Threat Assessments and Crisis Interventions in the Public Schools
Allen, M. & Burt, K. (2002). School counselors' preparation for and participation in crisis intervention. Professional School Counseling, 6(2), 96-101.
Authors cite the increasing number of crisis situations being experienced in the nation's public schools and describe the trauma, cognitive dissonance and loss of a sense of security that can adversely affect all students and teachers who experience these types of events, even when they are resolved safely. While the list of crisis situation types is virtually infinite in public school settings, some of the more common types of crises that have been experienced in the public schools in the past include natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and earthquakes) as well as anthropogenic sources including school shootings, suicide, student or teacher deaths, sexual and physical abuse, and gang-related activities. Fires in the schools may be either natural or manmade. Prioritizing these types of crisis situations and formulating contingency plans for response is an important part of the process. Although there remains a paucity of guidance concerning who is most responsible for responding to crisis situations in the schools, authors make the point that school counselors are in an especially good position to coordinate crisis interventions...
Authors add, though, that some counselors may be ill-prepared to assume these responsibilities and will require supplemental or remedial training to ensure that they are prepared to coordinate effective crisis interventions.
Cornell, D. G. & Allen, K. (2012, March). A randomized controlled study of the Virginia student threat assessment guidelines in kindergarten through grade 12. School Psychology Review, 41(1), 100-105.
Authors make the point that the source of threats in the K-12 school environment can assume a number of different forms, ranging from bullying to violent acts that can result from disputes with teachers to failed friendships including romantic involvements between students. During the 2007-2008 school year, more than one-third of public elementary schools and two-thirds of middle and high schools reported threats of physical attacks by students wielding some type of weapon. Assessing these threats requires vigilance on the part of all school personnel, including most especially teachers and school psychologists. Timely performed, threat assessments can help identify these types and sources of these issues and provide the opportunity for mental health interventions for the students that are involved. Because many schools use a zero-tolerance approach to threat assessment, timely…
School Children Crisis Intervention School-Based Crisis Intervention Crisis theory intervention can be traced back as far as 400 B.C. (Roberts 2005). However, more modern crisis theory came out of studies that were done on crisis and bereavement. Crisis theory came directly out of psychoanalytic theory as well as ego psychology, which emphasizes that individuals have the ability to both learn and grow. A crisis can be defined as "a period of psychological
Crisis Intervention in Schools End Notes In the United States setting up of secured educational institutions is presently considered to be a matter of great concern. The issue of security has become so crucial that it has been strived to be achieved even at the cost of gaining knowledge. The knowledge is attainable only when the educational institutions are considered as secured. Varied tragedies are anticipated everyday in the educational institutions that
Crisis Management: Hostage Scenario The primary issue determining whether or not a crisis situation is a hostage scenario is whether human lives are at stake (McMains & Mullins, 2010, p.12). Bradley has taken a total of 11 hostages: his wife Susan, her professor whom Bradley believes is her lover, and nine other students. Bradley has not made an explicit threat to their lives, but he has weapons with him, is not
Crisis Management Bomb Threat The most important step in the crisis management is gathering situational information. Decisions and responses should be based on the information at hand, evaluated on a situation-by-situation basis. If the bomb threat occurs in a school, it must be taken seriously. However, "many school bomb threats have been made by students seeking to disrupt the school day and to get out of school," (National School Safety and Security
Crisis Management This is a hostage situation, because Bradley is holding Susan, her professor, and nine other students in a room. Bradley has weapons and is in a distraught emotional state, refusing to let any of the hostages leave. "In most hostage incidents, the explicit threat is to the hostage's life. It is not the loss of property, status, or belonging to a community that is at stake. Life itself is
Crisis Communication: Overcoming Barriers When Crafting an Effective Risk Communication Strategy When a disaster strikes, there is no time for planning, and what is already in place must therefore suffice. One of the most important factors to emerge from the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina was the need for more effective communications between the relief agencies, U.S. military and civil law enforcement. Effective communications between these agencies and the people that needed