African-Americans And Stroke: Alternative Sources Of Information Article Review

Length: 5 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Disease Type: Article Review Paper: #39540042 Related Topics: African American Studies, African American, African, American Population
Excerpt from Article Review :

Research Databases - Nursing

Stroke Disparities

The incidence and mortality rates for stroke differ markedly along racial lines, with African-Americans having a much higher risk of stroke and death from stroke compared to Whites (Howard, 2013). Approximately 40% of this difference can be explained by the variables included within the Framingham Stroke Risk Score, while another 10% can be explained by socioeconomic status. Other contributing factors probably include differential health care access and quality. Accordingly, the Surgeon General of the United States (2014) recently issued a statement describing government actions being taken to reduce health disparities and published a list of recommendations for providers. Among these recommendations are focusing on at-risk communities, improving care access and quality, improved provider training, and better evaluations of stroke risk among minorities. For these reasons I have chosen to focus on stroke incidence and mortality in African-Americans.

270 words for each database

Database #1: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

URL: http://www.cdc.gov/dhdSP/data_statistics/index.htm

The CDC (2014) maintains a significant amount of information about stroke on its website. The CDC is an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services dedicated to the prevention of morbidity and mortality due to disease, injury, or life style choices. Among this massive collection of information, a substantial proportion of which is peer-reviewed and available through the Library of Medicine, is source material focused on stroke in the American population. This material includes evidence-based fact sheets, direct access to the CDC journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, online tools, white papers, and commissioned reports.

Although most of the fact sheets are focused on the general population, at least one provides information specific to the African-American demographic. The "Take control of your heart: It's all in the ABCS" fact sheet provides general recommendations for minimizing stroke risk, but scattered...

...

Among the online tools is an Interactive Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke, which provides detailed geographic distributions of stroke outcomes by race, gender, and age. The statistical resources include the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (GRFSS) survey data, Morbidity and Mortality Chartbook from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), and the American Heart Association. The Chartbook from the NHLBI, for example, presents the leading causes of death for African-Americans in 2008, stratified by gender. Stroke is the 4th and 3rd leading cause of death for Black males and females, respectively. The CDC website is therefore a rich trove of evidence-based recommendations, study findings, and statistics related to stroke among African-Americans.

Database #2: The Internet Stroke Center

URL: http://www.strokecenter.org/professionals/resources/guidelines-consensus-statements/

The Internet Stroke Center is the product of a number of agencies and institutions, including the National Institutes of Health Specialized Programs of Translational Research in Acute Stroke (SPOTRIAS) Network, National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke, Washington University School of Medicine, and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. The purpose of the site is to provide a centralized resource for researchers and clinicians interested in all things stroke, where current best practice recommendations can be found, along with meeting presentations, published accounts, correspondence between experts, and the Stroke Trials Registry. The main categories of guidelines available on this site are the following: (1) general stroke, (2) acute stroke management, (3) stroke prevention, (4) stroke recovery, (5) organizing stroke care, (6) diagnosis, (7) imaging, and (8) pediatric stroke.

The majority of the information provided in this database is from foreign sources and would therefore contain little to no information about stroke in African-Americans; however, the website represents an exhaustive source of best-practice recommendations for stroke prevention and treatment from experts from all over the globe. This source material therefore represents standards against which the care being provided to African-Americans can be compared. There are also a number of guidelines and recommendations available from American sources. The National Stroke Association, for example, issued guidelines for the prevention of first stroke and mentions that hypertension occurs in African-Americans more frequently, at an earlier age, and in a more severe form. The Internet Stroke Center can therefore serve as a portal and database for all things stroke, in addition to providing best practice recommendations specific to the African-American population.

Database #3: Stroke Belt

URL: http://www.strokebelt.org/

The Stroke Belt website represents a collaborative effort by a number of stakeholders interested in reducing the incidence…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Howard, V.J. (2013). Reasons underlying racial differences in stroke incidence and mortality. Stroke, 44(6 Suppl. 1), S126-8.

Surgeon General of the United States. (2014). National Prevention Strategy. Elimination of health disparities. Retrieved from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/prevention/strategy/health-disparities.pdf.


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