Classroom Bullying Term Paper

Length: 9 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Children Type: Term Paper Paper: #37717217 Related Topics: Truancy, Teen Dating Violence, Bullying, Stanford Prison Experiment
Excerpt from Term Paper :


The incidents of April 20, 1999 from Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado put bullying into a new perspective. Two students, Dylan Klebold and Ryan Harris, who were, for all intents, intelligent and well adjusted went on a killing spree. They killed and injured several members of the school including a teacher. (Rosenberg, 2000) Then they turned the guns on themselves. Their plans were grandiose. After the massacre, they intended to flee the country. Once the furor had died down, new information showed that the two students were generally reticent, withdrawn and subjected to bullying by their peers, especially the physically stronger students. Klebold and Harris were emotionally and physically abused. Isolated, they developed a hatred for their fellow students. This manifested in initial thoughts of suicide and then murder. Stories abound about bullying turned to tragedy abound. The Columbine incident was the biggest and got the most coverage.

Bullying (or its less physical form, teasing) are forms of personal harassment. In this work, bullying (teasing) will be explored. Personal harassment is any behavior that is unacceptable to the recipient. Such behavior creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment for work, study or social life. In trying to understand bullying and sexual harassment, it is important to realize that it may only be about the assertion of power. Bullying can come from physical manifestations of deep physical inadequacies.

Bullying is the misuse of power -- or in the case of classrooms, physical strength or vanity. Bullies abuse power physically, either psychologically, or sexually. Bullying manifests in criticisms and condemnations. This can be verbal or physical. No matter what the form, bullying is designed to humiliate and undermine. The victim becomes fearful. The victim also loses confidence. A victim's distress about an attack (verbal or physical) fuels a bully's sense of importance. It acts as a catalyst for future instances of abuse. For instance, bullying occurs to establish a pecking order. Academic bullying has been defined as: "asserting a position of intellectual superiority in an aggressive, abusive or offensive manner, threats of academic failure, public sarcasm." Among students in schools, bullying generally differs between boys and girls. Among boys, bullying is generally physical. The stronger more athletic types will prey on those who are seen as social misfits or those that pursue solely academic interests. Among girls, bullying is generally emotional. Girls will more often isolate the victim emotionally by spreading rumors and isolation. (NCES, 2000) Physical abuse is also known to occur among girls. The fine line between bullying and sexual harassment is often blurred when the bully is the boy and the bullied happens to be a girl. (Gropper and Froschl., 2000) Such bullying is generally in the form of unwanted physical contact. These attacks on the individual are normally sudden, irrational, unpredictable and usually unfair. Besides physical, verbal and emotional bullying, sexual bullying includes above as well as exhibitionism, voyeurism, sexual propositioning, sexual harassment, and abuse involving actual physical contact and sexual assault.

If left unchecked or unaddressed, bullying and teasing during childhood may develop into dysfunctional behaviors that are detrimental to society and to the person. It can lead the aggressor to a feeling of abused power, especially if the victims do not retaliate for fear of further aggression or for loss of financial or social status. Bullying and teasing are harmful to the classroom environment by hindering the delivery of instruction and the social development of students. Some attempts have been made to link bullying and teasing at the elementary school grades to sexual harassment behaviors during adult life, there is no solid evidence that sexual harassment is one of the resultant dysfunctional behaviors. (Yanez-Perez, 1999). Statistics indicate bullies identified after the age of seven are six times likelier than non-bullies to be convicted of a crime by age 24. The number decreases to about four times by age 30.

The bully's characteristics are borne more out of character and attitude than any attribute that is superficially obvious. A bully values aggression; because, for the bully it creates a sense of self. Bullies generally lack any kind of empathy for the victim. They also lack conscience. There is a firm belief that is common to bullies that the victim deserved the attack. A bully likes to dominate. Bullies often lack specific social skills such as seeing the point-of-view of other learning disabilities are at greater risk of being targeted. All students, but particularly those who are targeted, might greatly benefit from life skills development to broaden their repertoire of responses in social situations and conflict.

The third group of children in bullying situation is bystanders. They choose not to take, often fear the attack will spread to them. They are often guilt ridden. Occasionally, they join in. 75-85% of students are not directly involved in bullying. They can be powerful forces in changing bullying behavior in schools. Teaching students to safely utilize the power of the "caring majority" is essential in engaging the whole school population in efforts to counteract bullying.

Parents or significant role models of bullies often model aggression. At home, punishments may be harsh and/or abusive. If not aggressive themselves, families may be permissive and tolerant of the children's aggressive behavior or inconsistent and/or unable to set clear limits. Without intervention, bullies establish patterns of antisocial thinking. They are unlikely to feel empathy toward others, and unlikely to recognize their own pain as well. Bullies have trouble expressing anger appropriately. They are frequently in need of disciplinary action for aggression, are more likely to commit other anti-social acts such as truancy, fighting, theft, intoxication, and vandalism, and drop out of school more frequently than their peers. In the United States, 20-25% of school children are directly involved in bully-target problems. In one Midwestern study, 20% of fourth through eighth graders reported academic difficulties resulting from bullying. Targets are far more likely to bring a weapon to school than children who are not targets. 29% of targets nationally have brought weapons to schools. Schools that address bullying effectively can create a more than 50% reduction in aggressive behaviors. These schools also see a decrease in other types of undesirable activity such as truancy, vandalism, shoplifting and underage drinking.

