Teen Dating Violence Essays Examples

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Teen Abuse Recognizing the Signs

Words: 1717 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88253660

& Naugle, A. (2008). Intimate partner violence theoretical considerations: Moving towards a contextual framework. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(7), 1096-1107.

Eckhardt, C.; Jamison, T.R. & Watts, K. (2002). Anger Experience and Expression Among Male Dating Violence Perpetrators During Anger Arousal. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17(10), 1102-1114.

Eckhardt, C.; Samper, R. & Murphy, C. (2008). Anger disturbances among perpetrators of intimate partner violence: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of court-mandated treatment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(11), 1600-1617.

Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J. (2010). Controversies Involving Gender and Intimate Partner Violence: Response to Commentators. Sex Roles, 62(3-4), 221-225.

Palo Alto Medical Facilities (PAMF). (2010). Abusive Romantic Relationships. PAMF.org.

Smith, M. & Segal, J.…… [Read More]

Bell, K. & Naugle, A. (2008). Intimate partner violence theoretical considerations: Moving towards a contextual framework. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(7), 1096-1107.

Eckhardt, C.; Jamison, T.R. & Watts, K. (2002). Anger Experience and Expression Among Male Dating Violence Perpetrators During Anger Arousal. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17(10), 1102-1114.
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Dating Culture in the 1950s

Words: 2386 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92711778

Young people had always danced as a means of socializing with one another. However, prior to the 1950s, it was considered appropriate for a girl to dance with a variety of partners, even if she came to a dance with a particular young man. By the mid-1950s, views changed, and it was considered insulting to cut-in on someone else's date (Sombat). In addition, rock and roll, which featured more suggestive lyrics than prior forms of music, seemed to encourage casual sexual contact between men and women. Rock music has only grown more suggestive with time, as have rock stars, helping create a popular culture that thrives on marketing sexuality.

Part of these changing attitudes was reflected in the sexual behavior of teenagers in the 1950s. Modern people have an image of the 1950s as a chaste and innocent time. However, sexual relations changed dramatically in the 1950s, even before the sexual revolution of the 1960s. First, it became more acceptable to engage in mild public displays of affection, such as kissing, hugging or hand holding (Sombat). However, it was the increased privacy that dating couples enjoyed in the 1950s that really led to an increase in sexual behavior among teens.…… [Read More]

Burzumato, Skip. "A Brief History of Courtship and Dating in America, Part 2." Boundless

Webzine. N.p. 8 Mar. 2007. Web. 26 Oct. 2010.
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Technology and the Effect on Dating in the U S

Words: 1803 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21067033

dating in the United States, and how technology has affected dating in the last 50 years. Specifically, it will express the impact of technology over the past 50 years on dating patterns of "young adults" (ages 13-30 depending on the social norm of the decade). Dating has always been a ritual for young adults to find themselves and discover their sexuality while trying out potential long-term mates. Today, dating, and how young people date, has changed considerably due to advances in technology. Technology has changed dating tremendously in the last 50 years, and yet, one thing remains the same. Dating is a young adult ritual that helps prepare them for the relationships of adulthood, and that, no matter what changes on the outside, will continue to be a constant in dating today, and in the future.

Technology and its Affect on Dating in the U.S.

It is not surprising that dating in the United States has altered in the last 50 years, what may be more surprising is that it has not altered more. With the great advances America has seen in technology in the last half-decade, it is surprising dating has not become even more evolved and involved than…… [Read More]

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Teens and the Media One

Words: 4544 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39988476

The extreme power of this new cultural tool is the very nature -- it depends on nothing but an electronic connection. it, like many things in the modern world, is instantaneous, satisfying the 21st century need to have both dependence and independence based on our own decision or whim. Therein lies the confusion for many -- just how real is an electronic friendship that can exist without really "knowing" the person physically? How robust are virtual relationships except in the mind of those participating? and, how do we know with whom we are actually chatting or forming a bond -- could the mother of three living in Scotland be something quite different on the Internet? and, specifically, what impact might these social networks from a psychological perspective? (Gross, 2004).

Besides community, technology has changed entertainment for teens. Violence in the entertainment genre is not something that is new to the 20th century. If we think back on history, examples are rife regarding different societies and their use of violence, all which were available for children. However, over the past century or so, the entire culture of media has changed so dramatically that heavier exposure to violence is available to teens…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ahn, J. (2011). Digital Divides and Social Network Sites: Which Students Participate in Social

Media. Jounral of Educational Computing Research, 45(2), 147-63.
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Human Relationships - Adolescent Dating

Words: 1161 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56054185


S1 - No

S2 - No

S3 - No

Rational - This question is intended to determine whether other forms of abuse occur within teenage social relationship even more frequently than actual physical abuse or face-to-face verbal abuse. Had any of the subjects answered affirmatively, that would have suggested specific follow-up questions to explore the issues raised.

6. Have any of your friends ever been the victim of stalking-type of behavior? If yes, through what medium (in person, by phone, via Internet, etc.)? Also, how many people do you know personally who have ever been victimized in this way?

S1 - Yes; four

S2 - Yes; two

S3 - Yes; four

Rational - This question provides a comparison to the subjects in the Claiborne study.

It also expands the anecdotal data to include three separate peer groups.

7. Have you ever before (today) discussed the issue of violence or abuse in relationships with your parents or other adults?

S1 - No

S2 - No

S3 - No Rational - This question provides an indication of whether or not subjects who are aware of violence and abuse issues in relationships among their peers seek advice or counseling from adults in…… [Read More]

Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2005)

Psychology and Life 18th edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
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Domestic Violence Prevention as it

Words: 2314 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33807469

Domestic violence poses serious mental and physical health risks. In fact, it is estimated that" more than 1.5 million women nationwide seek medical treatment for injuries related to abuse each year" (Stark, 2001, p. 347(Tomison, 2003)). Those who are abused can experience mental health issues, such as anxiety attacks, posttraumatic stress disorder, chronic depression, acute stress disorder, and suicidal thoughts and ideation (Tomison, 2003)."

Domestic violence in America comes with an annual $R44 million price tag with more than 20,000 hospital stays and 40,000 doctor visits each year (Tomison, 2003).

One of the issues that literature has uncovered is a lack of services or resources for women who are the victim of abuse by their domestic partner.

Shelters and batterer's intervention programs are often geographically inaccessible and not community based (Asbury, 1987; Williams & Becker, 1994; Williams-Campbell, 1993). Inaccessible services are less likely to be used despite the need. Transportation constraints, lack of money to get to appointments, and fear of entering a perceived hostile environment often result in a decreased likelihood of victims including African-Americans keeping appointments and fully participating in services (Tomison, 2003)."

Research has also uncovered issues that individuals have with seeking help for domestic violence issues…… [Read More]

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.(2004) Perceptions of domestic violence: a dialogue with African-American women. Health and Social Work

Tomison, Adam M (2003)an analysis of current Australian program initiatives for children exposed to domestic violence. Australian Journal of Social Issues
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Teenager's Guide to the Real

Words: 2549 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6944850

This section is followed by another, referring to the spiritual life. The author also provides advice in this area, in order to help seniors with certain aspects.

The article is quite easy to be understood by anyone, it is written from a personal perspective and experience, backed by the psychological professional formation of the author. The author divides the article into clear sections, each of them addressing a specific subject of high importance.

