622+ documents containing “colonization”.
Features of colonization
The present day global stratification is a result of the colonization and conquest by European nations of the indigenous nations most of which were in Africa. Direct colonization largely ended but the ideology that came with colonization still lingers on in people's identity within their cultural spheres as well as their political, social and economic practices. Colonization began with entry of the colonizers forcefully into the indigenous nations. This was followed by complete destruction of their culture and governing of the nations by the colonizers. Colonization was driven by the desire to acquire land as well as the natural resources found in the land. They also wanted labor which was readily available from the natives. They wanted raw materials from the land and labor so as to support their economies which were on the rise.
There are four main features of colonization; the legal and political domination, administrative, ideological….
Farley, M. & Lynne, J., (2008). Prostitution of Indigenous Women: Sex Inequality and the Colonization of Canada's First Nations Women. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://www.rapereliefshelter.bc.ca/learn/resources/prostitution-indigenous-women-sex-inequality-and-colonization-canadas-first-nations -
Gray R., (1982). Christianity, Colonialism, and Communication in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Black Studies. Vol. 13. Sage Publication. Pp59. Retrieved April 19, 2013 from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2783975?uid=3738336&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102065204291
Thira, D.(2008). BEYOND THE FOUR WAVES OF COLONIZATION.Retrieved April 15,2013 from http://www.swaraj.org/fourwaves.htm
Resist, (2013). History of Colonization of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.Retrieved April 16, 2013 from http://users.resist.ca/noii-van.resist.ca/indigenous_history.html
Imperialism and African Colonization:
Imperialism is empire building and occurs when one state is more powerful than the other state's obstacles (such as peoples, geographic obstacles, physical obstacles and technological obstacles) to expansion. Imperialism became a popular cause for the first time in estern countries in the 1890s due to a significant degree by propaganda that sought to make nationalism and imperialism popular (Pieterse par, 2). Towards the end of the nineteenth century, European civilization experienced a period of extraordinary rapid expansion around the world. European countries had become very influential due to industrialization and organizational efficiency. This process in global expansion begun in the fifteenth century but the process gathered speed in the nineteenth century.
Latin America, the seaports of Asia were the first to be colonized by Europeans with Africa being the last continent to be colonized by European colonialists. European rule murdered and thoroughly dominated Native Americans. According to….
African-American REGISTRY: A NON-PROFIT EDUCATION ORGANIZATION. The African-American Registry. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. .
"African Resistance, Nationalism and Independence: Explain." Exploring Africa. Africa Studies Center. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. .
Boddy-Evans, Alistair. "What Caused the Scramble for Africa?" About.com: African History. About.com. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. .
Carter, April, Howard Clark, and Michael Randle. "B. Elements of Nonviolent Resistance to Colonialism After 1945." Civilresistance.info. Civilresistance.info, Mar. 2007. Web. 15 Mar. 2010. .
Colonization: A Necessary Evil?
Harold Larrabee in his essay "The Enemies of Empire" poses many difficult, thought provoking questions regarding colonization. After reading the discussion of American colonization presented in the book "The American People: Creating a Nation and Society" the ambiguities of the situation become more apparent.
Diverse rationale for the colonization of a nation have been around since the inception of the concept. Some viewed colonization as a moral duty, while others saw it from an economic vantage point, and still others gazed upon the potential political horizons of effective assimilation. hatever the reasoning, the issue of colonization is not an easy one.
"To colonize or not to colonize," that was the question facing late 19th century leaders of America. America was at first reluctant to expand her interests abroad. She was content to "pursue her 'manifest destiny' by expanding across the North American continent." (p 677), "but in the 1850's,….
Of course, while technology and military strategy helped assist the Spaniards in their conquest of Mexico, one cannot overlook how important European diseases were in the conquest of the New World. Diseases such as the bubonic plague, measles, smallpox, chickenpox, typhus, and influenza had been circulating in Europe for approximately 2000 years. These diseases are referred to as virgin soil epidemics, because the populations at risk had no previous contact with the disease and were, therefore, immunologically almost defenseless (Crosby). When the Spaniards brought the diseases to the New World, these diseases spread in approximately 50 years, helping decimate a population that had no time to develop any immunity to the diseases the disease cycle furthered colonization by killing large numbers of indigenous people, freeing up their land for use by the colonists. For example, the smallpox epidemic of 1520 had a mortality rate of up to 50% for the….
