This would help to cut costs, and was seen as a significant problem as evidenced by the table on page 2. Another important issue was the consequences of using construction material that is substandard, meaning that the materials may be more difficult to work with and they not be as reliable and durable. Most individuals did not want to use these products, but there are often no other choices. These substandard materials cause delays in construction, increasing costs, failures, and continued problems after construction that can be disastrous. Many companies use substandard materials, also, because they prefer to cut costs - but this often does not work the way they had hoped and can result in significant problems in the future.
There are many sanctions against Iran, and those are also not helping the construction industry in that country. According to those who participated in the study and answered that question, sanctions cause:
Lack of standard material
Lack of latest technology
Lack of expert international engineers
Lack of investors in construction industry
Lack of capital of projects
Using hacked and outdated software and dealing with Iranian design regulations are also issues that are hampering what Iran is trying to do when it comes to creating safe homes and businesses. The civil rights of Iranians come into the construction mix, as well, because they are affected by the construction in the following ways:
Hazard of falling construction materials in some project
Finishing property after long time of selling properties
Traffic due to trucks
Lack of parking spaces
The last part of the questionnaire was multiple-choice, and consisted of seven questions that looked at the biggest problems in the construction industry and what kinds of issue stem from those problems. On the following two pages, these multiple-choice questions...
Without a strong construction industry, the country will continue to flounder.
The first question asked dealt with what the participants thought was Iran's biggest financial problem. According to the answers to the questionnaire, that was the dependence that was seen regarding oil prices, as evidenced by the following graph. Neither diversity of income or an unstable private sector were chosen by any of the participants, and were determined not to be significant problems worth addressing. The same could not be said for high inflation and dependence on oil prices.
In Iran's current construction industry, it was also determined that concrete was used most commonly (10), followed by metal (7) and masonry (2). Wood was not used at all, which was a striking contrast to how building in the U.S. And many other countries are constructed. It is generally assumed that wood is used for framing for homes and smaller buildings, where concrete would be expensive and may not hold up well to problems such as earthquakes and other events. The concrete and metal being sub-par was also seen to be a problem, because that resulted in delays, extra costs, and buildings that did not hold up well to the hand of time after they were constructed. Modern technology and better materials have been severely restricted by the international sanctions faced by Iran.
Despite the fact that international sanctions are causing problem with materials, they are not seen to be the largest, most detrimental factor in the problem seen with the Iranian construction industry overall. The following graph shows what participants feel is the most detrimental problem in the construction industry in Iran today. While the opinions are divided, it is easy to see that there is a relatively clear consensus on the main issue between most of the participants.
Until Iranian construction industry regulations are adjusted and improved, the industry will continue to struggle, no matter how many sanctions are lifted or what materials the workers have the option to use. The regulations are the most significant problem.
0 Diversity of Income
11 Dependence on Oil Prices
E. Sharpe, Inc., 1997. Gambatese, John a. "Liability in designing for construction worker safety." Journal of Architectural Engineering: September 1998: 107-112. Gitter, Robert J. "Wage Subsidy Programs in Apprenticeship Training in the Construction Industry." Journal of Vocational and Technical Education Fall 1985: 3-10. Gould, John P. And Bittlingmayer, George. The Economics of the Davis-Bacon Act: An Analysis of Prevailing-Wage Laws. Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute of Public Policy Research, 1980. Korman, Richard, Kohn, David
This is when the available supply will address demand. References Construction Logistics Management, 2010, CMS. Available from: [21 February 2012]. Construction Materials, 2009, Encyclopedia Iranica. Available from: [18 February 2012]. Iran, 2012, CIA. Available from: [17 February 2012]. Iran's Budget Shortfalls, 2009, PR Log. Available from: [21 Feb 2010] Iran Building Construction and Investment Opportunity, 2011, Business Wire. Available from: [20 February 2012]. Iran's Real Estate and Construction Industry, 2011, Dazzel
Respondents to the questionnaire, who are in a first-hand position to assess the construction industry in Iran, agree on what all of the basic problems are and on many of the interrelationships and influences that these problems have on each other and on the industry itself. They are also in relatively strong agreement that Iran's foreign policy and its overall position in the geopolitical environment are having direct negative impacts
Concrete, Iron, ceramics, pipes are important in the structure of buildings and in Iran a lot of times these materials are substandard and would not withstand an earthquake or other significant trauma. Iran must explore new and better ways of constructing buildings so that safety becomes the most important factor. By looking at and examining the obstacles that the Iranian construction industry faces and gaining a better understanding of these
Inexcusable delay - these postponements outcome from a contractor's own fault or his subcontractors or substantial dealers Table 3-1 the Most Important Delay Factors According to Contractors Type Delay factor Rank Scheduling Preparation and approval of shop drawings 1 Financing Delays in contractors progress payment by owner 2 Changes Design change by owner during construction 2 Material Delay in the special manufacture out side of Saudi Arabia 4 Financing Owners cash problems during construction 5 Contractual relationship Slowness of owner's decision making process 6 Material Slow delivery of construction material 7 Changes Design errors made by designers 7 Scheduling Waiting for
Future Supply and Demand of Natural Gas The technology developed in the United States has become available for application in other countries mainly through efforts of major service companies. Until the mid 1990s, Canada's gas production was predominantly from conventional gas formations. This conventional gas filled the available pipeline capacity and unconventional gas resources, which are more difficult to produce, were largely ignored. However, as pipeline capacity was expended and