The same types of communicative behaviors may be exhibited among primates, particularly bonobo, apes, humans, and chimpanzees. However, there are also some core differences in the specific language expressions and their corresponding cognitive patterns among the descendants of a common ancestral lineage, particularly human, bonobo, and chimpanzee (Gillespie-Lynch, et al., 2014). Some of the most dramatic claims related to the philosophical import of non-human primate language imply either that human beings and their non-human primate relatives are completely alike, or alternatively, not at all alike save for some key animalistic features. Building on the formative research of Lord Zuckerberg, current researchers are showing that the question of whether humans and apes are similar is the wrong question; indeed humans are similar to non-human primates but there are distinct and meaningful differences between human beings and their primate counterparts. Those differences may, however, vanish over the next several million years.
Much of the insistence on difference relies heavily on language acquisition, development, and use. For instance, Beattie & Ellis (2010) note ape language does not represent higher-level cognitive functioning because it is only imitative in nature,...
Apes in fact depend directly on imitation for ongoing language use, unlike humans (Beattie & Ellis, 2010). Yet non-human primates are capable of learning sign languages as imitative but also as semantic systems. Moreover, chimpanzees do seem to be evolving with successive generations capitalizing on the gains made by their forebears in language and cognitive development. Hopkins, Russell & Schaeffer (2014) found that chimpanzee intelligence growth is passed down, especially with regards to specific cognitive traits.
This does suggest that if the evolution of non-human primates were traced over the course of the next million years, a unique picture may emerge in which a human-like or absolutely human species would have emerged. After all, human beings were once lacking in the cognitive functions that are perceived to be missing from apes now, and later developed those traits such as symbolic language. That which distinguishes human beings from non-human primates might also not be overly significant. When communicating with each other, bonobos, chimpanzees, and other higher-order primates use language, but human beings have not completely mastered their linguistic domains. Thus, humans and non-human primates do share a predilection for social communication and even for symbolic communication but the role…
Another theorist with a different view is Chomsky (1988). Chomsky sees the acquisition of language as a process of input-output, what he calls a Cartesian view of language acquisition and language structure. He states: "We have an organism of which we know nothing. We know, or we can discover, what kind of data is available to it, and the first question we must try to answer is: what kind of
Previous to Darwin, it has been considered that animals had nothing in connection with humans, since their brutish behavior had been very different from the sociable and civilized one displayed by people. French philosopher Rene Descartes apparently thought of animals to be nothing but machines that acted in conformity to the same laws to which inanimate matter had functioned. Quite the reverse happened when concerning humans, as, in spite
Chemistry and Biology on Christian Mind The Effects Chemistry and Biology on Christian Mind Science and Christianity share a very conflicting relationship. There are different faces of this relationship and we can determine this relationship by using different models. One of such models suggests that science and Christianity are in conflict with each other. Though both of these areas ask you the same question but the answers which they seek are
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