Animal Testing There Are Individuals Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

By using animals in research, and through animal research science learns how certain chemicals "interact with living systems"; this knowledge can be "translated into protection of humans, animals, and the environment from toxic levels of natural -- as well as man-made -- exposures (SOT, 6).

Legal and professional accountability

In Canada there are Research Ethics Boards (REBs) that have the power to authorize or reject funding for experiments with animals; when animal research proposals do not meet with proper ethical requirements, the REBs can put a halt to the experiments (Tremayne-Lloyd, et al., 2007, p. 56-57). The law in Canada -- which should be imitated in other countries that do not now have laws protecting animals -- allows that an overseeing regulatory agencies like the College of Chiropractors of Ontario (CCO) can "reprimand members and/or suspend or revoke licenses to practice" (Tremayne-Lloyd, 57). Cruelty to animals, assault on animals, or "criminal negligence" can lead to legal ramifications for the organizations conducting research using animals. An "assault" is committed when there has been no legal authorization by an REB and "force is intentionally applied" to an animal (Tremayne-Lloyd, 59). Moreover, section 446 of the Criminal Code in Canada makes it a criminal act to willfully cause "…any unnecessary pain, suffering or injury to an animal including that which results from a failure to exercise reasonable care" (Tremayne, Lloyd, 59).

In conclusion, there clearly have been many benefits for humans because animals are used in laboratory tests, but on the other hand there are instances that have been verified where animals are brutally mistreated for purposes that are not at all obvious. Regulating the use of animals, like it is done in Canada, is the best idea, short of finding alternatives to the use of animals in important research.

Works Cited

American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. (2008). Animal Research FAQ.

Retrieved April 21, 2012, from

Archibald, Kathy. (2005). Test People, Not Animals. New Scientist, 187(2518), 1-2.

Kolar, Roman. (2006). Animal Experimentation. Science and Engineering Ethics, 12(1), 111-

PETA. (2011). Animals Used for Experimentation / Leaked Video: Live Goats' Legs Cut Off

With Tree Trimmers. Retrieved April 21, 2012, from

Society of Toxicology. (2009). Animals in Research. Retrieved April 22, 2012, from

Tremayne-Lloyd, Tracey, and Srebrolow, Gary. (2007). Research ethics approval for…

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