While the early colonists' risks were great, however, so were their rewards. An immediate reward for their decision was distance and limited freedom from the Tyrannical George III, a place to worship freely, and an atmosphere ripe for virgin success. Long-term rewards include eventual freedom, democracy, and the founding of one of the world's most powerful nations. Unlike the risks, most of which were rather obvious for travelers during the era, most of the rewards were completely unanticipated. Few knew that the founding of such a nation could so dramatically change world history.
In the example of the colonists' founding of the New World, travelers were well aware of the risks that could take their livelihoods and lives at any moment during travel or settlement. The rewards of becoming colonists in America, however, were far greater than the risks, although all of these rewards could not be immediately observed. Thus, although….
While there were some advantages, in British India, Indians were seen as second-class citizens, and they lived in a Third World country with few modern conveniences. In 1947, the country gained their independence from Great Britain, but the agreement also created Pakistan, and created divisions between Indians that have never mended, as a result.
India has evolved into a democracy that is becoming more industrialized and modern by the day. Much of the outsourcing of American jobs is taking place in India, helping its economy grow and prosper. India has capitalized on technology and it has helped the entire country. However, the road to this success was hard fought. Early political administrations suffered from accusations of corruption and scandal, and Indira Gandhi, the prime minister for several decades, was shot by her own bodyguards in 1984. Her son was also assassinated, and governments came and went during the 1990s. There….
Colonization Movement of the Antebellum Period
The Success of Colonization Movement in the Antebellum Period in Attaining its Goals
The American "colonization" movement was a socio-political process, which advocated for the release of slaves by their masters, and the slaves' consequent shipment back to their places of origin in Africa. Another important element of the process was to "enlighten" the "uncivilized" African continent by sending missionaries along with the slaves, who would spread the Christian gospel. The supporters of the movement believed that the inherent differences between whites and blacks ran so deep that the prospects of their peaceful coexistence were extremely dim. Therefore, to ensure that conflicts would not arise in the future, they believed it was integral to expel all black people from the American land. However, as statistics show, their success was limited. They managed to return around 15 thousand slaves to their countries of origin, in the….
Beiser, Zoe. "A Solution to Slavery or Racist Expulsion?." U.S. History Scene. N.p., 10 Apr. 2015. Web. 2nd Oct. 2015. http://ushistoryscene.com/article/american-colonization-society/
Ham, Debra. Newman. "The African-American Mosaic: Colonization." The Library of Congress, June. 1997. Web. 2nd Oct. 2015. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam002.html
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Society in Abolitionists." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 2nd Oct. 2015. http://www.shmoop.com/abolition/society.html
colonization of France in North America
Colonization of France in South and Central America begin under the kingship of King Francis I, when he heard of Spain and Portugal finding wealth in the lands of Central and South America. He ordered a French navigator, Jacques Cartier, to explore a land where French people can get better trading opportunities. He made three journeys. The purpose of these journeys were to explore North America, of the legendary lands, famous for their gold mines and other valuable minerals. His first attempt to find gold and other minerals was a failure along with his efforts of colonization. Quebec city, one of the provinces of Canada was at that time a village called Stadacona. There, Cartier happenstance to meet a group of hunters known as Iroquoians. These were tribe of five nations; Cayugu, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga and Seneca and therefore are commonly known as Five….
colonization, much of the African continent consisted of prosperous cities, states, and kingdoms. In estern Africa, for instance, raw materials, precious metals, foodstuffs, and animal products flowed along Saharan trade routes, especially after Arabian traders introduced the camel. Powerful states like Ghana and Mali were incredibly wealthy and many Sudanese kingdoms benefited from increased trade and intellectual interaction with Islam.
