attributes of operational variables as used in empirical research. In addition, information is provided about experimental designs, probability, experimental bias, the placebo effect, and pseudoscience.
Identify a variable for scientific study that can be operationally defined. One of the most common variables that is operationally defined in psychology is intelligence. Intelligence is measured through the use of standardized tests, and reported according to the test outcomes on verbal and other scales. Intelligence is a difficult construct to pin down, so associating the construct of intelligence with the instrumentation that will be used to measure the variable known as intelligence provides a measure of control and agreement about just what is meant by intelligence in a particular study..
Create an operational definition for the variable. The operational definition of intelligence is that intelligence is an attribute and capacity of the human mind that is measured by intelligence tests. Using the Stanford Binet to measure intelligence, both mental age and an intelligence quotient are reported. Mental age refers to the chronological age of children at which an average IQ test score is in a particular range. Intelligence measurement is derived by dividing mental age by chronological age and multiplying by four.
Identify what aspects of the variable would be observable and measurable. A non-scientific definition of intelligence would refer to the ability to think abstractly, rationally, act purposefully, and interact with the environment in an effective manner.
• Lecture on non-experimental designs (ex post facto, correlational, survey method: Four criteria, and case study), role of chance, experimental bias, placebo effect, and pseudoscience.
Non-experimental designs (ex post facto, correlational, survey method: Four criteria, and case study). The four types of non-experimental research designs are: Descriptive, relationships (comparative relationships & correlational relationship), causal-comparative, and survey. In ex post facto research, the independent variable is not manipulated and subject…
Fully explain the two statements/quotes below and why they are true. In the answer explain what is meant by "operational effectiveness" (first quote) and fit and sustainability (second quote). Please explain as if you are speaking top managers around the corporate office for them to realize how our company is going to achieve true competitive excellence and not settle for mediocrity.
First quote: "Constant improvement in operational effectiveness is necessary
Manipulating Variables in an Experimental Study
A variable is a factor that can be changed and generally can be measured. A dependent variable is the factor that is being measured in an experiment and it is the variable that the investigators expect will be changed by the independent variables. The independent variables are those factors that are manipulated or introduced in a study in order to explore how they impact
women's entrepreneurs: Evidence from an East African Economy (Ethiopia)
It is an established fact that the Micro and Small Enterprise (MSE) sectors can help large parts of the populace in underdeveloped economies like Ethiopia as the means for livelihood. African women are beleaguered with societal and cultural challenges and overall entrepreneurial attributes, and that is reflected in the lack of their entrepreneurship development. This study hence takes up the issues
Caribbean use ICT
How can SMEs in (Caribbean) use ICT to achieve competitive advantage?
Literature Review and Conceptual Framework
Research Philosophy and Paradigm
Sampling Techniques and Procedures
Data Analysis and Techniques
Research Ethics Codes and Policies of Research Ethics
Limitations to Methodology
Time Plan and Resources
The emergence of information and communications technologies or ICTs has a significant influence on different industries and organizations all across the globe. ICT refers to technologies, which
This implies that there should be a movement towards measurements that have a more balanced scorecard and dashboard which will be healthy though there is a risk of developing an internal evaluation bureaucracy and lose of credibility if not updated and focused on parameters that are critical to the company.
The other aspect that is also crucial to the introduction of information technology is the amount of usage, when information