The article successfully manages to clarify certain aspects that usually raise questions from seniors or from other age categories. The advice provided by the author is very pertinent and it covers a wide range of issues.

3. Life without television

Television is an important part of most people's lives. Its benefits have become so obvious and so important that a series of studies and analyses have been performed in order to establish the power and the influence of television on its viewers.

The subject determined a series of periodicals and specialized websites to develop articles in the field. Such an article was presented on the Live Science website, was written by Clara Moskowitz and is entitled "Out There: People Who Live without TV."

The article mainly aims…… [Read More]

1. Brain, M. (1997). Relationships Are Random. The Teenager's Guide to the Real World. BYG Publishing, Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2010 from http://www.bygpub.com/books/tg2rw/chap10excerpt.htm.

2. Coping With Old Age (1996). Seniors Site. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from http://seniors-site.com/coping/old_age.html.

3. Moskowitz, C. (2008). Out There: People Who Live without TV. Live Science. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from http://www.livescience.com/culture/080904-no-tv.html.
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Discrimination Against Women in California

Words: 2552 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10108592

Indeed, the most serious health issue related to domestic violence of course is mortality, and the California Women's Law Center (CWLC) conducted a survey of 100 murders of women by their male intimate partners. The results are very germane for those interested in health-related gender fairness through the law in California.

CWLC found that in 59% of the surveyed cases of women homicide victims the murder was not the first abusive episode; and a "history of threats to the victims' life" by the killer was available in 47% of the cases. Because seeking a "restraining order" and/or domestic violence services increases a victim's safety in many cases, 68% of abused murder victims "...never obtained, or attempted to obtain, a protective order against their abusive partner" (CWLC, 2003). Just 20% of those women killed by intimate partners had an active restraining order against their abuser at the time they were murdered.

But where were the family members when it came to protecting the health of these women? CWLC writes that in 76% of the cases involving "a history of abuse," friends, neighbors, co-workers and family members were aware of the violence in the relationship. In 56% of the cases where women…… [Read More]

Austin, Emily. "Teen Dating Violence and School Response." California Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved 10 Dec. 2008 at http://www.CWLC.org.

Bellasalma, Patricia. "Taking a Close Look at Prop. 4, Californians Will Vote No as they Have Two Times When Similar Measures Were on the Ballot." California Progress Report. Retrieved 10 Dec. 2008, at http://www.californiaprogressreport.com.(2008).
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Lessons From Littleton There Are

Words: 1466 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20017385

And as to reportedly lax laws that make it reasonably easy to purchase a weapon at a gun show, Kleck asserts "...determined killers who plan their murders over a long period of time are the people least likely to be blocked from getting a gun by background checks." The perpetrators who are "most strongly motivated" and have long-range plans are also likely the "most motivated and able to evade the controls," he explains.

The bottom line for Kleck is that quick-fixes based on the emotion and passion stirred up by wall-to-wall coverage of a massacre are rarely, if ever, legitimate solutions. This is why he chose the title. In making his case as cogently and calmly as possible, he writes, "assessments of preventative measures based on a narrow focus on violent events that did occur" are "inherently misleading." The reason they are misleading is that they focus "only" on the "failures of preventive efforts." The success rate of preventative measures cannot be measured as easily as the failure of preventative measures, he continues. Moreover, the diagnosis of the causes of violence "is similarly distorted by a narrow focus on the attributes of a few violent actors." more realistic focus for…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Kleck, Gary. "There Are No Lessons to Be Learned from Littleton." Criminal Justice Ethics

18.1 (1999): Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics (Thompson Gale Database).
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Vermilion Parish Louisiana and Teen

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12723197

Certainly it would give rise to debate within the community, and would perhaps because it circumvents the authority that was asserted by the community in limiting the teen's awareness to abstinence, would eventually have to be abandoned because of the ways in which the community would relate the process to what it actually is: getting the kids the information on birth control.

If educating the kids as to the alternatives available to them is prohibited, then it becomes incumbent upon the health professionals to take the discussions to the parents. Since most kids, estimated at 47%, say that their decisions about sex are most influenced by their parents (the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2007, found online at then educating the parents must become the focus of the effort. If Vermilion Parish and other places within and outside of Louisiana would tie the hands of educators and health professionals by limiting discussion with the teens to abstinence, then taking the information to the parents must be a consideration. Mandatory discussion with the parents, before the course of abstinence training commences, must be conducted wherein the subjects of teen pregnancy, and what it means to the family in the way…… [Read More]

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Sexual Health Statistics for Teenagers and Young Adults in the United States, September, 2006.

The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 'American Opinion on Teen

Pregnancy and Related Issues 2007, found online at retrieved 14 March 2009.
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Family Violence and PTSD Children

Words: 5408 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21707001

Not all physical force can be characterized as violence, and not all violence is created equal. There are numerous controversies regarding definitions of violence and abuse and no clear consensus among researchers on how to characterize acts as one or the other. Presumably, there should be commonalities among different types of violence so that all can be characterized first as violence, and yet some violence is socially approved and so would be placed in a separate category. Even the issue of whether it should be assumed that there are many different kinds of violence is controversial, with some holding that violence is violence in any setting and at any time. At the same time, while there are important differences among the different forms of family violence, all may be caused by similar social and psychological factors. Research has shown that the some forms of violence are more damaging than others but that all may be linked in terms of etiological factors. Society has responded to these issues by passing laws against child abuse and spouse abuse, but at times mixed signals are sent by laws and legal actions. Women who are abused are seen to be victims, but at some…… [Read More]

Anderson, S.A. & Cramer-Benjamin, D.B. (1999). The impact of couple violence on parenting and children: An overview and clinical implications. American Journal of Family Therapy, 27(1), 1-19.

Arias, I., and Johnson, P.J. (1986). Evaluations of physical aggression in marriage. Paper presented at the 20th Annual Convention of the Association for Behavior Therapy, Chicago, Illinois.
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Moynihan's Theory on Violence in

Words: 1903 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75675037

'" (Moynihan, 1965)

Moynihan implies that the decreasing role of the black male is a central aspect to be addressed in resolving the matters of violence in the black communities. As a result, he proposes a series of social and political policies that would strengthen the role played by the black male in the family. These refer to better employment opportunities, wage increases or an improved social perception of the roles that fathers play within the family. The senator exemplifies by stating that the white families are mostly run by two parents and the presence and role of both mother and father foster the growth and development of a stable individual, who will not engage in criminal actions.

4. Conclusions

The report issued by Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan set the basis for years of controversy. Organized under the title the Negro Family: The Case for National Action, the findings were party based on two previous studies (undisclosed to the public).

Moynihan's Report argues the standpoint from which the family is the primary cause of increased violence in the black communities. He states that the deterioration of the black community is to be blamed on the deterioration of the black family.…… [Read More]

DuRant, R.H., Pendergats, R.A., Stevens, G., Linder, C.W., April 1994, Factors Associated with the Use of Violence among Urban Black Adolescents, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 84, No. 6, pp. 612-617

Hall, J.D., August 2, 1993, Big Shots: A Boy and His Gun, Time Magazine, pp. 21-29
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Family Violence in Indigenous Australian Communities

Words: 3523 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62382671

Family Violence in Indigenous Australian Communities: Literature Review

The issue of family violence is one of the key concerns impacting negatively on Indigenous communities of Australia. I will review available literature on the issue, identifying factors contributing to the same; outlining a framework for understanding why the problem has continued to persist despite the intensive government scrutiny and high level of public awareness; and bringing out the key knowledge gaps in literature. I reckon that intervention policies have time and time again been developed on the basis of a liberal feminist approach that overlooks the Indigenous communities' perspectives on the concept of family violence; and as expected, the policies have repeatedly failed (Campion, et al., 2007). This review draws from this basis, and highlights the importance of adopting a context-based primary prevention framework focusing on solutions, rather than on the quantitative cause-and-effect aspects of the issue.