All this changed during the Middle Ages. About a hundred years before they discovered the New orld, Europeans (at first the Portuguese and the Spanish) began their systematic conquest of Africa. The enslavement of African men and women initiated a brutal slave trade that eventually helped the European powers control and dominate the New orld.
Slavery drastically changed the way in which people lived and worked on the African, North American, and South American continents. First, the conquest of the Americas obliterated whole tribes, forever altering the ethnic and cultural landscape….
African Slave System." Encyclopedia of Slavery. 28 Jul 2003. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAslavery.htm.
Bancroft, Hubert H. "Anti-Slavery History." Excerpt from The Great Republic by the Master Historians. 28 Jul 2003. http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/The_Great_Republic_By_the_Master_Historians_Vol_III/antislave_bf.html .
European history prior and during the age of discovery has had a strong influence on the colonization of the New World and on attitudes adopted on the American continent during the era. Christopher Columbus' arrival in the New World in 1492 marked the beginning of a period of cultural exchanges between the two continents. European cultural values slowly but surely pervaded American communities both because some were appealing and because European colonists took on aggressive attitudes in order to have natives acknowledge their power.
The Crusades and the spread of Christianity influenced many European colonists to believe that it had been their mission to promote Christian values in the New World. Some even saw parallels between natives on the American continent and individuals that Crusaders interacted to as they attempted to convert them to Christianity. Roman Catholics in particular took on the mission to promote Christianity on the American continent and….
Colonization vs. Anti-Slavery
The question asked for this brief report is whether the wants and demands of the pro-colonial folks and the anti-slavery folks that existed during the early days of the United States both had their demands and preferences met as far as end outcomes and such. The answer is "yes" but it did not really start until the Civil War, went a lot further in the 1960's and in some way continues to this very day. However, both parties should be at least fairly happy with the end outcome as slavery is gone and America is completely developed and "colonized" for all intents and purposes.
Slavery certainly didn't start with the United States as many European colonies and countries around the world used the practice and Great Britain in pre-United States history was certainly on exception. This continued even after the creation of the United States in the 1770's and….
Father Bartolome de Las Casas
Father Bartolome de Las Casas is one of the most prominent advocates of the Cuban indigenous people. He actually owned slaves himself at one point, yet he set his own slaves free and renounced the practice. He also joined the Dominican order of Christianity and protested against the cruel and unusual punishment that the indigent people had suffered. He was especially against the practice of encomienda which is to trade a life for other material possessions. He wrote:
"The Indies were discovered in 1492. In the following year a great many Spaniards went there with the intention of settling the land. Thus, forty-nine years have passed since the first settlers penetrated the land, the first so claimed being the large and most happy isle called Hispaniola, which is six hundred leagues in circumference…And all the land so far discovered is a beehive of people; it is….
Greek colonization, much like the colonization of Africa and Asia by European powers in the early twentieth century, was an act of achieving land, recourses, and influence, and thus, power. The eventual expansion of the Greek Empire was unique, however, in that it was one of the first major exercises of colonization ever noted in the history of civilization. A number of things, but most notably, the shortages in the existing territories (both land and recourses), the desire for new trade routes, and the re-emergence of the written language facilitated the Greek expansion.
Prior to the widespread colonization by the Greeks, existing cities were growing by population and exhausting the land around them. Traditional plots of land reserved for Greek citizens were becoming smaller, and in some cases, non-existent. It was clear to those in leadership positions that overcrowding was becoming a rampant problem for the Greek cities, and in order….
With localized colonial governments, world leaders demonstrated that empires could be founded on mastery of regional trade routes. At the beginning of the 20th century nations like Japan were at the forefront of the new model of imperialism.
Q3.Explain WWI? World War 1.
World War One was a natural outcome of the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the subsequent imbalance of power those downfalls entailed. Moreover, the First World War was a direct consequence of the ages of imperialism, colonialism, and industrialization. The war paved the way for emerging states to create a free market economy based on capitalism or on the other hand, a closed-market system based on state-controlled resources.
