Child Development "The Quality Of The Relationship Essay


Child Development "The quality of the relationship between parents and young children is one of the most powerful factors in a child's growth and development," (Brotherson, 2005, p. 1). Research unequivocally supports the notion that a young's child's social and emotional well-being is enhanced through the development of positive attachments, especially in the first three years of life. It is important to research and understand the issue of attachment in early childhood because of the social factors that prevent the development of healthy attachments, including the fact that many fathers and mothers work full-time during the first three years of their child's life. Leaving children in the care of secondary caretakers has become an essential means of making ends meet for many families, and yet it might have a strong bearing on the child's eventual psychological growth and development including psychological and emotional well-being. Consistently, research has revealed "negative associations between maternal employment during the first year of life and children's cognitive outcomes at age 3 (and later ages)," (Brooks-Gunn, Han & Waldfogel, 2003, p. 1052). Factors related to early childhood development and parental attachment are, furthermore, universal and not dependent on cultural context. The World Health Organization (2009) states, "early childhood is the most important phase for overall development throughout the lifespan" and this is true for biological and brain development as well as emotional and mental development. A child's social and emotional well-being is enhanced through the development of positive attachments in the first three years of life.

As Thompson (2001) points out, "early experiences and relationships matter," (p. 20). All theorists that have examined childhood development account for the importance of the first three years...


Freud, for instance, emphasized the first three years of life almost to the exception of later childhood in terms of the psycho-sexual development of the infant. Freud described infant emotional development in terms of infant sexuality, and believed that personality was formed within the first few years of life in response to maternal attachments (Davis & Clifton, n.d., p. 1). The psychoanalytic point-of-view has matured since Freud, and has encompassed a more complex view of infant and early child development. However, psychoanalytic psychology still stresses the importance of early relationships with parents and attachment theory. The psychoanalytic attachment theories are substantiated with empirical research. For example, research reveals the infant's "need to feel secure and safe, a state that can be achieved through proximity to the major caregiver (typically the mother)," (Silverman, 1994, p. 1). The ways an infant then externalizes the attachment with the mother become its patterns of social behavior and its emotional state. As Silverman (1994) states, "These early patterns of attachment get internalized as 'working models'; the infant's patterns of attachment become habituated, generalized and then internalized as schemas," (p. 1). Researchers working within the psychoanalytic framework also " stress the significance of mother-child interactions which organize affect regulation for the infant," (Silverman, 1994, p. 1). Thus, psychoanalytic theory shows that social behaviors and affect regulation are learned within the first three years of life.
Social learning theories like those of Erikson, Bandura, and Vygotsky also support the assertion that a child's social and emotional well-being is enhanced through the development of positive attachments in the first three years of life. Erikson's theories of child development begin with…

Sources Used in Documents:


Belsky, J. & Rovine, M.J. (1988). Nonmaternal care in the first year of life and the security of infant-parent attachment. Child Development. Vol. 59, No. 1 (Feb., 1988), pp. 157-167

Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Han, Wen-Jui & Waldfogel, J. (2002). Maternal Employment and Child Cognitive Outcomes in the First Three Years of Life: The NICHD Study of Early Child Care. Child Development 73(4): 1052-1072.

Brotherson, S. (2005). Understanding attachment in young children. NDSU Extension. Retrieved online:

Davis, D. & Clifton, A. (n.d.). Psychosocial theory: Erikson. Retrieved online:
World Health Organization (2009). Early child development. Retrieved online:

Cite this Document:

"Child Development The Quality Of The Relationship" (2013, April 17) Retrieved May 21, 2024, from

"Child Development The Quality Of The Relationship" 17 April 2013. Web.21 May. 2024. <>

"Child Development The Quality Of The Relationship", 17 April 2013, Accessed.21 May. 2024,

Related Documents

Rogers lists these qualities of experiential learning: personal involvement, self-initiated, evaluated by learner, and pervasive effects on learner. To Rogers, experiential learning is equivalent to personal change and growth. Rogers feels that all human beings have a natural propensity to learn; the role of the teacher is to facilitate such learning. This includes: (1) setting a positive climate for learning, (2) clarifying the purposes of the learner(s), (3) organizing and

child development theories of several prominent psychologists, using a theoretical four-year-old girl and her interactions with her parents as an example. Child Development: An Exploration of the Theories The development of a child is an important matter in psychology. In order to become a well-adjusted adult and able to easily fit into the adult world when they are grown, children must meet certain psychological benchmarks as they are growing up. Ours

Child development- A case study One of the popular ideas of child development and learning in the early childhood educational setting is engaging children in play activities. Play stimulates and improves cognitive, motor and socio-emotional skills of children. Children practice as well as gain mastery over their behaviors, through play. Play theories are broadly categorized into two groups: classical and modern play theories; the former group focuses on human energy, evolution,

deduce the effects of parenting on the process of coping for a child, as parents take divorces or get separated. The data sample includes children aged between 9 to 12 years. These effects are being reviewed by studying the changes induced by intervention in a mother-child relationship quality and discipline (Ve'lez, Wolchik, Tein, & Sandler, 2011). The article explains that children are more prone to the risk of getting mental

Family-Centered Approach in Child Development Family centered Child Development: Importance of Family Involvement Family plays a vital role in the upbringing of a child. A child has not developed his/her senses at the time of his birth. Senses are present from the time of the birth and give the child enough potential to step out in the practical world. Apart from five basic senses i.e. taste, smell, touch, sight and sound, there are

Child Abuse and Neglect Analysis The placement agency that I am personally affiliated with is Operation Safehouse which is a transitional living facility for at risk homeless youth ages eighteen to twenty one. There are two primary locations. One is in Riverside, CA and the other is in Thousand Palms, CA (SafeHouse, N.d.). Both locations offer services that include offer education, employment, case management, therapy, and life skills for our clients