¶ … police discretion in connection with mandatory arrest and domestic violence.
What Constitutes Domestic Violence
The term 'domestic violence' refers to an abusive behavioral pattern in a domestic relationship, utilized by a partner for gaining or maintaining control and power over the other intimate partner. It may be emotional, sexual, physical, psychological, or economic threats or actions that one individual in the relationship uses for influencing the other. Domestic violence covers all behaviors that serve to daunt, scare, force, manipulate, sequester, humiliate, blame, threaten, terrorize, wound, hurt, or injure an intimate partner. Domestic violence incidents may be experienced by any individual irrespective of age, race, age, religion, gender, or sexual orientation. It impacts individuals belonging to all educational categories and socioeconomic backgrounds (Domestic Violence -- OVW -- Department of Justice, n.d). Furthermore, it can occur in same-sex as well as opposite-sex relationships, and may occur with married, dating, or cohabiting couples. Acts of domestic abuse or violence significantly impact the abused individual as well as other family members, witnesses, colleagues, friends, and the general community. Of all groups impacted by the crime of domestic abuse or violence, kids who are raised in households where they get to witness it are the most impacted. Regular exposure...
Thus, this increases their possibility of becoming the succeeding generation of abusers and victims. In the year 2010, the NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey) reported that the estimated domestic violence incidents added up to roughly 509, 230 (Walker and Katz, 2013 page 243). The survey also estimated that around thirteen percent of women in marital relationships have suffered some or other form of it. Police, apparently, usually exercise great measures of discretion in these cases. Alternative police responses include arrest, separation, mediation, social service referral, or absolute inaction.
Implementation of Mandatory Arrest Laws and Policy
In spite of an absence of empirical proof of mandatory policies' effectiveness, 24 states have implemented them (Davis, 2008). Also, each of the 50 states has some type of effective mandatory (pro-arrest or preferred) policy on domestic violence. The clearly observed issues generated by positioning a dangerous cart (i.e., mandatory policies) in front of a protective horse (coordinated community reaction) are continually ignored by the designers of public policy and advocates. An ever-increasing number of research works by feminist scholars record that mandatory policies of the "one-size-fits-all" nature (treating abusers and the abused as one single group), gives rise to a false impression of optimism that the nation's crime justice system can…
Police Discretion The execution of discretion in judgment among police officers has been studied for decades (De Lint, 1998). Before the 1960's, For some three decades now it has been established knowledge that police officers use discretion (De Lint, 1998). Through the 1960's, officers were expected to use "common sense," with little attention paid to analyzing situations where discretion was called for or for applying specific training to improve the kinds of
Police Administration; Structures, Processes, And Behaviors 8th Edition The Evolution of Police Administration Over the centuries, police administration has evolved in several important respects including how police have been organized and what they considered their core strategy for providing value to the communities they serve (Perry, 2001). It is argued that the present police work is not very different from previous police work performed by the London Bobbies in 1829 and the
Policing Policies Analysis This study seeks to strengthen the practice of policing by demonstrating the effectiveness of the problem-oriented policing. The information provided herein is useful to practitioners as it compares problem-oriented policing against community-oriented policing. Practitioners will be able to create much robust policing intervention when addressing real life situations within the field by grasping the theoretical mechanisms (Hess & Orthmann, 2011). In addition, by linking academic theories to policing,
One police officer for example referred to the chaos as a "holocaust," far removed from the real world (Shankman et al., 2010). Alpert and Smith (2001, p. 483) note that a survey of the public showed a general perception that the police is frequently excessively violent in their contact with the public. According to the authors, the targets of reported abuse are generally lower class males, with a common factor
When officers complete training, they are expected to explain the benefits of their learning, describe the purpose of learning, analyze ill-structured problems in order to determine if they are suitable for problem solving and to evaluate the need for "emotional intelligence" while working with their cohorts and members of the community. 6) What issues should be included in basic recruit training? Has this changed in recent years, Why? Police training has
City Police Department Police departments are professional organizations comprised of men and women who are empowered by society to serve as the guardians of society's well being. Organizations of professionals are characterized by extensive and continuing professional training, shared and understanding of and commitment to the values of the profession, and the desire to improve their communities. This paper discusses a city police department that has demonstrated great success over