Colonialism To Globalization Term Paper

Length: 5 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Government Type: Term Paper Paper: #24627120 Related Topics: Colonization, Portuguese, Westward Expansion, Declaration Of Independence
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Colonialism to Globalization

Colonialism is a relationship of domination between indigenous, or forcibly imported majority, and a minority of foreign invaders, in which the fundamental decisions affecting the lives of the colonized people are made and implemented by the colonial rulers (Colonialism pp). Globalization is the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across borders (Colonialism pp). Third World countries, often colonies, are economically underdeveloped countries of Asia, Africa, Oceania, and Latin America, that share common characteristics, such as poverty, high birthrates, and economic dependence on the advanced countries (Colonialism pp).

Sverker Finnstrom discusses the theory of colonialism by citing, "it is now widely accepted that colonial regimes and their successor states invented, promoted, and exploited tribal differences and traditions (Finnstrom pp). According to Finnstrom, the quotation stresses the imagined or invented aspects of group identity and the abstract and universal hegemony of colonialism and imperialism as determinant of local traditions and identity formations (Finnstrom pp). The idea of the bounded cultural entity can be related to the concept of status groups: "the authoritative claim of a nation and the assertion of a right to sovereignty being two central aspects in defining the group" (Finnstrom pp).

Globalization refers to the process of the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across international boundaries and is particularly aimed at the transcendental homogenization of political and socio-economic theory worldwide (Akindele pp). Moreover, it is aimed at "making global being present worldwide at the world stage or global arena," and deals with the "increasing breakdown of trade barriers and the increasing integration of World market" (Akindele pp). It can be viewed as an evolution that is restructuring interactive phases among countries by diminishing barriers in areas of culture, commerce, and migration of nationals to the territory, or it may be the formal control over the area by the military and/or civil agents of the dominant power (Colonization pp). Factors that cause colonization include overpopulation, economic distress, social unrest, and religious persecution, however imperialism, aggressive humanitarianism, and the basic desire for adventure are also causes (Colonization pp). Before colonization can be effected, "the indigenous population must be subdued and assimilated or converted to the culture of the colonists; otherwise, a modus vivendi must be established by the imposition of a treaty or an alliance" (Colonization pp).

The Phoenicians during the tenth century B.C., established trading posts throughout the Mediterranean and eventually exercised political dominion over the commercial colonies (Colonization pp). The Greeks established colonies in Asia Minor and Italy, while the Romans sought to assimilate the native culture of their colonies into their own, and the Venetians and Genoese established commercial colonies along trade routes (Colonization pp). Portuguese colonization began with the establishment of trading ports in Africa and the East, while the Spanish concentrated most of their efforts in the Americas (Colonization pp). The Spanish and the Portuguese exercised strict governmental control over their colonies and used them mainly as a basis for rich commerce with the parent government, thus discouraging the indigenous population from becoming economically self-sufficient (Colonization pp).

Beginning in the late sixteenth century, the English, Dutch, and French began to undertake colonization through chartered companies, the greatest of these private trading companies was the British East India Company, which played a key role in the history of the British Empire (Colonization pp). The French adhered to mercantilist theory in establishing their colonies, using them basically for the economic advantage, however the English colonists in North America were "virtually independent of the parent country, the most serious restriction being the establishment of a trade monopoly by the home government through the Navigation Acts" (Colonization pp). North America…

Sources Used in Documents:

Work Cited

Akindele, S.T.; Gidado, T.O.; Olaopo, O.R. Globalization, Its Implications and Consequences for Africa. Department of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from:

http://www.postcolonialweb.org/africa/akindele1b.html

Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from:

http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democrac/part1.htm


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