Canadian Policy At The Crossroads: Term Paper

Length: 8 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Government Type: Term Paper Paper: #6021192 Related Topics: Prime Minister, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, Persuasive Letter
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Largely, this sense of solidarity with the U.S. And a Western Bloc translated into practical reality in the Cold War and has lasted into the present period of the War on Terrorism. This has however not been without exception. During the Reagan years, Canadians were not as much onboard with the pro-U.S. line as leaders such as Britain's Margaret Thatcher.

However, doubts such as have been entertained above have had to weighed against the realization that now in the Nuclear Age Canada could be reached and hit from beyond its borders. Cooperation in the past and at present in NORAD as well as the War on Terror has only heightened this perception. From Canadian participation in the Korean War to its present commitment in Afghanistan, an open Canadian rift with the U.S. has been the rare exception (such as not joining the coalition in Iraq) and Canada has toed a line that has been pro-Western and in particular pro-NATO (ibid 62).

As noted before, the office of Governor General is an interesting holdover and hearkening back to the days of imperial British rule. As in the previous Sudan Crisis, they have not always supported the elected parliamentary government. In actuality, Canada is a constitutional monarchy where Queen Elizabeth II is actually the sovereign. Like Canada, the Canadian experience is mirrored in the constitutions of fifteen otherwise independent countries in the Commonwealth of Nations. The Constitution Act (British North America Act) of 1867 vests all executive powers in actuality in this sovereign, although this executive usually defers to the elected prime minister. However, this is not always the case. Outside of these normal executive powers the Queen has reserve powers that can be exercised by her without approval of any branch of the Canadian government. These powers can be executed through the Governor General.

The office of Governor General is required by the Constitution Act of 1867 and the letters patent issued in 1947 by King George VI. The governor general's primary task is to perform the Queen's constitutional duties on her behalf. It is understood that they will act within the principles of parliamentary democracy and promote stable governance. In actuality, the Crown's responsibilities are exercised on a day-to-day basis by elected and appointed individuals, leaving the Governor General largely in charge of ceremonial duties ("The Governor General of Canada-Her Excellency the Right Honorable Michaelle Jean: Roles and Responsibilities").

However, on December 4, 2008, Governor General Michaelle Jean assented to the request of Prime Minister Stephen Harper to suspend Parliament until January 26, 2009. This ended the first session of the 40th parliament, thereby delaying a possible change in government. After the suspension, the Liberal Party underwent a change in leadership and distanced...


The Conservative government's budget, revealed on January 27, 2009, met the demands of the Liberal Party who agreed to support it with an amendment to the budget motion ("GG agrees to suspend Parliament until January").

In essence, the representative of the queen suspended an elected parliament supposedly to promote governmental stability in order to prevent the fall of the government. No national emergency loomed. The only problem was budgetary and normally would have been handled through parliamentary channels. The exact reasons remain for the suspension of the parliament and the actions of the Governor General remain shrouded in mystery. However, the effects upon the Canadian-British relationship in the future will be interesting to see. We need to keep a wary eye upon the Crown and realize where its interests and ours diverge.


Liberal and Conservative Party Representatives

Policy Options:

1. Continue Present Policy

2. Make Canada more independent in its foreign policy associations, especially with regard to the United States and Britain.

3. Reform the Office of Governor General

4. Abolish the Office of Governor General


If we continue the present policies, we will continue to be involved in Afghanistan and subject to the possibility of Crown interference in internal Canadian issues via a relic of Canada's status as a British Dominion.

Financial Issues:

A more internal focus on domestic Canadian issues would allow resources plowed currently into foreign affairs and commitments to be resourced instead to pressing economic problems at home.

Works Cited

Allen, Ralph. Ordeal by Fire. Toronto: Doubleday, 1961.

Darwin, J.G.. "The Chanak Crisis and the British Cabinet." History 65, no. 213

(1981): 32-48.

"GG agrees to suspend Parliament until January." Dec. 4,

2008. (accessed May 25, 2010).


Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Allen, Ralph. Ordeal by Fire. Toronto: Doubleday, 1961.

Darwin, J.G.. "The Chanak Crisis and the British Cabinet." History 65, no. 213

(1981): 32-48.

"GG agrees to suspend Parliament until January." Dec. 4,
2008. (accessed May 25, 2010).
Roles and Responsibilities." (accessed May 25, 2010).

Cite this Document:

"Canadian Policy At The Crossroads " (2010, May 25) Retrieved November 29, 2022, from

"Canadian Policy At The Crossroads " 25 May 2010. Web.29 November. 2022. <>

"Canadian Policy At The Crossroads ", 25 May 2010, Accessed.29 November. 2022,

Related Documents
Afghanistan Is a Natural Crossroad
Words: 2870 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Terrorism Paper #: 90512475

The Karzai government adopted a five-point plan for accountability. It refused amnesty for gross violators of human rights abuses. An action plan was created by Afghan officials and the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, with the support of the United Nations and the international community. The plan consisted of a five-part strategy for peace, justice and reconciliation in Afghanistan. It contained measures to concretely recognize and remember the sufferings

Canada Globalization and Canadian Free
Words: 2902 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 27964127

The cost to its economy is greater than just lost opportunity as it extends to further damage the credibility of a relationship which the public views as suspect, in accordance with Campbell's estimation. The oversight of international regulation is undertaken by the World Trade Organization, which brings the globe's free trade partners together to broker affairs of economic cooperation or contract. However, this has proved to be an agency with

U.S. Military Assistance Funding to
Words: 6309 Length: 20 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 43316197

On November 8, 2001, the U.S. Senate passed several new conditions before direct 'military-to-military relations can be restored with Indonesia including the punishment of the individuals who murdered three humanitarian aid workers in West Timor, establishing a civilian audit of armed forces expenditures, and granting humanitarian workers access to Aceh, West Timor, West Papua, and the Moluccas." Following are two very recent bills and rulings by the U.S. Congress concerning

How Should Society Deal With Information About the Genetic Code
Words: 2159 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Genetics Paper #: 77653105

cheap genomic sequencing has widespread and unforeseen cultural, political, and societal implications that have only just begun to reverberate through the human population at large. Genomic sequencing not only reveals some of the causes and connections behind certain diseases or disorders, but also puts the lie to certain forms of bigotry which assumed that dramatic phenotypic differences represented a similarly dramatic genetic or biological difference (put another way, genome

City Diplomacy: The Increasing Role
Words: 18927 Length: 69 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 68749502

The goals at which this process is aimed can concentrate on creating benefits primarily for one party or on creating benefits for both parties.' (van der Pluijm and Melissen, 2007, p.1) Multiple-sided city diplomacy is a "diplomatic process in which more than two parties are involved, representing various cities." (van der Pluijm and Melissen, 2007, p.1) van der Pluijm and Melissen state that associations of municipalities "such as United Cities

Compare and Contrast Native Americans and the Blues from Sherman...
Words: 2819 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Native Americans Paper #: 68588919

Blues The title of Sherman Alexie's first novel, Reservation Blues, sums up the two central themes that reverberate throughout the story: reservation life and the particular, peculiar status of blues music in American history and identity. The novel follows the story of a Native American blues rock band based near Spokane, Washington, whose rise and fall is dictated, at least partially, by the cursed guitar of blues legend Robert Johnson. However,