Statement of the Problem

The term 'Indigenous family violence' describes the range of violent acts occurring in Indigenous communities, including economic, psychological, cultural, spiritual, social, sexual, emotional, and physical abuses perpetrated within community relationships, kinship networks, and extended families (Cripps & Davis, 2012). Whilst the specific rates of family violence reports vary across studies,…… [Read More]

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. (2006). Ending Family Violence and Abuse in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities. Australian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 25 August 2014 from  https://www.humanrights.gov.au/sites/default/files/content/pdf/social_justice/family_violence2006.pdf 

AHRC. (2003). Social Justice Report 2003. The Australian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 25 August 2014 from https://www.humanrights.gov.au/sites/default/files/content/social_justice/sj_report/sjreport03/pdf/sjrep03_final.pdf
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Intimate Partner Violence the National

Words: 1403 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90673494

What is the annual cost to the nation of IPV against females? The Web site doesn't have updated numbers on that issue, but they report that for 1995, IPV against women cost around $5.8 billion - of which $4.1 billion was racked up in "the direct costs of medical and mental health care," and $1.8 billion was in the indirect costs of "lost productivity."

The total number of women, collectively who are victims of IPV lose "nearly 8 million days of paid work" every year, the government calculates. And what percentage of all IPV victims are in fact women? The National Crime Victimization Survey, quoted by NCIP, reports that 85% of victims of intimate partner violence are women. The ethnicities of women who are most often find themselves victims of IPV are "American Indians and Alaskan Natives and men, African-American women, and Hispanic women."

Finally, the actual "relationship factors" that are common to incidents of intimate partner violence include: "marital conflict - fights, tension, and other struggles"; "marital instability - divorces and separations"; "dominance and control of the relationship by the male"; the stress of negative economic situations; and "unhealthy family relationships and interactions." group called "Family Violence Prevention Fund"…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Family Violence Prevention Fund. (2005). Domestic Violence is a Serious, Widespread Social

Problem in America: The Facts. Retrieved 20 October 2006 at http://www.endabuse.org/resources/facts/.
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Psychology Affect on Domestic Violence on Children

Words: 3107 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42557590

psychological research there a thousands of pressing questions, yet among all those questions one rises to the top of the list. In the area of family psychology and family therapy the question of the psychological affects of domestic violence on children has been hotly debated and eternally researched, yet many questions remain unanswered. These questions are pressing as the institution of family in our culture evolves and emerges as an entirely different social dynamic than existed even twenty years ago. The psychological effects of violence, in the family upon children are vast and will probably always need further address.

Many families garner a different definition as more and more family units are head primarily by one parent and many families combine to become families consisting of several members who are related only by law, rather than by genetics. These trends began many years ago but continue to change the face of the American family today and will no doubt continue to do so in the near and far future. In this proposed study the issues of the psychological effects of domestic violence upon children will be addressed through diligent research.

The problem has been clearly assessed for at least the…… [Read More]

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Reducing Risky Behavior for African-American Teens an

Words: 4795 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64204545


An Intervention for Reducing Risky Behavior Among African-American Female Adolescents: Provider Cultural Competency Training

The Office of Minority Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2013) quotes Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. As a way to introduce the topic of updating and enhancing the National CLAS (Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services) Standards. The quote is "Of all forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane" (p. 14). Long recognized as a significant problem in the United States, health inequity along social, economic, racial, and ethnic boundaries has become a central focus of health care policy in this country. Although health care providers have little control over the historical determinants of discrimination in the U.S. they can work towards eliminating health disparities that exist through cultural competency. In addition to the ethical and moral rationale for attaining this goal, the Office of Minority Health (2013) listed legislative mandates, marketplace competition, and legal liability as other reasons for fostering cultural competency among health care workers.

The health disparities suffered by minority groups in the United States are significant. In addition to having reduced access to care, lower rates…… [Read More]

Aronowitz, T. & Agbeshie, E. (2012). Nature of communication: Voices of 11- to 14-year-old African-American girls and their mothers in regard to talking about sex. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 35(2), 75-89.

Aronowitz, T. & Eche, I. (2013). Parenting strategies African-American mothers employ to decrease sexual risk behaviors in their early adolescent daughters. Public Health Nursing, 30(4), 279-87.
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Rachel Year-Old Jewish Girl Rachel

Words: 2848 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49760978

All veteran therapists know that religious differences are the main causes for incongruity and sadness. (Dating and Marrying Nonmembers) Hence Rachel needs to understand that it is not a wise decision to marry a person of a different race.


In a love life, when parents object and when the partner is not understandable the person in question would face enormous depression. So what is meant by depression? The loss of an essential life aim without accusing anybody is depression. This loss disturbs our behavior, our temper or personal feelings, our talent, our outlook or inspiration, and our physical functioning and health. The outcomes of depression are "behavioral extremes, poor memory, confusion, loneliness, lack of care, going away from home, disobedient, violence gripped with guiltiness and fear about doing mistakes, about being reckless, crying, suicidal pressures." (History and Gender factors in Depression)

Over 18 million Americans are miserable. Of these 2 million are teenagers. In certain cases, the biological trend toward depression is present in a family. In other cases, life pressures cause depression. Today American families are very busy. Parents, who have to manage the family alone, work for longer hours to provide financial support for the family. A…… [Read More]

Ambord, Teresa. 2004. "Teen Dating: Is it Love or Infatuation?" 28 May. Retrieved at http://www.preferredconsumer.com/front_page/publish/Teens_Dating_Love_Infatutation.html. Accessed on 14 April 2005

Biblical Answers for Depressed Teens!" retrieved at http://www.wolfeborobible.com/depression.html. Accessed on 14 April 2005
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Victim Advocacy -- National Center for Victims

Words: 1769 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42645470

Victim Advocacy -- National Center for Victims of Crime

The National Center for Victims of Crime is one of the most respected, most influential national organizations that offer information, services, advocacy and references for victims of crime. This paper covers many of the services that they provide and delves into the ways in which victims can recover from the trauma of having been a victim of a crime. Moreover, this paper goes deeper into the victim issue by referencing the shocking increases recently reported regarding crimes against women -- and the reticence of some elected officials to pass legislation that provides harsh measures against those who attack, rape, and otherwise victimize women.

Why is there a need for victim advocacy groups?

Throughout history there have always been crimes and criminals at one level or another; no data is available to note how far back unkind and vicious acts have been committed against innocent individuals, but it is a given that wrongful behaviors have been part of even the earliest societies -- dating back before recorded history.

But today there are facts, there are data bases, and there is a plethora of evidence that criminals are active and searching for draconian…… [Read More]

AllGov. (2012). More than 3 Million Violent Crimes in the U.S. go Unreported Every Year.