Q4.The Paris Exhibition had two famous sculptures: one of Paris in an evening gown and the other of Rodin's the Thinker. Elaborate upon the meaning of both and its lesson for us in the 21st century.
In addition the Europeans that colonized Australia believed that their culture was superior and the aboriginal culture would somehow disappear in a short period of time. hen this did not occur drastic steps were taken to assimilate indigenous people. These steps included taking aboriginal children away from their families to be raised in white society.
Certainly this type of violent and reckless interaction led to great fear and panic because a way of life that had existed for thousands of years began to vanish. Such stressors were passed down from generation to generation. Stress is a dangerous emotion because it can cripple to immune system and also cause people not to have the will to properly take care of their health.
Government policy and exclusion
According to McCalman et al. (2005) the types of government policies adapted as a result o colonialism has also contributed to poor health amongst indigenous groups when….
Aboriginal health issues. http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/aboriginal_health_issues-open
Anderson, I.,&Whyte, D. (2006). Australian Federalism and Aboriginal Health. Australian Aboriginal Studies, 2, 5-16.
McCalman, J., Morley, R., & Mishra, G. (2008). A health transition: Birth weights, households and survival in an Australian working class population sample born 1857 -- 1900. Social Science & Medicine, 66, 1070-1083.
McCalman J., Smith L., Anderson I., Morley R., Mishra G. (2009) Colonialism and the health transition: Aboriginal Australians and poor whites compared, Victoria, 1850 -- 1985. History of the Family 14-253 -- 265
Colonization Features of colonization The present day global stratification is a result of the colonization and conquest by European nations of the indigenous nations most of which were in Africa. Direct…Read Full Paper ❯
Literature - African
Imperialism and African Colonization: Imperialism is empire building and occurs when one state is more powerful than the other state's obstacles (such as peoples, geographic obstacles, physical obstacles and technological…Read Full Paper ❯
Colonization: A Necessary Evil? Harold Larrabee in his essay "The Enemies of Empire" poses many difficult, thought provoking questions regarding colonization. After reading the discussion of American colonization presented in…Read Full Paper ❯
Literature - Latin-American
Of course, while technology and military strategy helped assist the Spaniards in their conquest of Mexico, one cannot overlook how important European diseases were in the conquest of the…Read Full Paper ❯
While the early colonists' risks were great, however, so were their rewards. An immediate reward for their decision was distance and limited freedom from the Tyrannical George III, a…Read Full Paper ❯
History - Asian
While there were some advantages, in British India, Indians were seen as second-class citizens, and they lived in a Third World country with few modern conveniences. In 1947,…Read Full Paper ❯
Colonization Movement of the Antebellum Period The Success of Colonization Movement in the Antebellum Period in Attaining its Goals The American "colonization" movement was a socio-political process, which advocated for…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
colonization of France in North America Colonization of France in South and Central America begin under the kingship of King Francis I, when he heard of Spain and Portugal…Read Full Paper ❯
Literature - African
colonization, much of the African continent consisted of prosperous cities, states, and kingdoms. In estern Africa, for instance, raw materials, precious metals, foodstuffs, and animal products flowed along…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
European history prior and during the age of discovery has had a strong influence on the colonization of the New World and on attitudes adopted on the American continent…Read Full Paper ❯
Colonization vs. Anti-Slavery The question asked for this brief report is whether the wants and demands of the pro-colonial folks and the anti-slavery folks that existed during the early days…Read Full Paper ❯
Literature - Latin-American
Colonization European Colonization Father Bartolome de Las Casas Father Bartolome de Las Casas is one of the most prominent advocates of the Cuban indigenous people. He actually owned slaves himself at one…Read Full Paper ❯
Greek colonization, much like the colonization of Africa and Asia by European powers in the early twentieth century, was an act of achieving land, recourses, and influence, and thus,…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
With localized colonial governments, world leaders demonstrated that empires could be founded on mastery of regional trade routes. At the beginning of the 20th century nations like Japan…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
In addition the Europeans that colonized Australia believed that their culture was superior and the aboriginal culture would somehow disappear in a short period of time. hen this…Read Full Paper ❯