Breast Cancer Survivors In This Thesis

Length: 5 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Disease Type: Thesis Paper: #58692201 Related Topics: Prostate Cancer, Cancer Treatment, Benefits Of Exercise, Cancer
Excerpt from Thesis :

The subjects for the study were referred by local oncologists and to protect their rights they were provided with informed consent before participating. In other words, what would be studied and why was explained to them and they could then decide whether they wanted to participate or decline. There was no requirement to participate and patients could stop any time that they felt uncomfortable.

It is vital that individuals who are participating in something like this are made to feel comfortable and that they are clear on the fact that they are capable of choosing to discontinue participation. It is very difficult to get honest and complete answers from people who feel as though they have been coerced into something. It is a much better choice when people are participating of their own free will and when they feel as though they are gaining something and helping others in the process.

Method and Analysis

The study used a quantitative research design that addressed statistical information collected on the participants at the beginning of the study and at the completion of it. The dependent variable was the cancer treatment, and the independent variables were the types of treatment that the patients received and the ways that they improved (cardiovascular, pulmonary, and fatigue).

It was hypothesized that exercise would help to alleviate fatigue and increase cardiovascular and pulmonary endurance in all patients to varying degrees, and that exercise is therefore beneficial in many ways to breast cancer survivors. In analyzing the data, the researchers used a one way analysis of variation (ANOVA). Before and after exercise numbers were examined and compared with one another to gauge the rates of improvement for each patient and collectively.

Findings/Conclusions and Implications

The main finding of the study was that exercise was indeed important for breast cancer survivors. All of them showed improvement in their cardiovascular and pulmonary functions and in their overall level of fatigue. Those who had surgery plus both radiation and chemotherapy showed the least improvement, but all groups did better in the end than they did in the beginning. This indicates that the idea of treating fatigue and similar problems with exercise following cancer surgery is something that is very important and should be further addressed. It appears to be a viable alternative...


A larger group of women, or a group of women and men would be helpful in making a determination as to how effective this type of therapy really is. Also important would be studies of this nature that are done into other types of cancers. This is something, however, that is very important to those in the nursing practice because they are the ones who can really help to educate the patients.

In the summer of 2000, researchers in Sweden and Finland published a study saying that genetics had nothing to do with cancer risk. Apparently, they used the wrong type of methodology, and what they found was actually the opposite of what was accurate. Genetics play an extremely strong role in who gets cancer. Breast cancer and prostate cancer are usually ones that seem to have the highest genetic risk. However, Neil Risch, a genetic epidemiologist at Stanford University, found in his studies that testicular cancer was actually one of the top three cancers to have genetic components (Genes, 2001).

This was something that was not previously known, and it brought to light new information about cancer. While breast cancer is the focus here, studies like Risch's (2001) show the need for continuing study into cancer so that more can be learned about it and more lives can be saved. That is often where the nursing profession comes in -- with education. People who come with questions on their health often find that they spend more time talking with nurses than with doctors. With this being the case, nurses have a great chance to discuss the benefits of exercise with breast cancer survivors and show them how important it is to their recovery and to feeling like themselves again. This feeling can go a long way toward recovery.


Berger, a. (2003). Treating fatigue in cancer patients. Oncologist, 8 (Suppl 1), 10-14.…

Sources Used in Documents:


Berger, a. (2003). Treating fatigue in cancer patients. Oncologist, 8 (Suppl 1), 10-14.

Genes Come to the Fore in New Cancer Analysis. (2001). Science.

Cite this Document:

"Breast Cancer Survivors In This" (2009, April 07) Retrieved November 30, 2021, from

"Breast Cancer Survivors In This" 07 April 2009. Web.30 November. 2021. <>

"Breast Cancer Survivors In This", 07 April 2009, Accessed.30 November. 2021,

Related Documents
Breast Cancer in Malaysia Breast Cancer Has
Words: 3180 Length: 11 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 4734530

Breast Cancer in Malaysia Breast cancer has turned out to be one of the most common cancers in women in almost every part of the world. Nonetheless, there is a noticeable geographical difference in the incidence and also the stage of presentation. It has ben documented to be uppermost in North Europe and North America, in-between in Mediterranean nations and South America, and not high at all in Asia and Africa

Breast Cancer Pathophysiology
Words: 2914 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 95988583

Breast Cancer Pathophysiology Breast Cancer Advanced Pathophysiology Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women worldwide. There are three general determinants associated with the cause of the disease: heredity factors, environmental factors, and hormonal factors. The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age, as 78% of cases are diagnosed in women ages 50 and older. Risk factors are distinguished by their respective etiological influences, such as family history, lifestyle, and

Breast Cancer
Words: 1088 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 57281729

Breast Cancer Project Title: Women who chose Lumpectomy Over Prophylactic Mastectomy as Treatment for Early Stage Breast Cancer May have an Increased Risk for Post-Treatment Anxiety Regarding Fear of Recurrence. This proposed research plan will address the post treatment psychology of Stage I breast cancer patients who have received the less invasive breast retention surgery, referred to as lumpectomy. Do women with early stage breast cancer have more intrusive thoughts (stress) regarding recurrence

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Among African American As Well As Caucasian...
Words: 2001 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Black Studies Paper #: 76369182

breast Cancer diagnosis among African-American and Caucasian women? Breast cancer in the United States is the most widely spread cancer in ladies aged 45 through 64. The American Cancer Society in 2014 stated that, around 232,670 ladies were determined to have breast cancer, and nearly 40,000 of them died because of it. It has been affirmed that race plays a part in breast cancer survival and incidence. While White women

Breast Cancer Into the Google
Words: 1080 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 92183690

The site urges people to stay away from being "cut" (having surgery) or "poisoned" (receiving chemotherapy). Instead, it takes readers on a nine-stage process to cleanse body and soul. Some of the steps include "Cleanup and detoxification," "cancer recovery diet," "psychotherapy," "support group," and "meditation/visualization." Although I thought the prognosis this site offered was a bit cocky, as was the advice to avoid all traditional medications, many of the

Breast Cancer Patients and Their Support
Words: 2257 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Health Paper #: 92854402

Phase 1: Introduction The research topic selected is the Support for Breast Cancer Patients. The purpose for the selection of this topic is to assess the impact that support for breast cancer survivors has on them. The research will investigate the type of support that has tangible positive impact on the breast cancer survivor. Surviving breast cancer can be a traumatic encounter for any patient. Having some form of support from