Retrieved October 17, 2013, from  http://www.allgov.com .
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Classroom Bullying

Words: 3329 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37717217


The incidents of April 20, 1999 from Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado put bullying into a new perspective. Two students, Dylan Klebold and Ryan Harris, who were, for all intents, intelligent and well adjusted went on a killing spree. They killed and injured several members of the school including a teacher. (Rosenberg, 2000) Then they turned the guns on themselves. Their plans were grandiose. After the massacre, they intended to flee the country. Once the furor had died down, new information showed that the two students were generally reticent, withdrawn and subjected to bullying by their peers, especially the physically stronger students. Klebold and Harris were emotionally and physically abused. Isolated, they developed a hatred for their fellow students. This manifested in initial thoughts of suicide and then murder. Stories abound about bullying turned to tragedy abound. The Columbine incident was the biggest and got the most coverage.

Bullying (or its less physical form, teasing) are forms of personal harassment. In this work, bullying (teasing) will be explored. Personal harassment is any behavior that is unacceptable to the recipient. Such behavior creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment for work, study or social life. In trying to understand…… [Read More]

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Attitudes and Values of High School Students

Words: 9798 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70089566

attitudes and values of high school students. Reforms to the high school system in the United States are also explained. Additionally, the reason why students need not be involved in the planning of reforms is elucidated.

High School Students: their Attitudes and Values

Of a crucial age, climbing a milestone, conscious to their fullest with no fear of prospects, high school students have interested researchers and policy makers for centuries. They have quite a few common traits -- they behave as individuals of their own age group in a rather full-fledged way. They are go-getting to achieve their independence, they are show-offs, impressionable persons desiring to be their best (something to be learned) and to suit the times they live in. Their self-esteem is fragile and they are pretty sensitive to criticism, attention, and dilemmas, for instance, within their families.

Students from different socioeconomic backgrounds behave differently as has been known to researchers for many decades. It is known that many (if not most) high school students love to enjoy themselves with friends. Oft times they have to congregate with groups that are engaged in smoking, consumption of alcohol, and abuse of drugs. There is high probability that peer influence…… [Read More]

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Curfew Policy

Words: 2990 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71670805

Curfew Policy

Description of policy

Problem/need identification

Development of policy

Evaluation of policy

It is unquestionable to claim that the world is progressively advancing and entering into the epoch of developments. However, it is very unfortunate to state that the social issues especially juvenile delinquency at the same time is increasing at an accelerated pace. This apparently indicates the fact that youth violence over the years have raised to a much greater extent. In fact, statistical records have revealed the piece of information that juvenile delinquency has become one of the leading causes of deaths in the United States (LeBoeuf & United States - Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1996).

In this regard, juvenile curfew policy has been designed, enacted, and enforced as one of the popular control strategy to increased juvenile delinquency and victimization, which is attributable to numerous social trends. The increased juvenile crime rates have raised the concerns across the nation, which has been the prime motive behind the enforcement of the juvenile curfew policy in most of the states of United States. In addition, the government of the nation intends to reduce the juvenile crime rates as well as want to protect them from…… [Read More]

Adams, K. (2007) Abolish Juvenile Curfews. Criminology & Public Policy. Volume 6, Issue 4: 663-669. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

ABA Center on Children and the Law, Center for Children & Law and Policy. (2009). Children, Law, and Disasters: What We Have Learned from Katrina and the Hurricanes of 2005. USA: American Bar Association.
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Society's Interactive Effect on Childhood

Words: 1593 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29898977

This is the result of the child's physical and cognitive growth. Nature pursues a given path. One asks how does the world surrounding the child help or hinder the child's development. This is the question that is answered by Bronfenbrenner's theory (Paquette & Ryan, 2001).

Bronfenbrenner believed that the family suffered from the change in society from industrial to technological. Families were still locked into the normal 40-hour work week. Mothers were very often in the workforce, leaving the children with less parental influence at home. Bronfenbrenner thought that the schools were being called upon to fill the gaps left by parents. He thought that society should step in to provide support for the new family structure brought on by technology (Paquette & Ryan, 2001).


1. Crandell, T., Crandell, C., & Vander Zanden, J., 2009 Human Development (9th Ed.). Boston. McGraw-Hill

2. Gilbert, R., Widom, C., Browne, K., et al. (2009). Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. The Lancet. 373(1). pp. 9657.

3. Maschi, T., Morgen, K., Hatcher, S., et al. (2009). Maltreated children's thoughts and emotions as behavioral predictors. Social Work. 54(2).

4. Murrell, a., Christoff, K., & Henning, K. (2007). Characteristics of domestic violence…… [Read More]

1. Crandell, T., Crandell, C., & Vander Zanden, J., 2009 Human Development (9th Ed.). Boston. McGraw-Hill

2. Gilbert, R., Widom, C., Browne, K., et al. (2009). Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. The Lancet. 373(1). pp. 9657.
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What Is the Primary Cause of Homelessness in America

Words: 2223 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86416038

Cause of Homelessness in America

has numerous social problems. Homelessness seems to be one of the most important ones. There are several causes that determine homelessness. However, the primary cause of homelessness can be considered the reduced affordable housing level and the national increase in poverty. Other causes of homelessness refer to high unemployment rates, low salary levels in certain urban and rural areas, the inability of certain individuals to pay health care bills, the inability qualify for public assistance, domestic violence, mental illness, addiction disorders, and others. It is important to understand that there are specific factors that influence homelessness in the U.S., but these factors are allowed to develop because of the state's authorities. In other words, these authorities seem to not be able to manage the social situation of individuals in a homeless situation. If their situation is analyzed, it can be established that homeless people's actions have determined their situation. But this does not mean that the authorities should not work their best in order to improve their situation, and to reduce the level of homelessness in the U.S. Certain people accuse homeless individuals of not working, and this is considered the cause of homelessness. The…… [Read More]

4. Fischer, P. (1992). Victimization and Homelessness: Cause and Effect. New England Journal of Public Policy. Retrieved April 3, 2013.

5. Aratani, Y. (2009). Homeless Children and Youth: Causes and Consequences. National Center for Children in Poverty. Retrieved April 3, 2013.

6. Fertig, A. & Reingold, D. (2010). The Characteristics and Causes of Homeless among At Risk Families with Children in Twenty American Cities. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
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Junot Diaz's Drown Is a

Words: 1500 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92726990

On a wider scale, the struggle of these immigrants would be familiar to many immigrants around the country. Many of them come to this country to contribute their talents and ideas. On a personal note, for example, my girlfriend's father Farouk is a West Indian immigrant from Trinidad & Tabago. After years of taking night classes, he earned his associate's degree in Electrical Enginnering. Today, Farouk is an engineer working with EMC. He is earning a good salary and holds seven patents with EMC.

Diaz's stories are an argument for keeping the American Dream open, for Farouk, for his characters and for the vast majority of immigrants who choose to come to the United States. After all, much of the progress of this country stems from its historical openness to immigrants. Thus, to safeguard the American Dream means to keep its ideals open to all.


Diaz, Junot. Drown. New York: Riverhead, 1997.

Edmonston, B. And J. Passel, eds. Immigration and Ethnicity: The Integration of America's Newest Arrivals. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 1994.

Pagnini, D. And S.P. Morgan. "Intermarriage and Social Distance…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Diaz, Junot. Drown. New York: Riverhead, 1997.

