Chronicle Higher Education Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Teaching Type: Essay Paper: #61313503 Related Topics: Higher Education, School Funding, Military Training, Dental
Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … chronicle of higher education in the United States reveals a significant development that has taken place in higher educational systems between 1840 and 1900. The Land Grant Act is one of the major steps for the development of higher education that encourages the development of fields such as engineering and agriculture. The period also recorded a sweeping development of the curriculum to match the education system. Many higher institutions were established in 1890 and the period was the time women were encouraged to receive higher education. (Geiger, 2014).

Objective of this paper is to explore the chronicle of higher education between 1840 and 1900.

Chronicle of Higher Education 1840-1900

1862 - The U.S. government promulgated the Land-Grant Act to form land grant colleges that specialized in engineering and agriculture

1890- The Morrill Act was promulgated to provide federal funding for the Land Act program and land grant colleges

1867- The government established the Howard University in Washington

1880 -1890 only handful of higher institutions in the U.S. had a legitimate claim of being a real university

1890 This was the time that opened the floodgate for the establishments of new colleges and universities

1870-1897 the number of universities in the United States reached 821

1870s The University of Carolina enrolled both colored and white students for the first time

1880-1890 higher educational institutions were unregulated industry

1890-1899. several private universities were established

1887-1900 The Congress passed a legislation to expand the field of Engineering, Agriculture and military training in higher institutions

1890-1900. The number of specializations and disciplines in the universities increased greatly

1890-1900 the era of the university building...

...

economy

1900 Fourteen universities in the United States agreed to form the AAU (Association of American Universities) (Goldin, and Lawrence 1999).

College Founded between 1840 and 1900

1841-Fordham University

1842-Ohio Wesleyan University

1843-University of Delaware

1846-University of Buffalo

1847-State University of Iowa

1848-University of Mississippi

1859-University of Wisconsin

1850-University of Dayton

1850-University of Utah

1855-Pennsylvania State University

1855-Bates College

1865-Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1869-University of California

1876-Johns Hopkins University

1883-University of Texas

Prediction of Future Trend at University of California

The University of California was established in 1869 with only 38 students and 10 faculty members. At present, the university can boast of 233,000 students with more than 190,000 faculty member as well as 1.7 million alumni members working and living around the globe. For more than 150 years, the University of California has expanded its horizons and become one of the best universities in the world. The university attracts people from all backgrounds and more than 40% of the university undergraduates are from California City, who comes from low-income families.

Women Education

In 1840s, women were discouraged from pursuing education because the community considered that it was not natural for women to pursue higher education. At that period, women were considered men property. However, in 1848s, the Seneca Falls Convention was organized to improve women education. The convention had a little impact because majority of men in the convention still believe that women were men property rather a unique individual in the society. (Thelin, 2011). However, the convention still had a symbolic effect because it created a foundation for the women education in the United States. In 1862, the Congress passed the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act aimed to establish universities that would educate both women and men. Despite the promulgation of this law, women education was solely in the field of home economics. By 1870s, 13% of higher institutions in the United…

Sources Used in Documents:

Reference

Geiger, R.L. (2014). The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II Princeton. Princeton University Press.

Goldin, C. And Lawrence F.K. (1999). The Shaping of Higher Education: The Formative Years in the United States, 1890 to 1940. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 13(1): 37-62.

Snyder, T.D. (1993). 120 Years of American Education: A Statistical Portrait. Center for Education Statistics.

Nguyen, T. Samayoa, A.C. Commodore, F. et al. (2013).The Changing Face of Historically Black Colleges and Universities. University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education


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