Effects Of Divorce On Children Essays Examples

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Divorce and Children the Rapid

Words: 1391 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79602723

The child usually finds it difficult to unite with his or her friends and research shows that kids who have come from divorced families have a hard time trusting in relationships. (Chandler L., the Social and Educational Effects of Divorce on Children).

The Function of Parents Concerning Child Alteration during Divorce.

The way in which the parents handle the separation usually makes a difference in how the child adjusts from everything from the first report of divorce to the daily lifestyle changes that divorce does to a family. The way a parent adjusts to divorce also makes a difference on the relationship of the children. (L'Heureux-Dube, C. 1998). A parent who is having troubles dealing with the sensitive consequences of a division typically develops in more issued for the children. After the divorce is the time when the child will look for stability. When that safety is not there then the divorce way for children can be ruined.

There are other issues that cause adverse change in kids that are casualties of divorce. When there are stages where there is a lot of fighting and screaming, there is almost certainly going to be a child that is strained by the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Andersson, G. (1997). The impact of children on divorce risks of Swedish women. European Journal of Population, 13(2), 109-109-145. doi:10.1023/A:1005803001129

Duncan, S.W. (1994). Economic impact of divorce on children's development: Current findings and policy implications. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 23(4), 444-444.
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Divorce and Children

Words: 1327 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72497552

Divorce and Children

In the 21st century the society has undergone a change, for better or worse we cannot really say. Before the mid-60's divorce was rare. Family was integral to the life of individuals and above that children were the main force of society. Miserable couples remained together for the sake of children and held their marriage vows as sacred. For them liberation and freedom came second to the happiness and stability of their children. Then came the new era where, divorce was seen as liberation. As time passed divorce laws became easier and so divorce became common. Individuality became the focus in the marriage and the children were considered a secondary issue in the marriage. It became a common belief that if the parents are forever warring, the children would be adversely affected so it is better to be separated. Yet, this belief is erroneous. The fact is if parent are constantly fighting the children maybe negatively effected but not as badly as they are when parents divorce.

The fact is when parents divorce most children have a hard time overcoming the separation. They may take years to recover from the psychological problems and even then ruminants of…… [Read More]

1. Wallerstein, JS. [1989] Children After Divorce: Wounds That Don't Heal. The Psychiatric Times: Medicine and Behavior. 8: 8-11..

2. Wallerstein, JS. Corbin SB. [2000] The Child and the Vicissitudes of Divorce.
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Divorce on Children the Effects

Words: 2390 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69098775

In reality, such a parent would have difficulty raising a child on his or her own and the finances that he or she previously invested in providing the child with entertaining activities need to be directed at buying more important resources for the child.

A parent who is no longer in charge of his or her child's life has practically no problems buying a great deal of things for his or her child and thus influences the child in feeling that he or she is not receiving enough attention from the parent holding custody. Children can also be affected by the fact that parents often believe that there is a competition between themselves and their peers concerning who receives the most appreciation from the child.

IV. Children's development

Whereas people are well-aware that divorce can be harmful for a large number of children who see their parents getting separated, the masses generally tend to ignore the effects of divorce on children as a whole. "Children of divorce are more depressed and aggressive toward parents and teachers than are youngsters from intact families. They are much more likely to develop mental and emotional disorders later in life" (Leo). Generations can practically…… [Read More]

Amato, Paul R. "The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children," Journal of Marriage and the Family 62.4 (2000)

DeBord, Carmen, "The Effects of Divorce on Children," Retrieved November 11, 2011, from the North Carolina State University Website:  http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/fcs/pdfs/fcs471.pdf 
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Divorce on Children Impacts of

Words: 1192 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86633081

Of course, the amount of transitions (the amount of divorce in the family) greatly increases the risk for children to settle in satisfying marriages and divorce themselves when young adults.

Protective factors reducing impact of divorce on children

The research question here is whether there are any factors that may be considered that are empirically proved to be able to mitigate the effect of divorce in children.

Within the last decade, researchers have identified various such factors each having a range of associated variables themselves.

1. Competent custodial parents and parenting: One of the best protective factors is the quality of parenting following divorce and the psychological adjustment of the custodial parents. Effective parental behavior such as warmth, nurturing, emotional support, authoritative discipline, and age appropriate behavior demonstrate the best means for providing emotional support for children as compared to parents who are withdrawn, inattentive and provide coercive discipline (Sandler et al., 2008).

2. Nonresident parents: Frequent contact with parents -- depending on the nature of the relationship with that parents, on the level of inter-parental conflict, and on the personality of that parents- may also mitigate effects of divorce. This is particularly so if the parent continues nurturing activities…… [Read More]

Amato, P. (2010). Research on divorce: Continuing trends and new developments Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 650-666 .

Bausermann, R. (2002). Child adjustment in joint-custody vs. sole-custody arrangements: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 91 -- 102.
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Divorce on Children the Harmful

Words: 2254 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84394182

Teens may be especially resentful of the way this disrupts their schedules and interferes with school, friendships, work, and other usual activities (Wallerstein, 2000). And further, especially in the case of a needy, now single parent, older children and teens in particular may now face a perceived necessity of their becoming the needy parent's new and often only source of emotional support (Wallerstein). At this same time, the older child or teen's own emotional needs begin to go (and often remain) largely or entirely unmet thereafter by one or both divorced parents (Fagan).

When this occurs, the permanently life-altering; long-term damaging psychological result is often that it effectively truncates childhood or adolescence prematurely and thereby causes older children or teens to feel that they must now act like adults themselves, thus suddenly forcing them to become more independent, self-confident, selfless and self-sufficient than they genuinely feel (Wallerstein). Older children and teens may now suddenly believe they must "manage" the family themselves by caring for younger siblings or taking on some or all of the adult responsibilities of the absent parent (Fagan, May 14, 2004; Wallerstein, 2000; Fagan & Rector, 2007).

As a consequence of that, children of divorce often feel…… [Read More]

Fagan, P.F. (May 14, 2004). The social scientific data on the impact of marriage and divorce on children. The Heritage Foundation. http://www.heritage.org/

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Divorce on Children What Are

Words: 1601 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31495650

This article is of extreme importance in this research study. It adds to the other articles mentioned by discussing the importance of protective factors in detail and urging caution when espousing a correlative relationship between cause and effect in divorce and the reaction of children.

Leon, K. (2003). Risk and Protective Factors in Young Children's Adjustment to Parental

Divorce: A Review of the Research. Family Relations, 52(3), pp.258-270.

In this article, Leon (2003) attempts to address a gap in the research of divorce's affects on children by examining divorce's affects on small children. Citing Amato (2001), Leon points out that research has previously shown children to face hardship because of divorce, although they "adjust well" (pg. 258), however, he suggests that these results generally take into account older children. Leon (2003) looks primarily at the variable of early childhood development as it is impacted by divorce. Interestingly, Leon (2003) found results that were remarkably similar to Amato's, noting that children with divorced parents tended to be associated with developmental problems such as being withdrawn or having behavior problems. However, it would be easy to argue that other factors were responsible for these results. In addition, interpreting the results of these…… [Read More]

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Divorce and Its Impact on

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90848790

In regard to how a child's sense of family is affected by the remarriage of either parent, Ahrons points out that binuclear families have proven to be rather undesirable. This is more so the case given the unusual combination of both blood and non-blood relationships which according to Ahrons could effectively defy clear definition of roles.

Findings from this study as the author further points out clearly indicate that children can only have an enhanced sense of biological family as well as maintain close relationships with their parents once the said parents reduce or minimize their conflicts. Thus in the final analysis, parental conflict and subsequent divorce does have a negative impact on the well-being of the affected children. The sample used for this particular study was largely random, with 98 pairs of individuals who were at some point in a marriage union being interviewed. Interviews involving the divorced parents in this case were conducted in three phases. The collection of data involved extensive interviews with members of the family. In a way, the structure of the interview permitted respondents to tackle questions leveled to them in their own words. This further enhanced the reliability and comprehensiveness of the study.…… [Read More]

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Divorce Can Have a Devastating

Words: 1771 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71973899

One such area is how divorce affects the children of divorce once they are married and have children of their own. Do they have difficulty committing? Are they more likely to delay marriage? Answers to these types of questions may prove beneficial to examining further the long-term effects of divorce on children.