Edmonston, B. And J. Passel, eds. Immigration and Ethnicity: The Integration of America's Newest Arrivals. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 1994.
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Narrative Inquiry Functions as a

Words: 1797 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61566065


Qualitative data using individual stories are very important because they give insight into the challenges faced by certain groups such as pregnant teenage mothers. A more comprehensive approach to reducing adolescent pregnancy is needed. Many risk factors including a mother's own history, the absentee father, and misuse of birth control contribute to teenage pregnancies. These can override the benefits of school activity participation and performance in preventing teenage pregnancy. Therefore, programs designed to prevent pregnancy need to address many factors.


Allen E, Bonell C, Strange V, Copas, a, Stephenson, J., Johnson, a.M. & Oakley, a. (2007, January). Does the UK government's teenage pregnancy strategy deal with the correct risk factors? Findings from a secondary analysis of data from a randomised trial of sex education and their implications for policy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61 (1): 20 -- 7.

Clandinin, J., & Connelly, M. (1990). Stories of experience and narrative inquiry: Educational Researcher, 19(5): 2-14.

Chase, S. (2005). Narrative inquiry: Multiple, lenses, approaches, voices. In Codjoe, H. (2007). The importance of home environment and parental encouragement in the academic achievement of African Canadian youth. Canadian Journal of Education, 30(1): 137-156.

Creswell, J. (2003). Research design. London: Sage…… [Read More]

Allen E, Bonell C, Strange V, Copas, a, Stephenson, J., Johnson, a.M. & Oakley, a. (2007, January). Does the UK government's teenage pregnancy strategy deal with the correct risk factors? Findings from a secondary analysis of data from a randomised trial of sex education and their implications for policy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61 (1): 20 -- 7.

Clandinin, J., & Connelly, M. (1990). Stories of experience and narrative inquiry: Educational Researcher, 19(5): 2-14.
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Sexual Predators Online Sexual Predators

Words: 1637 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27657216

Moreover, the television show uses the same tactics that law enforcement does when they want to catch sexual predators online. Both law enforcement and the staff of "To Catch a Predator" pretend to be young people. By playing the same game as the sexual predator, police are effectively capturing criminals before they get away with their crimes. Although sneaky, the method of luring sexual predators using their own game is one of the most effective ways of preventing the problem. Knowing they can get easily caught, the sexual predator might think twice before befriending a new child. Using this method of capturing criminals, law enforcement can prevent predators from victimizing young people psychologically, sexually and violently.

Sexual predators should be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. In Canada, the law "makes it a criminal offense to use the Internet to lure or exploit children for sexual purposes," (Media Awareness Network). The same laws should exist in the United States, where any attempt to seduce a minor should be treated as a major criminal offense.

Works Cited

Camber, Rebecca. "Arrogant Facebook failing to tackle paedophile threat,' claims child protection expert." Mail Online. 9 Apr 2010. Retrieved online April 10,…… [Read More]

Camber, Rebecca. "Arrogant Facebook failing to tackle paedophile threat,' claims child protection expert." Mail Online. 9 Apr 2010. Retrieved online April 10, 2010 from  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1264609/Facebook-tackling-paedophile-threat-child-protection-expert-claims.html#ixzz0khN214sB 

Doctorow, Cory. "Sexual Predators Online: The Real Story." Boing. 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from http://boingboing.net/2007/06/13/sexual-predators-onl.html
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Maggie Stephen Crane's Maggie A

Words: 1122 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88348243

Long streamers of garments fluttered from fire-escapes. In all unhandy places there were buckets, brooms, rags and bottles. In the street infants played or fought with other infants or sat stupidly in the way of vehicles. Formidable women, with uncombed hair and disordered dress, gossiped while leaning on railings, or screamed in frantic quarrels. Withered persons, in curious postures of submission to something, sat smoking pipes in obscure corners. A thousand odors of cooking food came forth to the street. The building quivered and creaked from the weight of humanity stamping about in its bowels.

Their working conditions seem equally filthy. Jimmie eventually finds work as a teamster, driving a team of horses through the dirty streets of New York. Maggie finds work as a seamstress in a sweatshop. They can literally find no respite from the physical filth permeating their lives.

Nor can they find respite from the violence that permeates their lives. While the novel opens in a slightly mocking way, initially making light of Jimmie's skirmish with the other boys, it quickly becomes apparent that the boys intend to really hurt Jimmie. When Jimmie's father sees his child involved in the violence, he responds with violence and…… [Read More]

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Warriors This Is One of the Few

Words: 1459 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86693743


This is one of the few instances I can recall in which the film was more enjoyable than the book. Both media portray the subject identically in some respects: this is the fictional account of a New Zealand family decimated by alienation from their Maori warrior roots, and by the domestic violence, poverty, alcoholism and nearly overwhelming hopelessness oozing from that rupture. In addition, the media share most factual aspects of each key family member: Jake Heke, the alcoholic, abusive father who celebrates his work layoff and is eventually abandoned by the surviving members of his immediate family; Beth Heke, the abused mother who struggles to keep her family together, rediscovers her ancestral roots and eventually abandons Jake to save herself and her surviving child (ren); Grace, the early teenaged daughter, a writer and dreamer of a life far beyond her family's slum neighborhood, but who is raped and commits suicide; Nig Heke, the oldest son, who replaces his family with his street gang; Mark "Boogie" Heke, the second oldest son who gets into criminal trouble and is forced to live in the government's custody but is eventually "saved" by it through his deep discovery of his ancestral roots.…… [Read More]

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Future Generation Listen to Any

Words: 2726 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35901370

As Stowman and Donohue (2005) note: "Child neglect is the most prevalent type of child maltreatment, yet only a few standardized methods exist to assist in the assessment of this widespread problem. Existing measures of child neglect are limited by the nature of child neglect itself, in addition to issues of social desirability responding, and items that may infer blame and parental responsibility" (p. 491). There is nothing, of course, wrong in holding parents and other caregivers responsible for their actions and any harm that they do to children. However, this focus on guilt should not be the primary one. The primary one should be a focus on how best to keep children safe. The children at hand should always be at the center of the process. That is not currently the case (Conrad, Ellis, & Ellett, 2006, p. 38).

Although it is not the central point of this paper, it is worth noting briefly that there has already been research done to determine how to create a standardized protocol. The following is one such possible way in which to allow caseworkers sufficient flexibility to allow them to serve each individual child's needs while working within a standardized system. Cheung…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Brems, C. et al. (2008). Exploring differences in caseloads of rural and urban healthcare providers in Alaska and New Mexico. Public health 30(4): 37-62.

Cheung, K. (1997). Developing the interview protocol for video-recorded child sexual abuse investigations. Child abuse and neglect 21(3): 273-284.
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Character Sketch Elena Is 16

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65047976

Elena's parents find it shocking, but they don't comment too much, although once Elena heard the two of them in their bedroom talking about Jessica being a bad influence on her. Elena wishes her parents would give her more credit than that. She doesn't even have a boyfriend. Nor does she want one. She's a virgin and she plans to stay that way.

Elena's dream is to dance on the show So Ya Think You Can Dance and then be noticed by one of the judges -- like Adam Shankman or 'Lil C. The people on that show look so happy and they get to dance to the best music and everybody respects them. When the cameras close in on the parents of these kid dancers, they look so proud. She would like her parents to look at her and be that proud. She wants to make them proud more than anything.

