3. What are some of the themes you notice in the "Love Songs"?
The Egyptian love songs use the terms "brother" and "sister" as generic references to male and female lovers and suggest intimacy as well as the taboo of incest. Brother-sister unions were already written into Egyptian mythology by the time the love songs were penned. Also, the love songs reveal an emerging theme of romantic love, which almost seems out of place in ancient literature.
4. Did the erotic or explicit nature of some of the love songs surprise you? Explain.
The eroticism in the love songs is not wholly surprising, given that many ancient cultures addressed human sexuality frankly and even using graphic depictions. The Egyptians also employed some sexual imagery into their art, as did the ancient Indians and Chinese.
1. In what ways is the Hebrew view of God different from the Sumerian view of the gods as seen in Gilgamesh?
The main reason is that the Hebrew God is strictly One; the Hebrews staunchly affirmed a monotheistic worldview. Sumerian and other early religions including those of ancient Egypt gradually welcomed the concept of one supreme God without neglecting the rest of the...
Another way the Hebrew God is significantly different from the Sumerian is that the Hebrew God is angry and vengeful and wholly impersonal and transcendent. The Sumerian gods are more personable, almost depicted like human beings with human emotions and flaws such as Ishtar's jealousy. They can be approached like people.
2. Describe Eden as it appears in the Old Testament.
Eden is described as a paradisiacal garden flanked by four rivers, two of which are most likely the Tigris and Euphrates. The garden is lush and teeming with life including the serpent who tempts Adam and Eve. Eden is also otherworldly and full of magic: elements like the Trees of Life and Knowledge prove that Eden is not completely of this Earth.
3. Why is there a mark of Cain?
Cain is the firstborn son of Adam and Eve, and therefore a symbol of their sin. He represents their sexual union, too. The mark of Cain is a curse placed on him by God after he kills his younger brother in a jealous rage. The mark represents two main things: first that Cain would no longer be blessed with good crop yields and second that anyone who killed Cain would suffer and die.
4.Why do you suppose Jonah disobeyed God?
God asked Jonah to
The use of physical suffering as a symbol for emotional and spiritual suffering is also well-known in the Western tradition. Centuries later, men and women would disappear into the desert in search of God. They would live apart from all human companionship, and deprive themselves of all physical comfort. Gilgamesh does the same. Gilgamesh is also like the lover who pines away for his beloved and wastes away in
At length, Anu releases the Bull of Heaven and Gilgamesh and Enkidu fight it as they have every other obstacle that has come their way. The hero and his friend represent the power of brute strength in taming wild nature. The Bull is "nature" at its worst, destructive and terrible. As the Bull was brought into being at Ishtar's behest, it is clear, once again, that she stands for the
Similar to many other initiation myths, Gilgamesh has to overcome obstacles such as the scorpion monsters that bar his way. The intense desire that Gilgamesh has to find the answer to eternal life is shown in the poem by the fact that he rejects the advice of Siduri to accept the limitations of the human condition. He also has to travel over the Waters of Death. When he meets Utnapishtim
Greek Mythology When the clay tablets that comprise the Akkadian / Old Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh were first pieced together and translated by scholars in the nineteenth century, some aspects of the ancient text seemed remarkably familiar. There was, for example, the account of a great flood, with only a pair of survivors, Utnapishtim and his wife: "How is it that one man has saved himself? / No breath of life
Women in Aztec Creation Compare and Contrast Women in Aztec creation story and women in the Book of Genesis (The Holy Bible) creation story Compare and Contrast the women in Aztec creation story and women in The Book of Genesis (The Holy Bible) creation story Women have been the part of arts, philosophy, and theology since the history. Women and their creation has been a subject of interest and many myths and stories are
Your answer should be at least five sentences long. The Legend of Arthur Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16 Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty 1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality. 2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable. Lesson 1 Journal