Resources in Palm Spring California include family and individual counseling services throughout the city. Some of these resources include The Counseling Center located at 1111 E. Tahquitz Canyon Way in Palm Springs, CA 92262. The phone number for the counseling center is (760) [HIDDEN] In addition, there is the Smoketree Counseling Services located at 2825 E. Tahquitz Canyon Way in Palm Springs, CA 92262. The phone number for smoketree is (760) [HIDDEN] Additionally there are other counselors in the area specializing in therapy as it relates to divorce. One such therapist is Nancy Ackerman. She has more than 16 years of experience. Her office is located at 69846 Highway 111,Suite D. In Rancho Mirage, CA 92270. Her phone number is (760) [HIDDEN] (Nancy Joan Ackerman 2005). The fee she charges is $100 to $124 per hour. She does not accept any type of insurance (Nancy Joan Ackerman…… [Read More]

Love, K.M. And Murdock T. (2004) Attachment to Parents and Psychological well being: An Examination of young Adult College Student in intact Families and Step Families Journal of Family Psychology. 18 (4)

Nielsen, L. (1999). College Aged Students with Divorced Parents: Facts and Fiction. College Student Journal, 33(4), 543.

Nancy Joan Ackerman (2005). Retrieved February 19, 2005 from; http://www.4therapy.com/locator/viewtherapist.php?uniqueid=236
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Divorce Understanding Outcomes for Children

Words: 1926 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95350119

Among the factors which this article elucidates are necessary to be considered, Hetherington et al. indicate that "the long-term effects are related more to the child's developmental status, sex, and temperament; the qualities of the home and parenting environments; and to the resources and support systems available to the parents and child than they are to divorce or remarriage per se." (Hetherington et al., 303)

From a clinical treatment perspective, the article by Konstam (2009) is particularly useful. This presents the view that for those verging on adulthood who experience the divorce of parents, there is a more sophisticated and thus more complex sense of loss which is difficult to interpret. This is experienced differently than the dissolution of a marriage for young children who may lack the wherewithal to have observed clear warning signs. Here, Konstam suggests that clinical assistance can be a valuable resource for contending with issues which may otherwise incubate. Konstam suggests "that family therapists can assist emerging adults in developing narratives related to the experience of divorce that promote happiness, maturity, and complexity, narratives that serve as a powerful alternative to existing deficit models." (Konstam, 26)

As somewhat of a departure, we consider finally the…… [Read More]

Amato, P. (2000). The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 11-26.

Amato, P. & Cheadle, J.(2008). Parental divorce, marital conflict and children's behavior problems: A comparison of adopted and biological children. Social Forces, 83
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Divorce as Cherlin Points Out

Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19048119

Few people would say that divorce helps children except in cases of abuse. Divorce can create tremendous confusion in children of any age. One of the keys to preventing psychological, behavioral, or social problems is honesty. A non-profit group called Health Guide offers advice for parents going through a divorce. The organization recommends honesty and communication as keys to helping children cope and preventing mental or behavioral health problems. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry also recommends age-appropriate honesty and openness. The Health Guide also points out that many children "go through their parents' divorce with relatively few problems or permanent negative effects." Those children who experience acute stress require special care and attention.

Depression, anxiety, social withdrawal, and a lack of interest in those things that used to give the child pleasure are some of the psychological symptoms of childhood stress. A divorce could add to existing anxiety or cause it. Divorce creates dramatic changes to the child's lifestyle, especially if household income suddenly declines because of the loss of one parent. Children are affected on many levels when their parents get divorced. Not only do they lose the stability they once enjoyed or took for granted.…… [Read More]

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. "Children and Divorce." May 2008. Retrieved Oct 14, 2008 at http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/children_and_divorce

Cherlin, Andrew J. "Generation Ex." The Nation. Nov 27, 2000. Retrieved Oct 14, 2008 at http://www.thenation.com/doc/20001211/cherlin
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Divorce and Its Effects on

Words: 1785 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95939244

Moreover, a gradual increase of divorce rate has been found in this period as well.

Lyons, Linda. "Gallup Tuesday Briefing." Kids and Divorce 1.1 (2002):1-3.

Citing the study of Hetherington and Kelly, Lyons provided a more positive outlook on the effects of divorce as she states that the divorce experience can be a source of empowerment for the children. Lyons also looked at teen's perception and attitude towards marriage and divorce.

Mack, Kristin. "Childhood Family Disruptions and Adult Well-Being: The Differential Effects of Divorce and Parental Death." Death Studies 25.1 (2001): 419-443.

This empirical study, which employed psychological theories, examines family disruptions in general. Findings of the study show that adults who have had experienced parental divorcer are more likely to have lower quality of their own parent-child relationship. But they are more confident and have lower levels of depression as compared to those who have experienced parental deaths.

Storksen, Ingunn et al. "Adolescent adjustment and well-being: Effects of parental divorce and distress." Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 47.1 (2006): 75-84.

Data from 8,984 Norwegian adolescents and parents have shown that the effects of divorce involve anxiety, depression, and even school problems. Actual distress and parental divorce contribute significantly to the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Black, Evan. "Reflections on the Special Issue: Divorce and its Aftermath." Family Process 46.1. (2007): 1-2.

For Black, the practice of divorce has become a ubiquitous practice affecting not only one's immediate relationships but also other domains of one's life. Black provided a grounded and contextual understanding of divorce via the story of the travails of a single mother with two children.
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Divorce Children the Impact of

Words: 1042 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88083937

Data will be collected using a survey instrument. The instrument will be designed by researchers for the purposes of this particular study and will feature two sections. The first section will ask for some brief familial and biographical information. First and foremost, the survey will ask the life and marital status of the respondents' parents, accounting for single mothers, single fathers, legal non-biological guardians, divorced parents, remarried parents and married parents. This section will also ask for information regarding siblings and other particulars of the family living situation. Surveys will not ask for names or other individual identifiers, insuring anonymity and privacy for all respondents.

In the second section of the survey, aata will be collected using a Fixed Alternatives Likert Scale survey. Here, 20 statements will be presented to the respondent. The respondent will be asked to circle one of five numbered responses:

-2. Strongly Disagree

-1. Disagree

0. Neutral

1. Agree

2. Strongly Agree

Each response generates a score, with all responses contributing to a composite score determining the respondents' 'relative adjustment.' Here, 'relative adjustment' will refer to the emotional, psychological, sociological and developmental well-being of the respondent, independent of his or her parents' marital status. Relative adjustment…… [Read More]

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Divorce Can Have a Tremendous Effect on

Words: 816 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77731004

Divorce can have a tremendous effect on the lives of children and the parties that are getting the divorce. More than half of all marriages in America end in divorce. It is believed that the people that are affected the most by divorce are children, over a million of them experience divorce in their families each year. During the decade between 1990 and 2000 about 15 million children, under the age of 8, became products of divorced families. It is estimated that by 2010,over 50% of children will come from a single family home. The purpose of this discussion is to explore the effects of divorce on children and their parents.

Divorces can devastate the most important relationship in a child's life, and experts believe that divorce can have a negative effect on the relationships that children have later in life. When children have experienced the divorce of their parents they are more likely to divorce than those that come from traditional families and those that lose a parent because of death. In addition, children who are from divorced families usually become sexually active earlier in life, be more promiscuous, more likely to live with a mate without being married…… [Read More]

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Divorce Outcomes of Divorce on

Words: 714 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31612525

Ananat & Michaels (2008) concur with the emphasis on income being the deciding factor upon the divorced child's success. They found that divorce significantly "increases women's odds of having very high or very low income. In other words, while some women successfully compensate for lost spousal earnings through child support, welfare, combining households, and increasing labor supply, others are markedly unsuccessful. We conclude that by raising both poverty and inequality, divorce has important welfare consequences" (Ananat & Michaels 2008). Some women use divorce as a vehicle of self-empowerment, for other women who are unable to compensate, poverty becomes more severe in a single-income household. Another interesting finding of Ananat & Michael's research is that "having a female first-born child significantly increases the probability that a woman's first marriage breaks up," and this may account for the lower incomes of children with divorce, if women still tend to earn less than their male counterparts.

