Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Woman in the Military
Although their numbers are still disappointingly small, military women now serve with distinction in every service. The women who served in Operation Desert Storm flew planes into enemy territory, fired weapons, commanded combat support units, ferried troops in to the combat zone and carried them fuel and supplies. At the end of the war, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney applauded the women's performance: "They did a bang up job....They were every bit as professional as their male colleagues." He also noted that he "wouldn't be at all surprised to see the role of women in combat expanded in the year ahead." Yet, more than a decade later, women are still prohibited from direct combat. Recently, Jessica Lynch's actions on the battlefield in Iraq are once again fueling the debate over the role of women in the military. Many are in favor of letting women join men assigned to the frontlines.
As of March 31, 2001, women in the military made up approximately fifteen percent of the total active force. The Air Force has the highest percentage of women and the Marine Corps the lowest as shown in the following table.
Service and rank
Number of women
Women as a percentage of total personnel
Total DOD forces2
1. Officers include warrant officers.
2. Defense Department (DOD) forces do not include Coast Guard.
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Manpower Data Center, unpublished data, March 30, 2001.
Presently, ninety-two percent of all military specialties are open to women. Positions closed to women are in areas of direct combat defined as well forward on the battlefield where there is a high probably of physical combat. Thus, women are excluded from the infantry and Special Forces, two areas the offer the greatest opportunity for rapid advancement.
In addition, there have been recent moves to ban women from the new reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition teams.
When it comes to combat assignments, our government had concluded that military must take precedence over all other considerations, including the career prospects of individual service members. The military service is not a corporation. And being a soldier. sailor or airman is more than just a job. Civil society protects individuals rights, but the military, which protects civil society, must be governed by different rules. Thus, Congress and the courts have held that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ensures all individuals are treated equally before the law with respect to civilian employment, does not apply to the military profession.
Evidence against the use of women in ground combat presented to the Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces stated that ground the combatant relies heavily on physical strength and mental toughness for survival. and, according to the laundry list of arguments below, women simply aren't up to the challenge:
Women's aerobic capacity is significantly lower, meaning they cannot carry as much as far as fast as men, and they are more susceptible to fatigue.
Women are shorter, have less muscle mass, and weigh less than men, placing them at a distinct disadvantage when performing tasks requiring a high level of muscular strength and aerobic capacity, like ground combat.
Women are also at a higher risk for exercise-induced injuries than men, with 2.13 times greater risk for lower extremity injuries, and 4.71 times greater risk for stress fractures.
In terms of physical capability, the upper five percent of women are at the level of the male median.
The average 20-to-30-year-old woman has the same aerobic capacity as a 50-year-old man/
Lt. Col. Stephen Smith, a Gulf War mechanized infantry commander, told the Commission:
By introducing women, even women who have the physical capability to lift the rucksacks, walk the distances, raise the hatches, load the TOW missiles, break the track on those vehicles and put it back together again, you are still introducing into that equation other factors that weren't there before: sexual jealousies, intentions, our own social or moral values come into play, and they make more difficult that job of that commander who is forward."
However, the requirement for physical strength and skills has grown less, as technology has modernized combat. Therefore, there is a need not so much for the strongest men, but now…[continue]
"Woman In The Military Although Their Numbers" (2003, May 23) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/woman-in-the-military-although-their-numbers-148209
"Woman In The Military Although Their Numbers" 23 May 2003. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/woman-in-the-military-although-their-numbers-148209>
"Woman In The Military Although Their Numbers", 23 May 2003, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/woman-in-the-military-although-their-numbers-148209
). The Navy also established institutions to particularly cater for women wishing to enter the service. It recruited women into the Navy Women's Reserve, which was known as Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), in 1942. More than 80,000 such women served the military in occupations relating to communications, intelligence, supply, medicine and administration. The Marine Corps Women's Reserve was created in 1943. Women in this establishment held jobs such as
In those days prior to 2003, TRADOC gave recruits nut-and-bolt basics, then sent the new Soldiers to their units where the real training started.... To achieve "Soldier" status, recruits now spend 21 days in the field during basic training. The training focus has changed dramatically from what was primarily a standards, discipline and soldierization process to one of intensive combat skills. (Leipold, 2009) However, such changes have tended to come about
On the other hand, women view danger associated wit achievement at the workplace, as being left alone or isolated by other employees (Wirth, 2001). VI. Turning point in history From my point-of-view, I see that much has happened on the changing role of men and women at home. Both women and men can be found doing the dishes, laundry, cleaning (these were regarded as female work by tradition), and it is
Women's Roles THE CHANGING ROLE OF WOMEN Course Number & Section Despite sharing a closer percentage of population with men in the world, women are often labeled to be the minority and the marginalized group. This is mainly because of their traditional role of being inferior and submissive especially in the usual patriarchy environment. Although the role of women has changed and improved over the years, they are still considered to be a
This brings us to the idea of ideal femininity. What is the ideal woman? What should we expect of the female gender in the new millennium? When comparing the two views above, I would say that Chan's ideal of the woman as one who is worthy of recognition for her efforts in any context is far more valid than that forwarded by Campbell, who creates an emotional victimhood for women.
Women in Combat Throughout the world, the issue of women in the military has created a relatively constant dilemma throughout the past century or so. This has been particularly the case in Australia, where women are barred from entering the military in the infantry or special forces. It has been against the policy of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) to allow women to participate in the military in this way for
In the first instance, the research undertaken on this topic has attempted to be as inclusive as possible. To this end databases such as Ebscohost and Quesia were consulted for up-to-date sources and data. However the research was also limited to the ideas and objectives suggested in chapter one. The following review is indicative of the some of the most important studies within the parameter of the central questions