Child Obesity and Fast Food Article Review

Excerpt from Article Review :

childhood obesity and its correlation to social-economic background. The researchers argued that attention to childhood obesity focuses on genetic and environmental factors, and there is the increasingly prevalent belief that pediatric obesity may be a combination of both. Environmental factors can limit obesity but what -- the researchers wondered - stimulated the influencing environmental factors

Previous study: What has the previous study found out?

A previous study that the researchers had conducted stipulated three prime factors that were environmentally responsible for obesity. These were: low weekly levels of moderate physical exercise, high levels of daily television viewing, and routine participation in a school lunch program.

Hypothesis:

The hypothesis of this study was that certain socio-economic backgrounds were more conducive for introducing these factors than were others in that -- and this was their hypothesis - median household income influenced nutrition and recreational activities.

Investigation of this suggestion was the purpose of this article.

4. Methodology: what method did the author use?

The authors assessed body mass index in 109,634 Massachusetts children who were screened in 2009, identifying the percentage of children who were overweight and/or obese vs. The percentage of children in each community who resided in low-income homes.

The authors also compared activity patterns and diet in 999 sixth graders residing in 4 different Michigan communities with varying annual household income. Their hypothesis was that children living in towns on lower income would make poorer choices than those living in communities with more resources. A standardized questionnaire was used, calculated with ANOVA, and the percentage of obesity contrasted to response.

5. Result and discussion: Provide the statistics result then what they mean.

The results showed that in Massachusetts, the percentage of overweight or obese children by community varied from 9.6% to 42.8%. There was a definite positive correlation between household income and childhood obesity with obesity increasing with level of low income. With the Michigan sixth graders, for instance, frequency of fried food consumption per day doubled from 0.23 to 0.54 (P < .002), and daily TV/video time tripled from 0.55 to 2.00 hours (P < .001), whereas vegetable consumption and moderate/vigorous exercise consumption and moderate/vigorous exercise go down. This was clearly related to level of income. The probability significance of the consumption of…

Sources Used in Document:

The correlation may be there but it pertains just to Massachusetts and indicates correlation rather than causality.

Source

Eagle, T. et al. (2012). Understanding childhood obesity in America: Linkages between household income, community resources, and children's behaviors. The American Heart Journal, 163, 816-837.

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