But another study by Sun & Li (2008) found that while "the negative socioeconomic consequences of growing up in unstable postdivorce families are at least twice as large as those of staying in a stabilized postdivorce family environment through late adolescence," both due to the economic and…… [Read More]

Ananat, E., & G. Michaels. (2008). The effect of marital breakup on the income distribution of women with children. The Journal of Human Resources, 43(3), 611. Retrieved August

9, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1521034461).
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Children Fatherless Homes Parenting The Effects

Words: 2533 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39424929

0%), cohabiting parents (61.8%), cohabiting stepparents (71.0%), and married stepparents (65.2-16%).

Recall that when we consider all children, we find that the food insecurity rates are significantly lower for children living with married stepparents than for children with cohabiting parents or single-mother families.

Finally, food insecurity rates are significantly lower for lower-income children living with their married biological/adoptive parents (46.8%) than for all other groups considered.

The share of lower-income children who are food-insecure declined by 4.0 percentage points between 1997 and 2002.

Food insecurity rates fell for lower-income children living with married parents, married stepparents, and single mothers but went up for children with cohabiting parents, although none of these changes are statistically significant.

According to Sari Friedman, attorney, children still need both parents even after the divorce and the parents should both continue involvement in the child health education and welfare taking an active role. In December 1, 1998, the Wall Street Journal Article by Maggie Gallagher's entitled "Fatherless boys grow up Into Dangerous Men" reviews a study conducted at the University of California and Princeton. The total of 6,400 boys were studied and followed throughout 20 years of their growing up and development. The study, according to…… [Read More]

Effects of Fatherlessness (U.S. Data) [Online]

http://www.massey.ac.nz/~kbirks/gend er/econ/nodad.htm
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Divorce on an Only Child

Words: 2556 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60903313

As a result, the child's threshold for withstanding teen relationship challenges is reduced in future.

These personality traits are especially developed during adolescence because this is the period to which the boy would be defining ideologies behind relationships. It is also during this time that the boy's mental faculties would best comprehend attributes that define the relationship between a man and a woman. When the child is in the age group of 10-12/13, the impact might not be so domineering on the child's development as compared to later stages (14-18) in the life of the child (Livaditis, 2002).


Children brought up by narcissistic mothers are more likely to have a low self-esteem than those brought up by caring mothers. Narcissistic mothers make their children feel bad about themselves, thereby making the boy less confident, especially in his young adult life (between the ages of 13-18) (Chen, 2005). It is imperative that the child becomes less confident during kindergarten and early adolescent life when he compares himself to other children from caring parents.

The situation varies because children noted to live with caring fathers after divorce are more likely to avoid the negative impact of non-supportive mothers (Hopper, 2001).

When…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Chen, J. (2005). Cultivating Resilience in Children from Divorced Families. The Family

Journal, 13(4), 452-455.
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Divorce as an Experience Is Never Easy

Words: 1064 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94101792

Divorce as an experience is never easy for anyone, not the adults and especially not the children, on which the effects of divorce can take a serious toll. However, there are some factors that play a significant role in determining the impact of that experience for the child. Age, the way the entire procedure of divorce is handled, how mature parents have behaved throughout it, how the environment of the home remained pre and post divorce all are instrumental in effecting the psychological well-being of the child, whose mind is still young enough to develop imprints that can last a lifetime (University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension, n.d).

The effects of the breaking up of a family can be very consequential for the growing up child, and can even result in effects like having sex before the age of 16, getting pregnant at a young age like 20, including the use of drugs and alcohol and seriously affecting the psychological and social disadvantages that can go on for a lifetime (Pow, 2011).

In his article, "The Effects of Family Conflict Resolution on Children's Behavior" by Bruce F. Dykeman, he discusses the effects of a conflicted environment on the child and…… [Read More]

Alastair McPhee, F.C. (2009). Disruptive Behaviour within the classroom: an ecosystemic view of pupil behaviour. Retrieved Sept 4th, 2011, from University of Glasgow: https://dspace.gla.ac.uk/bitstream/1905/805/3/McPhee_Craig.pdf

Ceridian Corporation. (n.d). Helping Children deal with Change. Retrieved Sept 4th, 2011, from Georgia 4-H: http://georgia4h.org/omk/edresources/KidsAndChange.pdf
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Divorce Effect Children There Is

Words: 1572 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87197122

Therefore, extra attention should be given to keeping promises and basic daily routines.

Works Cited

Winslow, Emily B.; Wolchik, Sharlene a.; Sander, Irwin. "Preventive Interventions for Children of Divorce." Psychiatric Times; 2/1/2004; Pp.

Meckler, Laura. "U.S. Compiles Divorce Statistics." AP Online; 7/24/2002; Pp.

Sirica, Jack. "The Children of Divorce." Newsday; 5/19/1994; Pp.

Pruett, Marsha Kline. "Only God Decides: Young Children's Perceptions of Divorce and the Legal System." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 12/1/1999; Pp.

Conan, Neal. "Analysis: Effects of divorce on children." Talk of the Nation:

National Public Radio; 1/31/2002; Pp.

Neuman, Gary M. Helping Your Kids Cope With Divorce the Sandcastles Way.

Random House Inc. 1999; pp.4, 6.

Lansky, Vicki. Vicki Lansky's Divorce Book for Parents: Helping Your Children

Cope With Divorce and Its Aftermath. Book Peddlers.1996; Pp. 2.

Meckler, Laura. "U.S. Compiles Divorce Statistics." AP Online; 7/24/2002; Pp.

Winslow, Emily B.; Wolchik, Sharlene a.; Sander, Irwin. "Preventive Interventions for Children of Divorce." Psychiatric Times; 2/1/2004; Pp.

Sirica, Jack. "The Children of Divorce." Newsday; 5/19/1994; Pp.

Pruett, Marsha Kline. "Only God Decides: Young Children's Perceptions of Divorce and the Legal System." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 12/1/1999; Pp.

Conan,…… [Read More]

Winslow, Emily B.; Wolchik, Sharlene a.; Sander, Irwin. "Preventive Interventions for Children of Divorce." Psychiatric Times; 2/1/2004; Pp.

Meckler, Laura. "U.S. Compiles Divorce Statistics." AP Online; 7/24/2002; Pp.
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Children the Psychological Affects of

Words: 376 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23891224

Others, however, have argued that children do not become familiar with the new spouse, seeing him or her as a stranger, which might suggest that stress is furthered rather than reduced in these children. According to Jeynes (1998), tension between biological parents can seriously impact the child, as can the fact that new, unstable marriages are likely to end in divorce (p. 25). Because of this tension and stress Jeynes (1998) points out that children can become angry, aggressive, and unhappy (p. 26). Thus, the body of literature regarding the effects of remarriage on children varies widely. One fact, however, remains. Divorce and remarriage causes stress in children, and this stress can explain many of the negative affects that they receive after remarriage. Remarriage, in some cases, however, also brings stability, which can explain the positive affects, such as increased academic achievement, that these children exemplified.


Jeynes, William H. (1998). A Historical Overview on the Research on the effects of Remarriage Following Divorce on…… [Read More]

Jeynes, William H. (1998). A Historical Overview on the Research on the effects of Remarriage Following Divorce on the Academic Achievement of Children. The School Community Journal. 8(1), 23-30.
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Divorce as a Moral Issue

Words: 600 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94075340

divorce inherently immoral? Does its morality depend on the presence of children in a marriage? Views vary on the ethical issue of divorce, for some believe marriage to be a scared institution sanctioned and governed by religious bodies, while others view it as purely a secular matter. If one or both of the married partners are unhappy, should divorce be an option? Or should the institution of marriage be preserved no matter what obstacles are in its path?

