Values in Justice System Organizations Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

The courts retooled by a generation of conservative judicial appointments and crazed case law now function as social abettors, in which the poor and the dark skinned are shunted off to a concrete hell with industrial efficiency. Left behind are broken families, more addiction, more disease, more illiteracy, and thus a more docile society" (Parenti, 2001).

There are different changes being made in the system to reflect new and evolving values. For example, recommendations have been made that all police interrogations be video taped, so that juries have access to the process of confession and not just a typed end-product. This way police can ensure the values of integrity in the confession process. The increasing use of DNA testing, where possible, is also a way of helping to ensure that only the guilty are punished and justice is upheld.

The main purpose of police department is to provide services to the public or the people of the community. So, the main obligation of the police department is to not only respect, but also protects the rights guaranteed to each citizen by constitution. The set of values are usually a springboard in fulfilling the expectations of the public of the community. The contact and interaction with the community is being given tremendous importance in different states all across United States now.

Correction Facilities

Prisons are small towns unto themselves that carry not just the prisoners of the state they are working in but at times prisoners from other sates are also brought in such prisons. Prisons are considered as central social institutions but values system has not been strong in such facilities. Human rights violations have resulted in these facilities due to this problem.

Private prisons are also in crisis and have been losing money. Service contracts with the private sector have increased over the years in the United States particularly if we consider the case of corrections departments. Various factors such as shortage of funds, cures for the imperfections in the public correctional systems etc. are considered in triggering this change. It is argued that if government cannot provide such services cheaply then private firms can be given this function and responsibility but the issue is not very simple as there are many policy and law issues.

Anti-crime policies are generally not based on values. Humane impulse or careful analysis is most likely to be absent from the system, rules and procedures. In prison corrections policies and management in particular, there is less interest in what is correct or even in what works than in what sounds good. Over the years we have heard various vicious and bloody prison riots happening in the correction centers in U.S..

Some correction facilities are adopting different values to bring changes into their organizational structures. They are giving importance to not just the containment of crime and criminals but also on their rehabilitation. When there are many horror stories related to correctional facilities there are also examples of reforms and change.

An example of Santa Cruz County's juvenile facilities is given in this area. Previously, the same facility was not functioning well but change in management and adoption of some important values the alternative corrections programs have started. Changing how things are done brought a sea change in the organizations approach. "John Rhoads came to head the department in 1997. A former deputy probation chief in Sacramento, Rhoads had been part of the Annie E. Casey Foundation juvenile-justice reform initiative there. 'John brought these tools to help our jurisdiction reduce reliance on detention'. 'The first thing we did was to develop an objective screening process at the front door.' That meant that when police brought a young offender in, probation officers would use a set of objective criteria to determine if he or she was a threat to public safety or would skip out on his or her court date. Those at high risk, such as violent offenders and teens with prior arrest records, were locked up. Those deemed 'medium risk' was sent home with electronic monitoring, receiving daily visits from probation officers" (Townsend, 2005).

Conclusions

Generally, justice system practitioners and the concerned organizations lack a clearly defined framework of values within which the topic of crime prevention can be pursued. The need of the day is a new and improved criminal justice system with values inculcated in it. It is absolutely necessary that ethical standards of conduct are set by all organizations in the justice system. The mission, vision, values and guiding principles should be given due importance as even minor negligence with respect to the responsibilities could cause tremendous harm to not just the repute of the organization but also to peace and harmony in the society. Police, courts, prisons and even non-governmental organizations in the justice system are not perfect but they should strive towards perfection. Many changes are taking place in different organization but the pace is still not good enough attain the level of perfection. Values can help in bringing the changes fast in the system.

References

Parenti, C. (July 2001). The "New" Criminal Justice System: State Repression from 1968 to 2001. Monthly Review. 539(3): 19.

Platt, a. (2001). Social Insecurity: The Transformation of American Criminal Justice, 1965 -- 2000. Social Justice. 28(1): 138.

