomis for the latter's nuclear research and development of radar technology at his private laboratory of science at his mansion in Tuxedo Park in New York City. It was the Presidential Medal of Merit, the highest civilian award, for his stunning contribution as "one of the leading scientific generals of the war." The King of Great Britain also awarded Loomis the British Medal for Service in the Cause of Freedom. Loomis was a scientist, among other things, and his invention was part of the way America collated scientific resources to help fight and win World War II. In 1940, the U.S. Army failed to recognize the potential of the radar for defense action. The navy could not conduct its own research for lack of funds. Through close contacts, Loomis was invited to top-level secret meetings with representatives of the British government. By the fall of that year, the British delegation, known as the Tizard Mission, said that they were far ahead of Americans in radar research. The delegation said that the manufacture of the new technology was badly needed to survive the battle against the Nazis. Loomis gathered the nation's most talented and young physicists and they together developed radar devices through the Manhattan Engineering Project. This Project produced over a hundred distinct radar systems and worked on the atomic bomb, which played a crucial role in the American victory in World War II.
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Bush, Georg W. Remarks at the Decication of the National World War II Memorial. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. Government Printing Office, May 29, 2004
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Friedman, Max Paul. Nazis and Good Neighbors. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003
Hughes, Thomas Alexander. Anglo-American Tactical Air Operations in World War II. Air and Space Power Journal: U.S. Air Force, 2004
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Payne, Kenneth. The Media as an Instrument of War. Parameter: U.S. Army War College, Spring 2005
George W. Bush, "Remarks at the Dedication of the National World War II Memorial." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (Government Printing Office, May 29-2004)
William Brauer. "Undercover Tales of World War II." (New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1999)
Paul a.C. Koistinen. "Arsenal of World War II: the Political Economy of American Warfare 1940-1945." (Kansas: Lawrence University Press, 2004)
Max Paul Friedman. "Nazis and Good Neighbors." New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003)
Thomas Alexander Hughes. "Anglo-American Tactical Air Operations in World War II." (Air and Space Power Journal: U.S. Air Force, Winter 2004)
Kenneth Payne. "The Media as an Instrument of War." (Parameters: U.S. Army War College, Spring 2005) ibig
Jennet Conant. "Tuxedo Park: a Wall Street Tycoon and the Secret Palace of Science that Changed the Course of World War II." (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2002)