Laurence Houlgate quotes Rebecca West in the opening of his article: "divorce is nearly always an unspeakable calamity." Studies show that children do suffer dearly from the consequences of divorce. On several accounts, children bear the largest burden of the parents' faults. Despite arguments to the contrary, Houlgate cites ample evidence supporting the theory that children experience psychological and behavioral problems following a divorce. Many of these effects last for years. Long-term studies show that the detrimental effects of divorce on children include decreased performance in school and behavior problems. Based on these empirical findings, Houlgate created what he calls the Divorce Child-Harm Argument, or the DCH. The DCH is a logical ethical formula: If parents are obliged to treat their children…… [Read More]

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Divorce or Not An Assessment

Words: 1335 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1785553

More of them end up in mental health clinics and hospital settings. There is earlier sexual activity, more children born out of wedlock, less marriage, and more divorce. Numerous studies show that adult children of divorce have more psychological problems than those raised in intact marriages." (Kupelian, 2005) it is reported in the work entitled: "Reflections on Distressed Couples Contemplating Divorce One Study of the Structured Separation Process" that the high divorce rate has caused family therapists to search for ways for families to make necessary transitions during divorce in what is termed a structural marriage separation. While this cannot assure happiness for couples or their children this method is clearly preferable to the chaos that often ensues when a couple separates. (Mize, Nelson, Sutter, and Mize, 2005)

Summary & Analysis

The factual evidence provided in this case which is under analysis was provided in a brief sketch only which leaves many variables both known and unknown. Because this study made the assumption that no marital domestic violence and abuse existed and neither did pre-marital affairs exist with either spouse and finally made the additional assumption that there are no existing problems with drug or alcohol abuse then the facts…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Kupelian, D. (2005) How America Can End Its Divorce Epidemic. World Net Daily 7 April 2005. http://www.stolenvows.com/epidemic.htm

Waite, L.J.; Browning, D.; Doherty, W.J.; Gallagher, M.; Luo, Ye; and Stanley, S.(2002) Does Divorce Make People Happy? Findings from a Study of Unhappy Marriages. Institute for American Values. 2002, New York, NY http://www.americanvalues.org/UnhappyMarriages.pd
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Divorce Outcomes on Children Outcomes

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33699851

Anti-Social Behavior

A good number of studies over the years have linked deviant behaviors such as juvenile delinquency and anti-social behavior to children living in broken homes (Bandura & Walters in Demo & Acock, 1988, p.636). Dornbusch et al.'s (in ibid.) nationwide study among 12-17 male and female children of divorced families found that adolescents living in household with only their mothers performing the sole parent role are more likely to engage in deviant acts while the presence of an additional adult lessens the likelihood of committing deviant acts.

Positive Effects

Long have we known about the negative effects of divorce, I believe it is high time to look at the under-acknowledged domain of the divorce literature, i.e. The positive effects of divorce. According to Hetherington & Kelly in Lyons (2002, p.1), three-fourths of the children from divorced families have actually grown to be resilient and lead lives with healthy and satisfying relationships. Further extending this point, Demo & Acock (1988, p.626) maintain that children in divorced families frequently take on a number of domestic responsibilities to compensate for the absent parent. This, in effect, broadens their skills and competencies.


Cooney, T.M. et al. (1995). Surviving the Break-Up? Predictors…… [Read More]

Cooney, T.M. et al. (1995). Surviving the Break-Up? Predictors of Parent-Adult Child Relations After Parental Divorce. Family Relations, 44, 153-161.

Demo, DH & Acock, a.C. (1988). The Impact of Divorce on Children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 619-648.
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Divorce of Parents Harms Their

Words: 1982 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15429781

There is a typical decline in the standard of living of mother-headed families, for children of divorce, that often pushes them below the poverty level. A number of developmental problem, in children, are associated with a lack of economic resources. A child's nutrition and health may be negatively affected by economic hardship. Educational items such as: private lessons, educational toys, computers, and books are also often difficult for single-parent families to afford, as often found in the loss of income experienced by custodial mothers. Reduced income may force the family to move into lower income neighborhoods, where school systems are not as adequately funded. Lastly, living in poverty can be stigmatizing for the child, which can lead into the entry into deviant subcultures.

The general well-being of children of divorce is also negatively affected by the conflict during the separation period. This interparental hostility is a severe stressor for children. It creates a home environment that's aversive, creating stress, unhappiness and insecurity for the children and negatively impacts their development. This conflict is likely to increase the stress in the parents as well, making them less effective when dealing with their children, during this difficult process. Children are often drawn…… [Read More]

Amato, P. & Keith, B. (Jul 1991). Parental divorce and the well-being of children: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 110(1). Retrieved July 27, 2009, from PsycArticles.

Civitci, N., Civitci, A., & Fiyakali, N. (May 2009). Loneliness and life satisfaction in adolescents with divorced and non-divorced parents. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9(2). Retrieved July 27, 2009, from Academic Search Complete.
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Child Abuse How Large Is

Words: 4401 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46242485

The second includes verbal and emotional assaults including persistent patterns of belittling, denigrating, scapegoating, and other nonphysical, but clearly hostile or rejecting behaviors, such as repeated threats of beatings, sexual assault, and abandonment. The third, residual, category includes other forms of emotional abuse such as attempted sexual or physical assaults; throwing something at a child but missing; withholding shelter, sleep, or other necessities as punishment, and economic exploitation (p.11).

According to Righthand, Kerr, and Drach (2003), psychological abuse can be technically defined as:

1. Verbal or emotional assault, exemplified by persistent patterns of belittling, denigrating, scapegoating, or other nonphysical but rejecting, hostile, and degrading behaviors.

2. Terrorizing the child, exemplified by threatening to physically hurt, kill, or abandon the child, or by exposing the child to chronic or extreme partner abuse or other forms of violent behaviors.

3. Exploiting or corrupting the child, exemplified by modeling criminal or antisocial behavior; encouraging and condoning delinquent behavior, substance abuse, or other maladaptive acts; or by promoting developmentally inappropriate behaviors.

4. Isolating the child, exemplified by placing unreasonable limits or restrictions on the child's developmental needs for peer and adult social interaction.

5. Other psychological abuses include withholding shelter, sleep, or other necessities…… [Read More]

Barnett, D., Manly, J.T., and Cicchetti, D. (1994). Defining child maltreatment: the interface between policy and research. Child abuse, child development, and social policy: advances in applied developmental psychology, 8,7-73. New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Calam, R. & Franchi, C. (1987). Child abuse and its consequences. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Divorce The Legal Dissolution of a Marriage

Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44553795

Divorce, "the legal dissolution of a marriage" (American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition) is considered as the bane of the contemporary American society ruining the lives of not only the two people involved but also deteriorates the well being of the children with divorced parents. Research shows that the number of children experiencing parental divorce is as large as one million every year, in the United States (Amato et al.: 895). Innumerable theories and studies have been conducted, addressing the similar issue, outlining the causes as well as the effects of divorce on the victimized family in particular and on the nation in general. Causes of divorce are many from extremely low levels of satisfaction to appalling levels of commitment and gradual weakening of bond due to adultery or abuse (Sprecher). Hence, divorce is a problem worldwide, augmenting at an alarming pace, compelling researchers and experts in the field to take effective measures to control the same. Based on extensive research and analysis, this paper discusses the possible causes and the harmful effects of divorce in the United States.


The augmenting divorce rate in the United States of America has compelled the authorities in charge to look beyond the immediate…… [Read More]

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Divorce Is a Traumatic Experience for a

Words: 2611 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28735645

Divorce is a traumatic experience for a child under any circumstances. They were certainly so in mine, in which several intervening factors complicated the ability to develop effective psychological coping mechanisms. I was nine years old when my parents got divorced. The divorce was not due to mutual consent or irreconcilable differences but the fact that my mother had an affair with my father's best friend, subsequently leaving the country. Being abandoned by my mother has had lingering effects on my psyche, impacting my ability to form intimate relationships and to trust others. Using my example, it is possible to evaluate the developmental, environmental, cultural, and systemic issues at stake during a major family trauma like divorce. Legal and ethical issues related to my personal case will also be discussed. The analysis will inform a thorough diagnosis and treatment plan, as well as suggesting possible alternatives.