Wright, K. (1999). Leadership Is the Key to Ethical Practice in Criminal Justice Agencies. Criminal Justice Ethics. 18(2): 2.

Townsend, P. (September 2005). Detention Redemption: In One California County, Progressive Leaders and Law-Enforcement Officials Are Transforming a Troubled Juvenile-Justice System. The American Prospect. 16(9): 20+.

Principles of Good Policing: Avoiding Violence between Police and Citizens' (September 2003). Retrieved on February 13, 2007 at http://www.usdoj.gov/crs/pubs/principlesofgoodpolicingfinal092003.htm

Justice System Organizations. Retrieved on February 13, 2007 at http://www.solgen.gov.ab.ca/organization/justice_system.aspx

Core Values. Retrieved on February 13, 2007 at http://www.npb-cnlc.gc.ca/about/corev_e.htm

Edelman, S. & Rowe, W. (1983). Crime Prevention from the Justice System Perspective: a Conceptual and Planning…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Values In Justice System Organizations" (2007, February 13) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/values-in-justice-system-organizations-40055

"Values In Justice System Organizations" 13 February 2007. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/values-in-justice-system-organizations-40055>

"Values In Justice System Organizations", 13 February 2007, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/values-in-justice-system-organizations-40055

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Criminal Justice System Normally Refers to the

    Criminal justice system normally refers to the compilation of the prevailing federal; state accompanied by the local public agencies those pacts with the crime problem. These corresponding agencies procedure suspects, defendants accompanied by the convicted offenders and are normally mutually dependent insofar as the prevailing decisions of the single agency influence other supplementary agencies (Cole & Smith, 2009). The fundamental framework of the underlying system is normally granted through the

  • Australian Criminal Justice System

    Criminal Justice System Australian Criminal Justice System "When all is said and done, the current criminal justice system is about as fair and effective as we can reasonably expect" Overview of the Criminal Justice System: Fair and Effective - Penal Populism The Democracy at Work thesis proposes that politicians have been properly responsive to public concern about crime by putting into place the more robust responses to offending which people want. An alternative perspective

  • Juvenile Justice System

    Criminal Justice Juvenile justice Gang Control Methods Descriptions Law Enforcement Efforts The traditional police personnel from the youth unit control the gang. Police officers from youth or detective unit are charged with controlling activities of the gang. Setting up of gang unit within the police to exclusively control gang activity. The Chicago Police Department set up gang crime section to process information on gangs and gang leaders. The Los Angeles Police Department engages in crime breaking activities that involve

  • U S Criminal Justice System as in the

    U.S. Criminal Justice system as in the last few decades and link the trends to the future. We will access the following, including: Recent and future trends and contemporary issues affecting the criminal justice system. Value of the criminal justice system in a changing society. Traditionally, American citizens have traditionally thought of the United States criminal justice system as being in the business of dispensing justice for crimes that are actually committed.

  • Juvenile Justice System in the

    Some of the guidelines have, as Mears indicates, "…veered strongly toward retribution and incapacitation." To wit, politicians run for office on promises to get tough on crime, and hence they pass laws like "three strikes" and "zero tolerance" that do not allow for sentencing that is based on the offender's age, his background, and his previous record (Riestenberg, 2006). The solution that should be sought would be having the

  • Ethics in Justice System How We

    Research also showed that offenders tend to be part of or return to communities with high concentrations of offenders. The concentration of offenders in these neighborhoods affects the community negatively by increasing the stigma associated with the community and also saddling the community with additional problems without providing added resources needed for restoring or maintaining order. The ultimate consequence is the that the criminal justice system destabilizes informal networks

  • Criminal Justice System the Civilized Society Is

    Criminal Justice System The civilized society is one that is founded on laws and values where each member of society thereto should abide by and adhere to. Any breach or non-conformance to said statutes and principles will be met with corresponding sanctions and more particularly in cases that are criminal in nature. Thus, the criminal justice system is the law enforcement mechanism that involves the investigation, arrest, prosecution, defense, all


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved