Crime In Urban Cities Is At Least Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Criminal Justice Type: Essay Paper: #87267949 Related Topics: Crimes, Urbanization, Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Delinquency
Excerpt from Essay :

Crime in urban cities is at least 1.5 times higher than suburban or rural areas. Many factors account for this difference including higher poverty, more densely populated centers, presence of poor minorities, low education, limited resources etc. The paper studies crime in urban cities from the perspective of causes and impact so explain why higher urbanization translates into higher crime rate.

Crime in urban cities

Crime in urban cities of the United States continues to be a major problem for the society. The effect of violent crime against persons and property on general welfare is unmistakable since it takes a serious toll on mental, physical and emotional health of people while it places a huge burden on society's resources and finances. It is important to mention that while crime has a profound impact on welfare of people; it also costs the country almost 0.7% of GDP in variety of ways including loss of property, crime investigations, arrests and trials etc. (Freeman 1996).


It is immensely important to be aware of the crime rate in urban cities because we should understand how crime affects welfare of society and how it places serious burden on our financial and non-financial resources. This needs to be understood because how a country is suffering from increasing crime rate is not limited to loss of lives alone, there are other serious effects and the damage done by crime can affect other areas of activities as well including business, economic, political environment and general growth and progress of a country.

United States has been a victim of increasing crime rate for a very long time. There was however a decade in which crime rate consistently came down and that was the 1990s. But the decline was minor and at the beginning of the new decade, it appeared that the decline had slowed down even further to become almost negligible.

Some of the main categories of crime that have a seriously negative impact on society include murder and manslaughter,...


The crimes involving personal contact and coercion are termed violent crimes while those where contact doesn't occur are often termed property crimes.

Crime in the urban cities is always higher than it is in rural areas. Apart from the differences seen in crime rate from demographic perspectives such as race, gender and age, it is also important to study differences in crime rate on the basis of areas. It is generally known that urban cities especially larger ones have a higher crime rate than smaller cities or rural areas.

According to Glaeser and Sacerdote (1999) the reason for crime rate being high in urban cities is grounded in two facts. For one, in urban cities, criminals can come in much closer contact with potential victims than in smaller cities and secondly, in urban cities, the chances of being caught are much lower.

Even in the metropolitan cities where crime rate is generally high, we find that some neighborhoods are more vulnerable to crime than others. For example in poor minority neighbors across United States, criminal activities are much higher than other relatively wealthy and affluent neighborhoods. It has also been found that crime rate in the center of an urban city is much higher than the suburbs. Generally crime in urban areas is at least 1.61 times higher than it is in suburban areas. The fact that more central neighborhoods are occupied by poor minorities accounts for this difference in crime rate.

As cities grow, so does the crime rate but there are still researches that are uncertain about the reasons why urbanization gives rise to more criminal activities. It is believed that apart from the two facts mentioned above, urban cities have a higher crime rate because of lack of clear boundaries between legal and illegal activities. Masih and Masih state "At low levels of urbanization, crime may be high because of…

Sources Used in Documents:


GLEASER, EDWARD L. And SACERDOTE, BRUCE. (1996) Why is there more crime in cities? NBER Working Paper # 5430, January.

MASIH, ABUL M.M. And MAS-H RUMI. (1996) Temporal causality and the dynamics of different categories of crime and their socioeconomic determinants: evidence from Australia, Applied Economics, 28, 1093-1104.

Winters, Clyde A. "Learning Disabilities, Crime Delinquency, and Special Education Placement." Adolescence 32.126 (1997): 451.

Cite this Document:

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