The following issues are part of the primary diagnosis: low self-esteem; inability to trust others; inability to commit in personal relationships; inability to commit to long-term plans; lack of interest in parenthood. Although a lack of desire to have children is not necessarily a pathology, in my case I do believe that it is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Hess, R.D. & Camara, K.A. (1979). Post-divorce family relationships as mediating factors in the consequences of divorce for children. Journal of Social Issues 35(4): 79-96.

Peck, J.S. & Manocherian, J.R. (1988). Divorce in the changing family life cycle. Chapter 15 in Changing Family Life Cycle. Pp. 335-369.
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Divorce in America Historical Perspectives

Words: 1359 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41944357

Agreements and Disagreements

When we consider the arguments and perspectives of both Coontz and May on the subject of divorce in America, some disagreements emerge, though by and large the two agree in principle if not on all of the details. From the above discussion of the two authors' points-of-view on divorce in America, it is more than evident that there is some disagreement in what the authors believe to be at the heart of current rises in divorce rates in the United States. Coontz, on the one hand, argues that changes in the underlying cultural attitudes and beliefs about marriage shifted around two hundred years ago, and that these new beliefs are still having an effect on the institution of marriage, specifically through divorce. May, on the other hand, looks to socioeconomic changes in the history of the country to account for rising divorce rates, and ties the historical rise in divorce rates over the last century to rising affluence and the pressure of "keeping up with the Joneses."

While these two perspectives seem irreconcilable, there are fundamental similarities and agreements that actually bind these two arguments closely together. Both of the authors agree that the roots of the…… [Read More]

Coontz, Stephanie. "The Origins of Modern Divorce." Family Process 46.1 (Mar. 2007): 7-16.

May, Elaine Tyler. "The Pressure to Provide: Class, Consumerism, and Divorce in Urban American, 1880-1920." Journal of Social History 12.2 (Winter 1978): 180-193.
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Divorce in Minority Families Divorce

Words: 2846 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95317753

(Coleman et al., 2006) there are more significant differences between race and ethnic groups in beliefs about intergenerational assistance than are expected by chance the differences are not large. As expected, White European-Americans perceive that less help should be given to older adults than is true of African-Americans and Asian-Americans. Unexpectedly, European-Americans and Latinos rarely differ in their beliefs about intergenerational assistance. When differences exist among the three minority groups, it is typically because African-Americans and Asian-Americans perceive that more help should be given to older family members than Latinos. The family plays a unique role in forming and sustaining intimate relationships; however, there have been notable changes in the family in the past 50 years. As marriages are being delayed, birth rates are decreasing, and maternal employment, divorce, cohabitation, and births to single mothers are increasing, the course of intimate relationships is becoming more diverse and less stable and predictable. (Hetherington, 2003)

Although marriage has been associated with a number of positive benefits (e.g., health, income, child achievement), it appears that maintaining a marriage is a difficult task for many Americans. Analyses of data from the National Survey of Family Growth revealed that 20% of first marriages end in…… [Read More]

Bean, R.A., Crane, D.R., & Lewis, T.L. (2002). Basic research and implications for practice in family science: A content analysis and status report for U.S. ethnic groups. Family Relations, 51, 15-21.

Bramlett, M.D., & Mosher, W.D. (2001). First marriage dissolution, divorce, and remarriage: United Stales (Advanced Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 323). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
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Homosexual Marriage and the Effects of Parenting

Words: 1931 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10904344

Homosexual Marriage and the Impacts on Parenting

Homosexual marriage refers to legal matrimony between two individuals of the same gender and it is a phenomenon which has come under a great deal of scrutiny and debate during the last few years. As of the time of this writing nine states have legalized gay marriage, and 31 states have constitutional amendments which ban gay marriage to some extent -- a fact alone which showcases this nation's level of homophobia and a reluctance to deliver fundamental rights, like the right to pursue happiness. However, the topic of this paper is to examine the impacts of gay marriage on parenting and the kids that grow up having two moms or two dads. Even the most conservative, right-winged, and religiously literal people will admit, that if there's one thing that this nation needs; for example, the following conservative remarked: "Many studies show that single parents struggle to provide the safe environment provided by a two-biological-parent home. Bless the single parents who try, but there is a direct correlation between single homes and crimes of all types. If anything, the effects of broken homes indicate the importance of reestablishing the ideal of traditional marriage" (Balling,…… [Read More]

Balling, R. (2012, Septemver 28). Why same-sex marriage affects my marriage. Retrieved from Star tribune: http://www.startribune.com/opinion/commentaries/171613511.html?refer=y

Carey, B. (2012, June 11). Debate on a Study Examining Gay Parents. Retrieved from NYTimes: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/12/health/study-examines-effect-of-having-a-gay-parent.html?_r=0
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Marriage With Adult Children of

Words: 1600 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38133289

Couples might do everything that they are required to do and follow all the rules. They will never work if one's personal standpoint with regards to marriage is defective. They need to work on solving their marital issue because they believe in and want to cherish its value. It will never produce the same effect if a couple is seeking out ways to make it seem valuable. A majority of therapists who work on the problems of others might have been divorced themselves and are in the business just for the money. They are just professionals who are certified as a therapist based on their education. They are far from being perfect and can even induce couples to actually go through with divorce when they find themselves hopelessly ineffective in a particular situation. A lot of couples still go for marital therapy even though they are aware of such occurrences. They just need someone else to help them out in extricating a few reasons for them to stop getting a divorce and to keep their relationship from falling apart. (Fincham & Beach,2009)


Ambert, A.M (2009). Divorce: Facts, Causes & Consequences Contemporary Family Trends, 17 -- 25.

Gardner, J. &…… [Read More]

Ambert, A.M (2009). Divorce: Facts, Causes & Consequences Contemporary Family Trends, 17 -- 25.

Gardner, J. & Oswald, A.J.(2005) Do Divorcing Couples become happier by breaking up ? Journal of the Royal Statistical Soceity
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Divorce Is One of the Bitter Truths

Words: 1685 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13237121

Divorce is one of the bitter truths of life and is taking place in innumerable families worldwide. It can prove to be an upsetting experience for the parents. However, both the parties should think of their children before taking any decision as divorce affects the lives of the children in a real bad way.

These days, it is totally impossible for people to ignore the substantial and extensive consequences of divorce. The social scientists believe that the ever increasing rate of parents separating or ending their marriages is not only bad for the society but is also an upsetting and destructive experience for the children. The divorce not only has the tendency to devastate a whole household or family life but it also affects the education acquirement process, job reliability, income likely, physical health, and emotional well-being of the family members. Children of divorced parents involve themselves in alcohol and drug addiction and offensive activities (Fagan & Rector).

Millions of children throughout the world undergo overwhelming experiences when their parents end their marriages. The consequences of divorce continue to affect the life of a child even when he becomes a mature person. Divorce and separation of parents not only incur…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Fagan, P.F., and Robert R. "The Effects of Divorce on America." World and I Oct. Questia. Web. 31 May 2012. .

Kelly, J.B., and R.E. Emery . "Children's Adjustment Following Divorce: Risk and Resilience Perspectives." Family Relations. (2003): 352-362. Print.
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Divorce on Middle Childhood There

Words: 4802 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85119570

They can go one of two ways, if they have social and emotional problems brought on by the divorce. They can spend their teenage years being wild and out-of-control, or they can spend them as a virtual recluse, rarely leaving their rooms except to go to mandatory functions such as school. Neither one of these options is very good, and both can lead to more problems later on in life.