"You can do anything here," they say to her. "America is the land of opportunities for all," her dad says, but the she wonders why he has to make his living blowing leaves off of rich peoples' driveways if that's the case. She has never told him that…… [Read More]

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Dying William Faulkner Is a

Words: 2326 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35345491

In the opening paragraph, his detailed physical description of Jewel and him walking on the path exhibits what we soon see is a strong faith that language makes memory, perception, and action real. (Lockyer 74)

She also notes that Darl is the character who speaks the most in the novel, thus showing his adherence to the value of language in his actions as well as his words. In doing so, she says, "he displays the omniscience, verbal range, and responsibility for interpretation that we associate with a narrator" (Lockyer 74). What Darl says also solidifies the view that Addie has been isolated and has also been deceived by her former faith in words. Faulkner develops a range of views of language and its use and of the degree to which different characters express their own relationship with language.

Lockyer discusses this further and cites Mikhail Bakhtin on the novel to the effect that "the word does not exist in a neutral and impersonal language" (Bakhtin 294), an idea that infuses as I Lay Dying. Lockyer notes that Cash is the only character able to accommodate the idea of the other in language:

The novel, according to Bakhtin, is the ultimate…… [Read More]

As I Lay Dying (August 1998). Ann Arbor, Michigan: The University of Michigan. November 22, 2008. http://www.lib.umich.edu/spec-coll/faulknersite/faulknersite/majornovels/dying.html.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. "Discourse in the Novel." In the Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays, edited by Michael Holquist. Translated by Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist, 259-422. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.
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Problems and Issues in Need of Change

Words: 577 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 790045


Problems and issues are inevitable in every society. These can be societal problems or issues that are profession-related. Sometimes people are so accustomed with their situation that effecting change would result to a social problem. A child who had been a victim of long-term domestic abuse may not welcome change if that change would mean being departed from his own family. A government employee would not welcome change if it would mean a loss in his

"corruption-takings." Or a victim of racism may be reluctant to change if his employment would be endangered.

Change is the only thing permanent in this world but it can be controlled. Change may cause problems but these problems may also cause further changes if not solved. 'Social change is the shifts in the attitudes and behavior that characterize a society' (Greenwood & Guner 2008).

Some of the societal and profession-related problems that need change are underemployment and unemployment, unfair distribution of income, drug addiction, oppression, poverty, racism, classism and sexism to name a few. These problems may sound simple but cannot be solved by a person all himself. He needs interaction from the society to effect change. Social justice can be served through…… [Read More]

More. (2011). Social Justice Launch Pad. Retrieved 22 Jun 2011, www.more.com.

NASW. (2011). Code of Ethics of the Natl. Association of Social Workers. Retrieved 22 Jun

2011. www.socialworkers.org.
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Risk-Taking Sexuality of Adolescents Too

Words: 2081 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85821000

These were being make, passiveness or unassertiveness, and a father who avoids conflict with a teenage child. Parental guidance on safer sexual practices, skillful assertion, negotiation and resolution of conflicts all help improve dating communication between teenagers. But parents' strategies in solving everyday conflicts and issues with teenage children may be the true basis for the safe-sex negotiations in their dating. Parents who actively engage in open disagreement with their teenage children may induce confidence in their children to assert themselves and communicate their preference with a sexual partner regarding the use of condoms. These strategies are likely to develop from safe-sex communication with parents (Feingold).

Parental Processes and Style

The Kaiser Family Foundation surveys suggested that teenagers whose parents monitor their children's whereabouts and particular behaviors tend to have only one sexual partner or avoid unprotected sex (Howell, 2001). A combination of high-level communication and parental monitoring works well with adolescent females. Peer influence may be strong factor in the case of adolescent males. Interaction effects underscore the complexity of parenting processes. The process within which parents and their teenager children influence one another is likewise complex. Other findings emphasize that parental monitoring may assert positive influence on the…… [Read More]

Mellanby A. et al. (1993). Teenagers, sex and risk-taking. Vol 307 British Medical

Journal: Department of Public Health Medicine. Retrieved on July 21, 2011 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1678964/pdf/bmj0003800556.pdf

Ponton, L. (2001). The sex lives of teenagers. Vol 17 number 10 The Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter: The Brown University. Retrieved on July 21, 2011 from http://www.nvcc, edu/home/green/PowerWeb05/The%2520Sex%2520Lives%2520of%2520Teenagers.pdf
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Summer Camps and Programs in the Development

Words: 3360 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11712514

Summer Camps and Programs in the Development of Children

The purpose of this paper is to represent to the reader the importance of organized summer camps and programs in youth development. A special emphasis throughout the paper is placed on the influence of recreation on child development and personal growth.

By defining the effect of the summer camp experience and presenting relevant statistics from reputable opinion leaders, this paper will reveal that summer camp programs play a significant role in the youth development. There are three key development areas discussed in this paper, which include social skills, self-identity, and physical / health.

There are nearly 10,000 camps in the United States accompanying over six million children each summer (National Camp Association). Summer camps have been an American tradition dating back to the early 1900s. The summer curriculum of these camps bring out the excitement of the season, while offering a myriad of opportunity for childhood learning and growth.

Some of the key positive outcomes of the camp experience as stated by Camping Magazine author Garavaglia-Maiorano include the following:

Critical thinking and inquiry skills used as primary tools to examine issues.

Campers learn and increase collaboration with each other.

Active learning…… [Read More]

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Cyber Bullying An Impact on Adolescents College

Words: 2633 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56676157

Cyber Bullying: An Impact on Adolescents College Students

In this literature review, the author will be reviewing literature regarding cyber bullying and how it impacts upon college students. This is especially fertile ground for research because there is not much information about how such electronic aggression affects college students. The focus of most of the research has been upon younger adolescents. In such individuals, concern is widespread that new forms of electronic communication open up new avenues for aggression among young people. This subject is particularly interesting to the author. In training to be a customer service representative, this author was exposed to anecdotal data that showed that customers were more aggressive in instant messages, emails and on the phone than in person. The findings of most of the studies in the literature review really reflect anecdotal information about technology being a driving factor in electronic bullying.

Literature Review

A study published in the journal Violence and Victims investigated college students from official reports of electronic victimization in their friendships and in dating relationships. As the authors note, although college students have the highest percentage of technology in this area, the least is know about them. The authors examined 22…… [Read More]

Bennett, D.C., Guran, E.L., Ramos, M.C., & Margolin, G. (2011). College students' electronic victimization in friendships and dating relationships: Anticipated distress and associations with risky behaviors. Violence and Victims, 26(4), 410-429.

