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World Health Organization.
Many people loose life in our society, and they need help from people who can really get down to their problems and help them lead a normal life, some of the issues affecting people in society include over weight, obesity and lack of good nutrition and physical fitness. I seek your financial support to help me reach out to the people and help prevent obesity.
Obesity is an issue affecting so many people in society and many people go through cases of stigma, in places of work and even in families. For that matter this people's self-esteem is affected, they suffer a lot of socio-economic problems and we really need to help them overcome this problem, by running awareness program that will enable obese people understand their problems and get a way of dealing with it, either by treatment or prevention. We can only achieve this by also educating the society as well (Benjamin Caballero, 2011)
I have taken this opportunity to go in to the society to fight obesity. Am doing a survey on the issues leading to obesity in the society and why obesity is growing more in our society than in the past generations.
Being overweight is directly associated with obesity, studies and researches show that most overweight people are prone to be obese. Though this doesn't mean that every overweight person is obese, some athletes and most body builders are overweight but not obese due to the exercise they do which keep them physical fit and prevent them from being obese.
Obesity leads to the risk of suffering from various chronic diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes 2, stroke, cardiovascular diseases and some types of cancer which is now rampant across the world. Obesity also makes people miss out a lot of fun for example, youth who are obese cannot walk for a long distance and also finds difficulties climbing stairs and going down the stairs (Anup Shah, 2010).
These also hinders you movement e.g. climbing stairs, and some people get a problem of getting themselves out of bed, and some breathing problems. This could all be avoided by preventing laziness and excessive fats consumption in our diets.
Obesity is determined by the BMI (Body Mass Index) which is determined by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared (kg/m2). Whereby if your body mass index is below 18.5kg/m2 you are underweight, normal bodyweight is between 18.5 to 25kg/m2, above 25kg/m2 is considered overweight whereas BMI above 30 is considered Obese. Adult BMI of averagely 22-23kg/m2 is common in Africa and Asia, and levels 25-27kg/m2 is common in north America, Europe and some parts of Latin America.
In 1995 it was reported by WHO that over 200 MILLION obese adults worldwide and another 18 million of children under the age of five years classified as overweight. Under as per 2000 the number of obese individuals worldwide had hit over 300 million. As opposed to the conventional norm that most people suffering from obesity are from industrialized countries, over 115 million were reported to be obese in developing countries.
Current obesity levels range from below 5% in China, Japan and certain parts of African nations, to over 75% in urban Samoa. But even relatively low prevalence countries like China, rates are almost 20% in some cities. Childhood obesity is already epidemic in some areas as well as on the rise in most places in the world. Estimated 17.6 million children under the age of five years are overweight worldwide. According to the U.S. Surgeon general the number of overweight children has doubled and the number of overweight adolescents has trebled since 1980.
BMI increases more in elderly middle aged people who are at risk of various complications associated with obesity.
Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. Although the patterns of obesity differ between developing and developed countries, obesity rates are generally on the increase worldwide. According to Speiser, et al. (2005), 250 million people, literally 7% of the world's current population is obese.
In the recent past, obesity has become one of the fastest spreading health conditions, even surpassing that of HIV / AIDS. This is even worse in the Western countries where for example in Canada, 40 to 60% of the population is obese while in the United States over 65% are obese and around 65% of the American population falling under this category (The Toronto Sun, 2011).
Obesity has for a long time been associated with the high class or the royal people, this problem has been common in western countries or so called industrialized countries but now we are experiencing fast growth of obesity in developing countries as well.
Studies contacted in the U.S. show that many ladies are at risk of suffering from obesity than men. Though most men are prone to being overweight as compared to women but women are reported to have higher cases of obesity. It further indicates that cases of obesity are common in older people aged over 50 years and also in young children. It is also witnessed in youths as they grow towards the age of thirty years.
The continued increase in obesity is due to the change in social economic status. People's lifestyles have changed with the introduction of new technology and less physical movement. With the comfort of our TV sets in our living rooms and computers, most children have opted to staying indoors watching movies as well as playing video games instead of going out to play, this is opposed to the past where people used to let their kids play around free and keep fit, whereas cutting fat levels in the body.
Physical in activities for many adults has increased more rapidly, because most people rarely walk even the shortest distances, instead they use their cars and this leads to less fat being burned hence increasing their accumulation in the body especially the stomach areas.
Another reason for the prevalence of obesity in the society today is the bad eating habits. Eating habits of people has changed from the ancient rich non-processed foods to process. This processed food has high levels of cholesterol and sugar levels in them which make our body accumulate a lot of fats which our body cannot assimilate. Most people opt to eating fast foods e.g. pizza, sausages, and much similar high fat concentrated food which are not good to our bodies since they only make one fat but not healthy.
It is stated by the UN health report that more than 1 billion adults are overweight worldwide. At least over 300 million are obese and it is a major cause of global chronic diseases. In developing countries with under-nutrition obesity is a complex condition with associated psychological and socioeconomic problems.
How to help prevent;
This will involve long-term strategy to effectively control the weight of the individuals or groups at risk of developing obesity. This includes; prevention, maintenance of body weight, management of co-morbidities, and weight loss. Which is possible through environmental support for healthy diets and regular physical activities?
This is because when one takes a good diet which means he/she takes a balanced diet and minimizes on taking too much sugar and fats and at the same time doing physical practice such as gymnastics so as to remove the excess calories, he/she cannot be obese..
This can be achieved by; Creating supportive population-based environments through public policies that promote the availability and accessibility of a variety low-fat' high-fiber foods and provide opportunities for physical activities. This can also be done by educating them on how to keep fit and provide them with equipments for exercises and also train them on how to do that.
Also promoting health behaviors to encourage, motivate, and enable individuals to lose weight by; eating more fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and whole grains. Encouraging daily moderate physical activities for at least 30 minutes as well as cutting down the amount of fatty and surgery foods in the diet will go a long way in keeping obesity off. By moving from saturated animal-based fats to unsaturated vegetable oil-based fats.
Mounting clinical response to the existing burden of obesity and associated conditions through clinical programs and staff training to ensure effective support for those affected to loose weight or avoid further weight gain. (Kids Health, 2011)
Obesity is defined by WHO (2011) as the excessive accumulation of fats that can cause harm to the health of an individuals. This is measured using the Body Mass Index. This is the juxtaposition of body weight for body height. Simply put dividing the weight of an individual by the Square of the Height in Meters. For instance, an adult whose BMI is between 25 and 29.9 is said to be overweight, but when it goes beyond that then he is considered obese as observed by the WHO.
With the support of the government, world health organization can be able to help…[continue]
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References Aaron, H.J. 1994. Thinking About Medical Costs. Health Affairs, 13, 5 (winter): 8-13 in Hong, G-S and Kim, S.Y. (2000). Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure Patterns and Financial Burden across the Life Cycle Stages. Journal of Consumer Affairs. 34. 2. Acs, G. And John S. 1995. Trends in Out-of-Pocket Spending on Health Care, 1980-1992. Monthly Labor Review, 35-45 in Hong, G-S and Kim, S.Y. (2000). Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure Patterns and Financial
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