When children become wild and hard to control, parents are often at a loss as to how to help them. It is difficult enough to control a wild, unruly teenager when there are two parents in the house, but much more difficult when there is only one parent. To compound the problem, that single parent often works two jobs or long hours to provide food, clothing, and shelter for himself or herself and the children. This absence from the house can allow the child too much unsupervised free time in which to experiment with new and dangerous things that can get them in trouble with parents, the law, or worse.

On the other side of the equation are the reclusive children. Their deep distrust of anyone else does not cause…… [Read More]

Ahrons, C.R. & Tanner, J.L. (2003) Adult children and their fathers: Relationship changes 20 years after parental divorce. Family Relations, 52: 340-351.

Amato, P. & DeBoer, D. (2001). The transmission of marital stability across generations: Relationship skills or commitment to marriage? Journal of Marriage and Family, 63: 1038-1051.
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Children of Losing a Parent

Words: 1817 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87831274

" (Dueck)

Both death and divorce are extreme experiences in a child's life and both can have a wide range of native psychological and developmental repercussions. Divorce is seen by many experts to be a potentially extremely traumatic experience in the life of the child. This of course does not mean to say that the impact of death is not equally traumatic. However, while the very young child may not be aware enough to be impacted by the death of parent, the effects of divorce are often felt over a longer long period and can be extremely traumatic for the child's sense of identify and self-worth. As an expert states, " divorce undermines this nurturing atmosphere. Children are very much affected by the disruption and absence of a unified two-parent home environment." (Dueck)

In essence this means that any traumatic event, whether it be death or divorce, that destroys or disrupts the natural process of secure growth and development in the child can lead to negative implication for present and future psychological development.


Generation At Risk. Nov. 11, 2006. http://www.rainbows.org/statistics.html



Generation At Risk. Nov. 11, 2006. http://www.rainbows.org/statistics.html

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Child Abuse in the United

Words: 2728 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62744955

Most abuse is committed by parents, but stepparents also commit abuse, and this is another social factor that can lead to child abuse. Many sociologists believe that stepparents have less of a bond with stepchildren than their own children, and they may be led to abuse their stepchildren while they do not abuse their own children (Wilson & Daly, 1987, p. 217-220).

The Religious Theory

The religious theory of social cause cites control as a large cause of child abuse. From a very young age, the child is controlled by both the parents and the religious order. One sociological expert notes, "Believing parents do not merely indoctrinate their children on the virtues of their own religion. They warn their young against embracing other religions, against following their customs and beliefs" (Innaiah, 2003). Thus, children attend church from a very young age, and are controlled by their parents to attend church, believe in certain values and customs, and that anything else is wrong. Writer Innaiah cites several forms of child abuse that can result from religious practices and beliefs. They include: sexual abuse by priests in the Catholic Church that has been ignored or downplayed for decades, the condoning of female…… [Read More]

Gelles, R.J. & Lancaster, J.B. (Eds.). (1987). Child abuse and neglect: Biosocial dimensions. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.

Innaiah, N. (2003, Summer). Child abuse by religions: Children must be rescued from religion and restored to humanity. Free Inquiry, 23, 47+.
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Divorce on American Culture Divorce

Words: 2986 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53470039

5). While divorce can lead to safety for children and adults caught in violent and abusive relationships, it can also lead to increased violence down the line. Studies indicate that children who grow up in abusive situations often tend to become abusive themselves as adults, and this means that abuse and violence could continue to grow in our culture as these children grow up and continue the ongoing cycle of abuse and violence.


Another bedrock of American culture is religion, and divorce goes against many religious teachings. The freedom to worship any religion we please is a foundation of the country and our culture, and religious worship tends to go down in divorced families. Fagan and Rector continue, "Religious worship, which has been linked to health and happiness as well as longer marriages and better family life, is less prevalent in divorced families" (Fagan, and Rector). This means that religion could deteriorate in our culture, especially in religions that frown on divorce. Two other writers quote a child from a divorced family "My father was raised very Catholic and shortly after this had happened he stopped going to the Catholic Church because I feel he thought it is wrong…… [Read More]

Butler, Ian, et al. Divorcing Children: Children's Experience of Their Parents' Divorce. London: Jessica Kingsley, 2003.

Cozort, Larry a. "Is the Tax Court Becoming a Divorce Court? The Answer Could Change How the Innocent Spouse Rules Are Interpreted." Journal of Accountancy 195.2 (2003): 35+.
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Divorce Which by Definition Is the Final

Words: 952 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 734082

divorce, which by definition is the final termination of matrimonial union flanked by two parties and the legal process has to be followed, The research aims at bringing out the causes and the impact or effects of divorce by so doing the paper will highlight some causes and effects about the topic and then arguments supporting the ideas will be spell based on supporting references.

Divorce is the final termination of matrimonial union flanked by two parties, many at times the approval of court of law and in some cases other legal authorities are needed to authenticate this process. This process features many issues like spousal support, where children are involved we have child support and custody and finally we have distribution of property.

Subsequently to the refinement, marriage came to be well thought-out as a common bond that is among the non-Catholic expanses based on this ground civil authorities steadily asserted their power to diktat divorce as of all bonds of matrimony. In view of the fact that no guidelines were in place to point out the situations under which divorce could be granted, civil courts to a great extend embraced this foregoing conclusion of the member of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Pamela J. Smock, (1993) "The Economic Costs of Marital Disruption for Young Women over the Past Two Decades." Demography 30: 353-371.

Robert Coombs (1991), "Marital Status and Personal Well-Being" A Literature Review," Family Relations 40:97-102; I.M. Joung, et al.

Rowd, Alisha (2011), "Common Causes of Divorce." 3 Jan. 2008 EzineArticles.com. 8 Feb.
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Divorce the Break-Up of a Marriage Involving

Words: 411 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62605149


The break-up of a marriage involving children in the middle childhood stage is an increasingly frequent occurrence in modern society. Children experience these divorces in a variety of ways, depending on the quality of the relationship between the parents and children. Either way, the effect upon self-esteem could be significant. Children learn behavior patterns from parents. When parents face self-esteem issues from being unable to make their relationship work, this will undoubtedly affect children as well. Children might also blame themselves for the break-up of the marriage, and thus carry this often unnamed burden with them until adulthood. A divorce could therefore be a devastating thing for children, and careful attention should be paid to possible therapy options.

Parents that stay together regardless of endless conflict could be equally damaging for the development of self-esteem in middle childhood. Constant hostility and tension between parents could badly affect the growth of self-esteem in children. In conflict situations for example, insulting and degrading comments aimed at each partner result in self-esteem problems for both parents and children who identify with these parents. Furthermore, children could be one of the issues that parents are in conflict about. Children may thus mistakenly feel…… [Read More]

Kim, Lauren S. (April, 1997). "Locus of control as a stress moderator and mediator in children of divorce." In Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Plenum Publishing Corporation. From online database Findarticles.com.

Lengua, Liliana J. (December, 1996). "Self-regulation as a moderator of the relation between coping and symptomatology in children of divorce." In Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Plenum Publishing Corporation. From online database Findarticles.com.
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Divorce in the United Arab Emirates

Words: 1659 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14442798

Divorce in the United Arab Emirates

The Arab family can be described as pyramidally hierarchical, with regard to age, sex and extended. The Arab society marriage it is only designed and approved for procreation and parenting. Also, it is not regarded as a simple agreement between the two newly married, but rather as an agreement between their respective families. Hence, their marriage is carefully observed by their families and subjected to a number of severe regulations, strict procedures and boundaries meant to prevent its failure. However, marriage failure it is highly encountered in the Arab world in generally, and in the UAE it is recorded the highest divorce rate in the Arab golf. (El-Saadani, 2006). According to a study conducted by the Marriage Fund (2009) more than a fifth of the UAE marriages end up in divorce.

Aim and methodology

The aim behind conducting the present review is to present the divorce procedure in the UAE and to emphasize some of the major reasons of the divorce phenomenon in UAE and its impacts on both members of the family and society. There is little research literature that can be found on the divorce in the UAE topic, let alone its…… [Read More]

Al Gharaibeh, F., and Bromfield, N.F., (2012). An Analysis of Divorce Cases in the United Arab Emirates: A Rising Trend, Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 53(6), 436-452.