Bonanno, R.A., & Hymel, S. (2010). Beyond hurt feelings: investigating why some victims of bullying are at greater risk for suicidal ideation. Merill-Palmer Quarterly, 56(3), 420-440.
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Embarrasses or Shames Them to

Words: 3460 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88984669

People are aware of the impact that major stressful events can have on a person's life. In general, society is solicitous of people undergoing major stressors like major illness, divorce, or a death in the family. However, it is interesting to note that, for the individual, small stressors can actually be more significant than major stressors. For example, a friend of mine was fired from her job the day before 9-11. The day of 9-11, when everyone else was so stressed out about the idea of a terrorist attack, she was far more worried about the source of her next paycheck. While she realized, intellectually, that the national impact of 9-11 was certainly greater than the national impact of her being fired, in her life she experienced the loss of her job as a more stressful event. In fact, the most stressful part of 9-11 was that, with its resultant shut-down of government services throughout the country, it delayed her ability to file for unemployment, compounding her stress. While this may make my friend appear selfish, it should come as no surprise. Research certainly suggests that everyday hassles actually contribute more stress, or at least have a greater impact on…… [Read More]

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Coontz Book Stephanie Coontz's the

Words: 869 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51753827

After all, if competing statistics using different methodologies were used, it is still likely that Coontz would be able to prove that nostalgia blurs the line between fact and fiction. Coontz in fact uses statistics that are drawn from too many different sources and time periods to invalidate the thesis. The evidence used is drawn from numerous studies, from governmental and academic sources. The data extends into historical documents including primary sources. Coontz also draws data from such a wide variety of sources that the argument is wholly valid. For example, the author uses economic data, crime report statistics, birth statistics, and a myriad of other sources to prove the central point of the argument.

The myth of family values is a highly relevant political and social topic, which makes Coontz's argument relevant. Coontz's book is therefore an important one as well as a well-documented one. Coontz accomplishes the core goal of myth-bashing, albeit with a thinly disguised political agenda. The fact finding is accompanied by research integrity. Coontz addresses delicate issues including abortion, birth control, and teen pregnancies with aplomb.

Two-parent heterosexual families are not necessarily the end all and be all of the American social structure. In fact,…… [Read More]

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Un-Married Couple Cohabitation Is a

Words: 2902 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83198313

These are some of the changes that have greatly blurred the boundaries observed by the institution of marriage (Wood, 2011, p. 31).

7. Better family life

With an increase in the rates of cohabitation, there has been an improvement in the family life. People in cohabitation have the same chances of having children these days as married couples. In the past, cohabitation was thought to be a trial period before the couple opts to get married. These days the number of married couples having children is the same as that of cohabiting couples. The survey for the past year has recorded that 38% of the couples have children and these rates are the same as the couples in cohabitation (Wu, 2000, p. 20).

There are a less number of people these days who believe in the institution of marriage. There is an increase in the belief that the children must be brought up in the family of parents who live together. There are an increased number of married couples who concluded in a divorce, based on which children are seen to be much happier with couples in cohabitation. Thereby there has been an increase in cohabiting couples and a great…… [Read More]

Barlow, a. (2005). Cohabitation, Marriage and the Law: Social Change and Legal Reform in the 21st Century. Hart Pub.

Cochrane, G.M. (2010). Do We Need a Cohabitation Agreement: Understanding How a Legal Contract Can Strengthen Your Life Together? John Wiley and Sons.
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Children and the Media Whether or Not

Words: 2734 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81749753

Children and the Media

Whether or not children should be allowed to watch television or movies is one that elicits great controversy among parents, educators, and child development experts. Some have no problem with exposing children to media, others have distinct criteria to fulfill before allowing children to watch any form of media, and still others strongly advise against exposing children to media at all. The real issue is about the nature and quality of the messages and images that children consume as they watch or listen to media.

I believe there are distinct advantages for children and the potential for positive impact with many shows that are available for children today. Generally, the commercials that are viewed by children during age-appropriate viewing are not harmful in any way, though caregivers will want to be certain that the messages being conveyed match up with their overall philosophy. I also believe that exposing children to the news could be rewarding as well. Media can offer a positive correlation between viewing and enhancing social, verbal, cultural, and cognitive skills. It is also possible to find programs and movies that engage a child's fine motor and gross motor skills. Many shows are also…… [Read More]

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Racial Ideology of Latinas

Words: 11967 Length: 44 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57637272

The novel opens seven years after Gabo's mother, Ximena, was murdered by coyotes -- or paid traffickers -- during an attempt to cross the border. Her mutilated body was found, her organs gone -- sold most likely. Because of the fear surrounding this border town and the lure of the other side, all of the characters become consumed with finding Rafa. These people are neglected and abused. Like other fiction works on this topic (such as Cisneros's The House on Mango Street), The Guardians (2008) is rich in symbolism and flavored with Mexican aphorisms. The novel also shows the reader how complex and perilous border life is when you're living in between the United States and Mexico.

The book is important when attempting to understand the challenge of the border town life and it is, at the same time, a testament to faith, family bonds, cultural pride, and the human experience in general. "The guardians" in this novel are guarding love and they are guarding their own dignity as people.


Castillo, Ana. (2008). The guardians: A novel. Random House Trade Paperbacks.

Caramelo by Sandra Cisneros (2003) is a novel about identity -- and, specifically -- what it means to…… [Read More]

Giroux, Henry A. (2001). Theory and resistance in education (Critical studies in education and culture series). Praeger; Rev Exp edition.

San Juan (2002) states that the racism of sex in the U.S. is another element of the unequal political and economic relations that exist between the races in the American democracy. Women of color may even be conceived as constituting "a different kind of racial formation" (2002), although the violence inflicted against them as well as with familial servitude and social inferiority, testifies more sharply to the sedimented structures of class and national oppression embedded in both state and civil society (2002).
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United States Is Characterized as

Words: 2452 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29549621

(Sources: Hayes-Bautista, 1988; Perez y Gonzalez, 2000).

Conclusions - General characteristics of immigrant families - Most Latino immigrants fall into two solid groups when coming to America -- rural and seasonal farm workers; many following the crops from Texas through California and back, and many into the cities where better paying, and more stable, jobs are available. Luis and Maria moved to a larger city because they were told that it would be "easier on them." Cities exist for many reasons and the diversity of urban form and function can be traced to the complex roles that cities perform. Cities serve as centers of storage, commerce, and industry. The agricultural surplus from the surrounding country hinterland is processed and distributed within the city. Urban areas have also developed around marketplaces, where imported goods from distant places could be exchanged for the local products. Throughout history, cities have been founded at the intersections of transportation routes, or at points where market goods must shift from one mode of transportation to another such as river or ocean ports as well as railways. Cities are also sites of enormous religious and cultural significance not to mention being the center of administrative action (Perez…… [Read More]

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Participant in a Community-Based Group for Troubled

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38887821

Participant in a Community-Based Group for Troubled Youth

Literature has shown group psychotherapy to be an effective way of improving the mental health outcomes of multiple populations, including adolescents and young children. Today, community-based psychotherapy groups are among the most common platforms for dealing with troubled youth, and helping them avert the risk of falling into delinquency, substance abuse, and other antisocial tendencies. I happened to participate in one such group in my local community. The group served as both an intervention and a preventive measure to help local youth lead responsible lives, free of delinquency and antisocial tendencies. The subsequent sections seek to evaluate the effectiveness of these programs based on what I experienced as a participant in the above program. The paper provides insight to therapists seeking to design community-based groups for young people. It outlines the dos and don'ts as well as the best practices for designing effective group programs for troubled youth in the community.


