Holistic Recovery: Sustainable and Resilient Communities The process of planning for recovery from a disasters begins long before the actual disaster takes place and must incorporate many factors that were previously largely unrecognized. In many cases there have been silver linings in the recovery effort that have allowed communities to rebuild after a disaster strikes in ways that make their communities more resilient such as in New York where they are better prepared for coastal flooding after the rebuilding effort from Sandy or in New Orleans where there has been improved coordination of levee planning and maintenance after Katrina (Schwab, p. 159). In the wake of such disasters, planners can use adaptive thinking to produce creative solutions to future resiliency issues during the disaster response.
Researchers have long known that there is more to disaster recovery than disaster recovery agencies can possibly address. While these professionals play a key role in mitigating and responding to damages that may be incurred as the result of a disaster, ultimately the community members itself have to contribute to the recovery and their participation is a critical success factor to the resilience of a community. For example, when Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans it pointed out that many of the members of the community that were not necessarily considered to be socially sustainable did not intend to return to the city; approximately 39% of evacuees that were poor and Black (Campanella, 2006, p. 144). However, some individual communities from the same city and same event showed significantly more resilience. Examples of this can be provided by the Lower Ninth Ward and working-class Vietnamese American communities who fought to rebuild their communities, arguably because the shared a common heritage that provided a level of communal resilience that allowed the communities to overcome the specific challenges that they faced (Campanella, 2006, p. 143).
Such examples clearly illustrate that there is more to building resilience than simply responding to a disaster. Building resilient communities is a process that is more holistic and includes a long-term perspective as well as the inclusion of social, economic, and ...
However, the holistic approach needs to go much deeper than adaptive planning models in the wake of disasters. To build resilient communities, these communities also need to be sustainable. Sustainability can be thought of as resilience in the "three Es" -- equity, environment, and economy that are found within a…
The process of planning for recovery from a disasters begins long before the actual disaster takes place and must incorporate many factors that were previously largely unrecognized. In many cases there have been silver linings in the recovery effort that have allowed communities to rebuild after a disaster strikes in ways that make their communities more resilient such as in New York where they are better prepared for coastal flooding after the rebuilding effort from Sandy or in New Orleans where there has been improved coordination of levee planning and maintenance after Katrina (Schwab, p. 159). In the wake of such disasters, planners can use adaptive thinking to produce creative solutions to future resiliency issues during the disaster response.
Community Resiliency Community resilience can be defined as a tool for measuring a community's sustained ability to exploit the resources available in responding to, enduring, and recovering from disasters (Community Resilience). Communities that are resilient reduce the destruction level brought about by a disaster, in their day-to-day operations and local economies. They are usually ready to reduce or prevent the destruction or loss of their environment, lives and property, and are
Disaster and Trauma Nature of the disaster and include any historical and relevant information. Towards the end of August 2005, Hurricane Katrina, an overwhelming category 4 hurricane hit the Mexican Gulf as well a certain Southern regions of the United States, resulting into some of the greatest damages in the history of that nation approximated at around one hundred billion dollars. The well-known New Orleans city together with its surrounding regions were
DISASTERS Hollywood Movies made on Disasters Disaster-Based Movies Titanic (1997) World Trade Centre (2006) Response to Disaster Movies Reasons for Watching Disaster Movies The Impacts of Natural Disasters on Mental Health Traumas and Weaknesses Resilience Factors Response to Natural Disasters in Reality Why Disaster Movies? Dealing with Disaster Effects Disasters Disasters are the sudden occurrence of certain events that results in causing a huge amount of damage, loss and destruction to the human life and the nature. The harm or damage caused by the
Psychology of Resilience Describe three elements of resilience. A healthy self-image or positive self-esteem is an important element of psychological resilience (Masten, 2001). Generally, that refers to an individual who usually interacts with others in a relaxed manner and without projecting any negative assumptions based in self doubt, negative expectations, or negative foundational beliefs. People with high self-esteem do not accept the proposition that negative experiences are their fault or that they
Introduction of Strategy Almost ten years back, the Austin History Center launched a new permanent exhibit on African American history in Travis County that has since inspired local activism, awareness, and community self-empowerment (Castillo, 2018). This strategy builds upon the success of the Austin History Center projects, which include the vast resources contained in the Austin History Center’s African American Community Archivist (2019). Building resilience through the arts, culture, and community pride
At its simplest and most succinct, the mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA, 2018a) is “helping people before, during, and after emergencies,” (p. 1). To fulfill this mission, FEMA engages in a variety of related actions including strategic planning, intelligence gathering, communication, and coordination. FEMA conducts risk assessments, helps communities build resilience, and helps to protect or recovery essential services. FEMA (2018b) also outlines its five core mission