Al Jandaly, B. (2013). Divorce in the United Arab Emirates. International Family Law Online Website. Retrieved November 10, 2013 form  http://www.international-divorce.com/uae_divorce.htm 
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Divorce and Communication in the Past Few

Words: 1923 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42782162

Divorce and Communication

In the past few decades, divorces have become much more common than they traditionally were. Lack of communication has been identified by psychologists, marriage counselors, and clergy members as the main reason why families end in divorce. The last-reported U.S. divorce rate for a calendar year, available as of May, 2005, was .38% divorces per capita per year (National Center for Health Statistics, 2005). Since every divorce involves two people, the percentage becomes somewhat more meaningful if you double it; for example, .74% of the entire population gets divorced every year (National Center for Health Statistics, 2005). This paper will first analyze the divorce statistics in the United States, along with a discussion of the issue of communication as it relates to the reasons behind divorce, family breakups, conflict in marriage caused by different cultures, lack of friendship in a marriage, and what can be done to salvage a marriage before it ends in divorce. It will conclude with a summary of my personal thoughts and insights on improving my own interpersonal communication.

Research indicates that although the divorce rate in the United States appears to be very high, this statistic has actually decreased in comparison to…… [Read More]

Boland, J.P. & Follingstad, D.R. (1987). The relationship between communication and marital satisfaction: a review. J Sex Marital Ther. 13(4), 286-313.

Dreyfus, Edward. (2002). Making your Marriage Work. Retrieved June 28, 2005 from  http://www.planetpsych.com/psychology101/relationships/making_marriage_work.htm .
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Child Abuse in Adults Some

Words: 2155 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24536863

Director Martin Teicher of the Developmental Biophsychiatry Research Program at McLean said that maltreatment in childhood can effect changes in brain function and structure. A child's brain continues to develop throughout childhood and adolescence. His interactions with the environment create effects, which stabilize in puberty and adulthood. These experiences determine how the child will be wired. The four types of cranial abnormalities, which are permanent, are limbic irritability, arrested development of the left hemisphere, deficient integration between the left and the right hemispheres, and increased vermal activity.

The McLean researchers investigated 253 adults in an outpatient mental health clinic. More than half of them reported a history of physical or sexual abuse in childhood. The researchers found that those who were abused as children scored higher in the Limbic System Checklist. The finding provided evidence that abuse in childhood caused electrical impulses when limbic cells communicate. This results in seizures, indicating limbic irritability. Follow-up studies of 115 children showed that those who were subjected to abuse were twice as likely to suffer from abnormalities in the left hemisphere. These abnormalities were associated with more self-destructive behavior and more aggression.

Studies also offer evidence of deficient development of the left brain…… [Read More]

White, H.R. And Widom, C.S. (2008). Three potential mediators of the effects of child abuse and neglect in adulthood substance use among women. Journal of Studies in Alcohol: Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc. Retrieved on April 16, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6378/is_3_69/ai_n29433594/?tag=content;col1

White, R and Giorgadze, A. (2006). Verbal abuse and witnessing violence in childhood are highly associated with psychiatric symptoms. Medscape Psychiatry & Mental

Health: Medscape. Retrieved on April 16, 2009 from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticles/544078
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Fathers and Child Custody the

Words: 3251 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22234766

Most courts filter their decisions through very basic factors or criteria (Rajeer, 2011). The parent's mental and physical capacity to raise the child is one. Who the primary caregiver is between the parents is another. Who decides on his social interaction activities, handles an emergency, has better finances, and helps the child accomplish daily tasks are other criteria. A child, especially a young one, is exposed to trauma during the divorce process. Sometimes, the court assigns a psychologist to establish some routine and order for the child to cope. If the child is mature or old enough, the court considers his or her opinion. The father must thoroughly understand the physical and legal custody and their difference. If he gets sole custody, he should be aware that missing child support will not divest him of custody rights. But any form of misconduct against the child or the mother can be a ground for the court to withdraw sole custody permanently (Rajeer).

At What Age can a Child Choose?

Parents elicit their child's opinion during divorce procedures in the hope of gaining the court's favor to their respective end (Ellerbe, 2009). At other times, the child himself volunteers and initiates the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Rajeev, L. (2011). Child custody rights for fathers. Buzzle: Buzzle.com. Retrieved on November 29, 2011 from  http://www.buzzle.com/articles/child-custody-rights-for-fathers.html 

Waddington, M. (2007). Fathers fighting for custody. Ezine: Ezine Articles. Retrieved on November 29, 2011 from http://ezinearticles.com/?Fathers-Fighting-For-Custody-Prepare-to-Win-Family-Court&id=1425718

White, T. (2011). How fathers can win custody. eHow: Demand Media, Inc. Retrieved on November 29, 2011 from http://www.ehow.com/how_7552299_fathers-can-win-custody.html
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Study About Child Development

Words: 886 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23395224

deduce the effects of parenting on the process of coping for a child, as parents take divorces or get separated. The data sample includes children aged between 9 to 12 years. These effects are being reviewed by studying the changes induced by intervention in a mother-child relationship quality and discipline (Ve'lez, Wolchik, Tein, & Sandler, 2011).

The article explains that children are more prone to the risk of getting mental health problems if they suffer from psychosocial stressors. In the presence of these stressors, such mental health problems can be avoided if the coping efforts are more active and engaging. Coping efficacy or the belief in one's self of being able to positively negotiate with the effects of emotional traumas and situations also plays a positive part in keeping at bay the development of mental health problems. It is mentioned that several factors can aid in developing an effective coping process in a child, which can be the increasing influence of parents on their children by means of interaction and coaching. This study focuses on the linkage of the mother-child relationship quality and discipline, with the active and avoidant coping efforts.

Since the mother-child relationship provides the child with more…… [Read More]

Ve'lez, C.E., Wolchik, S.A., Tein, J.-Y., & Sandler, I. (2011). Protecting Children From the Consequences of Divorce: A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Parenting on Children's Coping Processes. Child Development, January/February, Volume 82, Number 1., Pages 244 -- 257.
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Family Violence and PTSD Children

Words: 5408 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21707001

Not all physical force can be characterized as violence, and not all violence is created equal. There are numerous controversies regarding definitions of violence and abuse and no clear consensus among researchers on how to characterize acts as one or the other. Presumably, there should be commonalities among different types of violence so that all can be characterized first as violence, and yet some violence is socially approved and so would be placed in a separate category. Even the issue of whether it should be assumed that there are many different kinds of violence is controversial, with some holding that violence is violence in any setting and at any time. At the same time, while there are important differences among the different forms of family violence, all may be caused by similar social and psychological factors. Research has shown that the some forms of violence are more damaging than others but that all may be linked in terms of etiological factors. Society has responded to these issues by passing laws against child abuse and spouse abuse, but at times mixed signals are sent by laws and legal actions. Women who are abused are seen to be victims, but at some…… [Read More]

Anderson, S.A. & Cramer-Benjamin, D.B. (1999). The impact of couple violence on parenting and children: An overview and clinical implications. American Journal of Family Therapy, 27(1), 1-19.

Arias, I., and Johnson, P.J. (1986). Evaluations of physical aggression in marriage. Paper presented at the 20th Annual Convention of the Association for Behavior Therapy, Chicago, Illinois.
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Economic Setbacks Facing Single Mothers With Children Obstacles

Words: 1633 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50071186


When someone is asked to give examples of heroines in society today, the picture that immediately comes to a mind is that of renowned athletes, authors, or politicians; rarely would anyone include single mothers in their list of heroines. One could then ask, how would one describe a person who is a nursemaid during the day, a mother by night, and the sole breadwinner who has to attend to the bills and ensure her kids have something to eat, as well as "decent clothing so they can go to school and look like they belong to somebody" (Huda, 2001, p. 341)? Single mothers are heroines in their own way, but sadly, they also happen to be a vulnerable population that runs a high risk of poor physical and mental health. Their lifestyle forces them to take up the role of a mother as well as that of a father. This, coupled with society's negativity, imposes significant psychological, emotional, and spiritual setbacks - the effects of which have been enumerated in the subsequent sections of this text.