The Stanford Experiment was one such testament to the abuse of power. (Bleuel, 1973) Harassment arose from a power rush -- that a human being could be completely controlled, in mind and body.

As contradictory as it may sound, parents, teachers, and caregivers can play a role in fostering and encouraging bullying behavior. Parents who reward aggressive behavior and are unusually unfair disciplinarians produce a child that grows in a threatening environment (Goleman, 1995) Adults who use sarcastic and verbally abusive language when they talk to children are models for behavior, which is then reproduced by the children in their interactions. Most often, bullies seem to be children without positive reinforcement for displaying caring, empathic behavior. As is often the case, those who sexually or physically abuse have been at the receiving end of the same.

Sexual harassment is one form of bullying that has perhaps, the most serious and long-term consequences. Although large groups of both boys and girls report experiencing harassment, girls are more likely to report being negatively affected by it. 83% of girls and 79% of boys report having ever experienced harassment. The number of boys reporting experiences with harassment often or occasionally has increased since 1993 (56% vs. 49%), although girls are still somewhat more likely to experience it. 76% of students have experienced non-physical harassment while 58% have experienced physical harassment. Non-physical harassment includes taunting, rumors, graffiti, jokes or gestures. One-third of all students report experiencing physical harassment "often or occasionally." The statistics for "bullying takes the form of sexual harassment" are as follows: sexual rumors (75%); pulled off or down clothing in a sexual way (74%); allegations of homosexuality in both sexes (73%); forced to do something sexual other than kissing (72%); voyeurism in dressing rooms and shower rooms (69%). These statistics are specific to school situations.…

Sources Used in Documents:


Berman, H., et al. "Sexual Harassment: The Unacknowledged Face of Violence in the Lives of Girls." The Best Interests of the Girl Child. Eds. H. Berman and Y. Jiwani. London, ON: The Alliance of Five Research Centres on Violence., 2002. 15-44.

Bleuel, Hans Peter. Sex and Society in Nazi Germany. Philadelphia,: Lippincott, 1973.

Congress. An Act Concerning Bullying Behavior in Schools and Concerning the Pledge of Allegiance. Washington, D.C: House of Congress, 2002.

Fried, S., and P. Fried. Bullies and Victims: Helping Your Child through the Schoolyard Battlefield. New York, NY: M. Evans & Co., Inc., 1996. October 17, 2003. October 17, 2003. October 17, 2003. October, 23 2003.

Cite this Document:

"Classroom Bullying" (2003, October 17) Retrieved June 30, 2022, from

"Classroom Bullying" 17 October 2003. Web.30 June. 2022. <>

"Classroom Bullying", 17 October 2003, Accessed.30 June. 2022,

Related Documents
Bullying School Bullying and Academic
Words: 1420 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 18102899

Peters suggests that a no-nonsense and zero-tolerance approach to implicit tolerance and emphasizes the need to pursue complaints as far up the school administration chain of command as necessary to achieve results. Similarly, Peters confirms the conclusions of other researchers and experts in the field of school psychology that bullying affects victims profoundly and presents specific problems with regard to maintaining high academic performance and also with respect to

Bullying Has Become Life Threatening for Most
Words: 1694 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 51094867

bullying has become life threatening for most of the people, bullying prevention programs should be implemented to control and ultimately eliminate bullying from our society. Definition of Bullying: (Wright, 2004). "Because the bullying has become life threatening for most of the people, bullying prevention programs should be implemented to control and ultimately eliminate bullying from our society." Scope of paper: How's: Why's: What's: Who's: Impact: Scope of Bullying Problem: (University of Colorado, 2012); (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.). Worldwide: (University

Bullying and Education
Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 29693442

Education and Bullying -- Argumentative Research Paper Bullying and Education Education and Bullying Argumentative Research Paper The purpose of the research in this work is to answer the question, "Does bullying effect an individual's education? First bullying will be defined in the perimeter of the educational environment. The author of this work takes the stance that bullying does most positively affect an individual in terms of their quality of education and in fact does

Bullying Is Not a New Phenomenon in
Words: 1040 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 33582011

Bullying is not a new phenomenon in the social lives of school-aged children but in recent years a great deal more attention has been paid to bullying because of the apparent rise in the number of publicized incidents. Teachers, parents, school administrators, community leaders and social scientists are on the alert not just for bullies, but also for methods of prevention. This paper uses scholarly research articles to review and

Bullying and Strategies for Prevention
Words: 5315 Length: 16 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 89310391

More and more children are becoming victims of cyberbullying with an estimated range of between 19% and 42% being bullied online at least one time (Wolak, Mitchell & Finkelhor, 2006). Reports also indicate that children who participated in traditional bullying are becoming increasingly more involved in cyberbullying; reflecting very high percentages of those children acting as cyber bullies (Kowalski & Limber, 2007). In a recent study of 177 seventh grade

Bullying Amongst Kids Bullying Among
Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 52981581

These by standers usually come in form of cheerleaders, protector for the victim and the silent onlookers. It is worth noting that all those involved in the chain, and even those not directly mentioned here still get affected by the vice of bullying. It is therefore important to look at what forms of conflict are manifest from a bullying scenario and experience among the little children in school. There is