Application of Theory to Social Concerns or Human Behaviors Article Critique

Excerpt from Article Critique :

Social Concerns

Theory to Social Concerns or Human Behaviors

The Theory of Social Concerns or Human Behaviors provides a broad framework into which more narrowly focused research can be viewed from. This analysis will consider three individual research journal articles and first provide an overview of the work that was conducted. Then this analysis will try to relate the study and its results to the broader theories mentioned. The external factors related to a child's development can have a substantial influence on their development as well as be highly correlated with MEB issues later in life. The paper will conclude with a short discussion of why this research is important to society in regard to public health initiatives.

Parenting a Child with a Disability

Parents who have children with disabilities often have additional challenges that are presented in the situation when compared to the responsibilities of parents when their children do not have disabilities. As a result, having a child with a disability can pose a significant risk to the parents' physical and emotional well-being (Ha, Greenberg, & Seltzer, 2011). However, the effects of having a child with a disability are not equal in all cases and can affect families differently depending on a range of different factors. Some of the factors that are likely to play a role are the financial burdens that come with the treatment and care of the child's condition, there is also problematic behavior exhibited by the child in most cases, and there is also social stigma that is associated with such conditions (Ha, Greenberg, & Seltzer, 2011).

This study considers whether the negative effects of parenting a child with a disability are evenly distributed among racial groups. African-American parents may have additional effects from the disability because of the increased likelihood that they will represent a single family household with less social support than might be found in other demographics. The study examined the extent to which having a child with a disability affects African-American parents' well-being and the role of positive and negative interactions with non-spousal family members in parental adaptation (Ha, Greenberg, & Seltzer, 2011). The study found that the urban-dwelling African-American families that were included in the study had a great likelihood of experiencing worse physical and mental health outcomes.

There are several reasons a child with a disability can bring a family additional challenges than what can be found in more typical family arrangements. These challenges can be amplified by the absence of nonspousal support or an extended family network that can help in these matters. The presence of positive social interactions can somewhat buffer the effects that the disability can have on the family. Positive social reactions can reduce stress and stress-related conditions. The opposite can also be said, negative social interactions can also amplify the challenges found in parenting a child with a disability by increasing stress levels.

Prolonged exposure to chronic stress, such as the stressors found in an adverse family environment, have been correlated with the impairment of health and development of children at different stages of their lives. The adverse stressors can consist of factors such as physical, sexual, and psychological abuse that can also include less severe forms of aggression such as persistent arguing, sibling aggression, and overt hostility among family members (Herrenkohl, Lee, Kosterman, & Hawkings, 2012).

Furthermore, given the additional financial burdens placed on a family with a disability, the family…

Sources Used in Document:

Works Cited

Glanz, K., & Bishop, D. (2010). The Role of Behavioral Science Theory in Development and Implementation of Public Health Interventions. Annual Review of Public Health, 399-418.

Ha, J., Greenberg, J., & Seltzer, M. (2011). Parenting a Child With a Disability: The Role of Social Support for African-American Parents. The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 405-411.

Herrenkohl, T., Lee, J., Kosterman, R., & Hawkings, J. (2012). Family Influences Related to Adult Substance Use and Mental Health Problems: A Developmental Analysis of Child and Adolescent Predictors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 129-135.

Yoshikawa, H., Aber, J., & Beardslee, W. (2012). The Effects of Poverty on the Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Health of Children and Youth. American Psychologist, 272-284.

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