Psychological/Physical Effects

i) To the Single Mother

Empirical literature suggests that, compared to mothers in two-parent households, single mothers seek out professional mental…… [Read More]

Atkins, R. (2010). Self-Efficacy and the Promotion of Health for Depressed Single Mothers. Mental Health in Family Medicine, 7(3), 155-168.

Bramlett, M.D. & Blumberg, S.J. (2007). Health: Children in Single Mother and Grandparent-Only Families have Poorer Health than Children Living with Two Biological Parents. Health Affairs, 26(2), 549-558.
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How Divorce Affect Young Children and Teenagers for a Sociology Class

Words: 1102 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 135539

Divorce Affects Children and Teenagers

This paper presents a discussion about how divorce affects children and teenagers. The writer takes a sociological path in exploring the long-term affects on the individuals and then how that related to society. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

During the last four decades the divorce rate began to climb not only in America but also across the globe. As families began to live in separate houses researchers took on the task of studying the affects of the divorce on children and teenagers (Dunn, 1999). Now, four decades later the results are in and the experts agree divorce has an undeniable negative impact on children and teenagers. This is not to say the negative impact cannot be counterbalanced but it must be recognized as a given for groups of people affected by divorce if the world wants to correct the affects from a sociological point-of-view (Dunn, 1999).

Studies have concluded that children and teenagers of divorce are more likely to suffer from mental health problems when they reach adulthood. One recent study used hundreds adults with known mental health issues whose parents had divorced before they were 17 years old. It is…… [Read More]

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Rising Divorce Rates the Need for and

Words: 5699 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42134240

Rising Divorce Rates

The Need for and Purpose of the Project

The Sub-problems

Couples Therapy

Prevention Therapy

Impact of Divorce on Children

Chapter 5-Conclusions, Summary and Recommendations,

The Need for and the Purpose of the Project

Divorce has become popular throughout the many years it has existed and divorce rates continue to increase. More than a million people a year get a divorce (Tucker-Ladd 35). Young couples are more commonly known to get a divorce, than those who have been married for two or three years (35). Forty percent of men and fifty percent of women are divorced before that age of thirty (35). About fifteen to twenty percent of people ages 35 to 55 are now currently divorced (35). About twenty percent of marriages last less than fifteen years (35). Recent statistics say that sixty-five to seventy percent of new marriages will fail (35).

There is one thing in this world which you must never forget to do. Human beings come into this world to do particular work. That work is their purpose, and each is specific to the person. Of you forget everything else and not this, there's nothing to worry about. If you remember everything else and…… [Read More]

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Kung San Trial Marriages and U S Divorce

Words: 1383 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9037690

Kung San Trial Marriages and U.S. Divorce Rates.

The!Kung San are a hunter-gatherer people that inhabit the Kalahari desert in Africa. They are the Bushmen who have managed to live a contented, self-governed life while the rest of the world has sprung up around them in a mass of technology and dysfunction. They live a community life where the economy is based on sharing and "among the first words a child learns are na ("give it to me") and ihn ("take this")" (Shostak 2000:44) giving outsiders the impression of a quaint carefree nomadic life.

Nevertheless there are many similarities shared between Americans and the!Kung San, some of which are as simple as equal love for their children, to the interesting arrangements of a 'trial marriage'. A!Kung trial marriage could be acquainted with people living together before getting married, or cohabiting as part of a condition before marriage, depending on religious or multi-cultural backgrounds.

Such similarities are also present in 'de facto unions' where "trial' unions are common among those planning to marry in the future, but on the condition that they have the experience of a union without a marriage bond. This is a kind of "conditioned stage" for marriage,…… [Read More]

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Effects of Homosexual Parents on Children

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52426995

Homosexual Parents on Children

Conversations around the appropriateness of homosexual parents adopting, having or even raising children pose the argument of the effects on the children. However, research of the effects is rare, as well as limited in the direct topic. To follow is a review of key pieces of literature discussing the concepts of diverse family environments and the effects the environments.

Evidence supports the knowledge that children do not learn how to be homosexual by interacting and upbringing by homosexual parents. In fact, more research leads to the belief that children of homosexual families have a broader understanding of sexuality and awareness, and most information points to a heterosexual environment in the learning process (Gabb, 2004). Suggesting that learning environments need more diversity, yet there is the stigmatic thought that "social codes of decency" (Gabb, 2004) are "universal truths and normality's" (Gabb, 2004) of what would be deemed as natural Christian-based forms of sexual behavior. While a household maybe diverse in sexual orientation, children of a homosexual relationship continue to learn and be aware of the complexities of same sex relationships (Wyers, 1987). Children learn the complexities of terminology and discrimination of roles within a household from the…… [Read More]

Patterson, C. (2009). Children of lesbian and gay parents: Psychology, law, and policy. American Psychologist, 64(8), 727-736. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.64.8.727.

Savin-Williams, R., & Dube, E. (1998). Parental Reactions to Their Child's Disclosure of a Gay / Lesbian Identity. (cover story). Family Relations, 47(1), 7-13.

Wyers, N. (1987). Homosexuality in the Family: Lesbian and Gay Spouses. Social Work, 32(2), 143-148.
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Effects of Domestic Violence on Children

Words: 4184 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6389413

Domestic Violence on Children

Many people throughout the world have traditionally believed that women's natural roles were as mothers and wives and considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking than for involvement in the public life of business or politics. This popular belief that women were somehow intellectually inferior to men, based in large part on religious authority, has led many societies throughout the world to limit women's education to learning domestic skills and relegating them to a second-class citizen status. By and large, the world has been run by well-educated, upper-class men who controlled most positions of employment and power in these societies and to a large extent continue to do so today. While the status of women today varies dramatically in different countries and, in some cases, among groups within the same country, such as ethnic groups or economic classes, women continue to experience the effects of this oppressive religious dogma as it relates to their lives. Violence against women in many cases is legitimized by religious authority which gives men the legal authority to discipline women. When domestic violence spills over into the mistreatment of children, though, there are other and more fundamental issues…… [Read More]

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Children in Dysfunctional Families the

Words: 1730 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67754779

We are essentially powerless to prevent all dysfunctions - but, the mental health and social support structures within communities have the responsibility to do as much as they possibly can to promote healthy family life for all. This support often involves early identification of dysfunctional families, counseling, disruption of negative patterns. The schools, churches, hospitals and any other institution both public and private have a responsibility to reach out and try to help those who are suffering - and often that suffering must be alleviated at the source, the dysfunctional family.


Abell, Troy D., et al. "The Effects of Family Functioning on Infant Birthweight." Journal of Family Pratice 32.1 (1991): 37(8).

Hamamci, Zeynep. "Dysfunctional relationship beliefs in parent-late adolescent relationship and conflict resolution behaviors." College Student Journal 41.1 (2007): 122(16).

Hillis, Susan D., et al. "Adverse Childhood Experiences and Sexual Risk Behaviors in Women: A Retrospective Study." Family Planning Perspectivesq 33.5 (2001): 206(5).

Martin, Don and Maggie Martin. "Understanding Dysfunctional and Functional Family Behaviors for the at-Risk Adolescent." Adolescence 35.140 (2000): 785(4).

University, Texas Women's. Dysfunctional Families: Recognizing and Overcoming Their Effects. 1 August 2007. 10 October 2008 http://www.twu.edu/O-SL/COUNSELING/Self-Help018.html.

Wilkins, Stephanie C., Olivia W. Kendrick and Kathleen R. Stitt.…… [Read More]

Abell, Troy D., et al. "The Effects of Family Functioning on Infant Birthweight." Journal of Family Pratice 32.1 (1991): 37(8).

Hamamci, Zeynep. "Dysfunctional relationship beliefs in parent-late adolescent relationship and conflict resolution behaviors." College Student Journal 41.1 (2007): 122(16).