The group comprised of 12 members (all of whom were self-referred) aged between 15 and 18, from low to middle-income families. Of the 12 members, four were black, three were white, and the rest were Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian and Russian.…… [Read More]

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Women Men Communication it Has

Words: 3644 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88560099

The possibility that such attention was paid to these event in earlier times in European cultures is obvious but absent from modern representations of rites of passage. What can be interesting is the correlation between the two rites of passage discussed here, the "sweet 16" party and the Quinceanera and their similarities to weddings. Because weddings are expected to be delayed, more so in U.S. culture but also in Mexican and other cultures, as a mark of good judgment some rites of passage and especially those for girls seem to have become mirrors or proxy weddings, where massive expenses are sometimes incurred and dress is decidedly formal.

It must first be understood that the quinceaneras is actually a religious rite performed in conjunction with a special mass in the Roman Catholic Church as well a blessing and a group of ceremonies for the 15-year-old girl, 15 of her friends and/or family members who are all around the same age, her parents, god parents and her extended family. The celebration can begin with special preparations including prayers, fasts and/or lectures and teachings provided by the bishop or priest of the Parrish church the young girl attends and ends with a celebration…… [Read More]

Arriagada, I. (2006). Changes and Inequality in Latin American Families. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 37(4), 511.

Baker, V.J. (2000). 4 Ritual Practice in a Sinhalese Village: Coping with Uncertainty. In the Nature and Function of Rituals: Fire from Heaven, Heinze, R. (Ed.) (pp. 59-79).
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Iceman Confessions A Social History

Words: 2060 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36325584

His convictions are believed to represent only a small portion of his actual crimes; he is believed to have committed upwards of 100 murders.

Mental Status and Behavior Observation (must have subheading):

Appearance, Attitude, and Activity

Kuklinski was a tall, physically imposing man. He was over 6 feet tall and over 300 pounds. He seemed physically fit, despite his immense size. He had several tattoos on his body at the time of his prison interviews. He had a beard and was balding. Otherwise, he presented a clean-cut disposition. His attitude was very soft-spoken, even when discussing horrific events. However, he did make it clear to the interviewer that, despite being incarcerated at the time of the interview, he still posed a threat to the interviewer.

Thought Process, Thought Content, and Perception

His thought process seemed coherent, with no obvious defects in cognition or reasoning. While he was relating horrific events and his thought content was disturbing, there did not appear to be an element of violent fantasy in his thoughts. His perceptions seemed to reflect normal perceptions about what occurred. In fact, when describing a murder in his youth, he acknowledges that the slight for which he killed the man…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Musto, M. (2001). The Iceman: Confessions of a Mafia Hitman 2 of 2. Retrieved July 10, 2012

from website: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=007UO2aOm-U&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PLCEBD010BB8CF9B63
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Criminological Theories and How They Apply to a Fictional Characters Life

Words: 4431 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31389181

Criminological Theories and Their Application

Character History

Nikita Voronov was born in Omsk, Russia in 1977 to a 17-year-old mother named Natasha Voronov. She had gotten pregnant with him after dating a man for one month, another Russian male who was working in the mining area at the time. Once Natasha became pregnant she never saw the father of her child again who fled the town. Desiring a better life for her child, rather than the dreariness and isolation of Omsk, Natasha immigrated to Brooklyn, NY ten years later where she had some relatives living in the Coney Island neighborhood. Nikita struggled to learn English and often felt teased and isolated from the other kids at school who made fun of the fact that he couldn't communicate well with them. This led to Nikita learning how to take out his anger and aggression through violence and fighting, something that Nikita did a lot of. With the absence of a father figure, Natasha struggled to keep Nikita in line, and offered him very little discipline and structure. Natasha worked three jobs to support them, and they lived in a crowded one bedroom apartment. Natasha also worked as a topless dancer, something…… [Read More]

Agnew, R. (2007). Great Scholars, Great Work. Retrieved from emory.edu: http://www.emory.edu/PROVOST/greatscholars_old/RobertAgnew.htm

Canevit, S. (2013). The Scholarly Development of Social Disorganization. Retrieved from Scottcanevit.net: http://scottcanevit.net/social_disorganization4.html
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How Kristen Died

Words: 1517 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65924133

Kristin Died -- Case Study

On May 30, 1992, a young woman named Kristin Lardner was shot by her ex-boyfriend, Michael Cartier. Cartier had a long history of violence and criminal activity, not to mention several convictions of domestic violence. At the time of the murder, in fact, Cartier was on probation and under the auspices of a restraining order. A number of public agencies had the task of keeping Cartier away from Kristin, but unfortunately, this did not happen. The gist of the matter deals with the element of bureaucracy, the way they are set up, what keeps them going, what incentives they use to measure efficacy, and what factors inhibit their ability to be responsive.

Within the rubric of public administration, there seems to be at least two theoretical precepts that apply to the case of Kristin Lardner. First, there is the idea of public bureaucracy and the role that plays in society -- neither good nor bad -- but simply the ability to structure effective responses when needed. Second, we have the client responsiveness paradigm, which both encourages interdependence with bureaucracies and holds that it is important for public agencies to quickly and efficiently respond to client…… [Read More]

Rosenbloom, D., Kravchuk, R., Clerkin, R. (2008). Public Administration: Understanding Management, Politics, and Law in the Public Sector. New York: McGraw Hill.

Stillman, R. (2005). Public Administration: Concepts and Cases. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

See for example, the information in the National Domestic Violence Registry.  http://www.domesticviolencedatabase.org/
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Foreign Interview Ellen Age 27

Words: 1486 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52808918

America is much more diverse, and in some ways much less conscious of that diversity, while in England being from Manchester or London is a big to-do. And the class issue is different as well -- it's more about culture, schooling, parents still in England, and here what class is to us, money is to Americans. That's my analogy, anyway.


Have you ever been offended by someone while in the U.S. Briefly explain what happened.

Not really, although some people do think that everyone from England is aristocratic, wealthy, snobbish, and like someone from "Masterpiece Theater" which gets tiresome after awhile -- that and questions like 'do you know the queen.' Or the fact that we're all either 'Hello Harry' types or cockneys, fox hunting or eating fish and chips, that sort of thing. I don't like jokes about the food, or really jokes about my country in general from Americans who haven't been to England. Americans tend to be much more intimate and prying about personal information in general -- some people act as though they know you after five minutes riding beside you on a train, and are willing to tell everything about themselves, and expect you…… [Read More]

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Diaz Drown the Inaccessible American

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31751386

. ." which offers a tongue-in-cheek 'guide' to the different facades required for dating different types of girls. The chapter highlights the impact of cultural differences in constructing impressions but, perhaps more importantly, demonstrates the extent to which the narrator feels he must go to conceal the most embarrassing dimensions of his family's poverty. Here, the narrator begins the chapter by advising, "clear the government cheese from the refrigerator. If the girl's from the Terrace stack the boxes behind the milk. If she's from the Park or Society Hill hide the cheese in the cabinet above the oven, way up where she'll never see. . . Take down any embarrassing photos of your family in the campo, especially the one with the half-naked kids dragging a goat on a rope leash. . . Put the basket with all the crapped on toilet paper under the sink. Spray the bucket with Lysol, then close the cabinet." (Diaz)

Even where the subject of the chapter is not abject misery, the author carries a sense of resentment that is contained in the details of his counsel. This is consistent with the idea expressed in the review by Eder (1996) that the text as…… [Read More]

Barrios, G. (2007). Guest Interview: Junot Diaz. La Bloga.

Diaz, J. (1996). Drown. Riverhead Trade.