The authors are making a major contribution by focusing on areas that have received limited amounts of study. This is helping to create new ideas about how a more diversified and active board of directors can help to improve social governance. As a result, there is discussion in how these ideas can be utilized in future studies (to help understand the challenges facing firms). ("Abstract Article Three," n.d.)
Article Four: The Social Identity Theory
This article is focused on how the social identity theory can be used to by firms (who are in strategic alliances) to change their governance structure. In this case, there is no clear research question that is provided. Instead, the author will focus on using a series of observations to achieve the same objectives. This is interesting enough to encourage the reader to want to learn more about the subject. ("Abstract Article Three," n.d.)
The basic theory that is used is the social identity approach. This is when firms will follow the different practices of partners by implementing various polices and provisions (to create new operating procedures). The concepts are clearly defined through a series of different hypothesis that will be examined during this process. This helps to improve the ability to logically follow the authors thinking and steps that utilized. To support these claims, there are different sources that are cited throughout the article. As a result, this makes it easy to follow the logic from the actual facts to the presentation of a hypothesis. ("Abstract Article Three," n.d.)
The basis method that is used is to conduct an independent study that is focused on 483 alliances and their long-term impact. This is appropriate and it helps to add validity of the study that is being conducted. The data collection methods are consistent with analytical techniques by looking at how each alliance impacts the various partners. This is accomplished through utilizing internal validity. As a result, there are no other alternate theories or techniques that are used during this process. ("Abstract Article Three," n.d.)
The results are reported in manner that is logical and is addressing the various hypotheses that have been presented. This is providing the readers with more clarity about the effectiveness of the study and the results. Once this takes place, is when they can see how alliances can influence the views of various stakeholders during the process. ("Abstract Article Three," n.d.)
The study is providing a value added contribution. This is occurring through taking existing theories and building upon them. Then, actuaries will take their sample and compare the result of their finding with the trends that were identified. Once this occurs, is when future projects can use this as blue print for conducting their own studies. As a result, this is stimulating debate by helping everyone to see how these kinds of arraignments will impact the way firms are operating. This is highlighting, how the authors are discussing the way this can be applied on a practical basis. ("Abstract Article Four," n.d.)
Article Five: the Relationship between Stakeholder Management and Internationalization
This article is focused on the impact of stakeholder activism and internationalization. What the authors found is that both will help firms to engage in practices that are considered to be socially responsible. The research question is concentrating on how this impacting the way stakeholders is interacting with each other. This helps to spark the reader's interest, which is encouraging them to learn more about the subject. ("Abstract Article Five," n.d.)
The basic theory is focused on how these issues are impacting stakeholder perceptions and the way they are interacting with management. The core concepts are clearly defined, by demonstrating the history of these issues and how there have been changes from stakeholder activism along with internationalization. This helps to make the hypothesis clearly defined by illustrating the way these are affecting the operational procedures of firms. To support these views, actuaries are citing different sources and other insights from previous studies. ("Abstract Article Five," n.d.)
The basic method that is used is quantitative analysis. This is when there is focus on a specific sample and the historical data that was collected. In this case, actuaries are concentrating on a total of 169 organizations. These samples and variables are appropriate by highlighting specific data that can be utilized during this process. This is consistent with the analytical techniques that are applied. The study is focusing on using external validity to examine the data that was collected. As a result, these techniques are appropriate and they were applied correctly. ("Abstract Article Five," n.d.)
The results are presented in way by highlighting the facts from each case and what can be learned. This helps readers to comprehend how the information was collected and its underlying meaning. There are alternative explanations as to how this data could be identifying anomalies from the sample. As a result, actuaries are pointing out how this can be used as foundation for conducting future research. This is highlighting, how these issues are accurately accounted for and controlled during the process. ("Abstract Article Five," n.d.)
The article is making a contribution to the existing research through showing how: the relationship between stakeholder management and internationalization are impacting firms. This is stimulating thoughts about: the long-term impacts of globalization on firms and the way they are working with various stakeholders during the process. It is at this point when there is a discussion about how these ideas can be utilized to help transform the operating environment of the firm. Once this takes place, is when an organization is more responsive to the needs of stakeholders. ("Abstract Article Five," n.d.) This is the point that these studies can be utilized as a foundation in understanding the problems that are impacting corporations and how they can quickly adapt to them. In the future, this will make them more responsive to the needs of stakeholders.
Abstract Article Five. (n.d.)
Abstract Article Four. (n.d.).
Abstract Article Two. (n.d.).
Abstract Article Three. (n.d.).
Introduction to Values, Ethics and Social Responsibility. (n.d.).
Resource Dependence Theory. (2011). IS Theory. Retrieved from: http://www.istheory.yorku.ca/resourcedependencytheory.htm