Attention grabber: Everyone is disabled in some way, as no one is able to do everything.
Defining disability is problematic because it presumes homogeneity among the disabled community, and presumes that there are only certain types of ability.
Road Map: This paper will explore legal, ethical, and social dimensions of disability with the goal of suggesting a paradigm shift.
Disability occurs when the person's body or mind does not conform to environmental conditions or social norms.
Relational definitions of disability is legally relevant because it will allow persons who are temporarily disabled to access services.
Defining disability in a way that stresses relational activity highlights the role of politics and social stratification.
b. How this definition stands out:
Compare with United States Department of Education (2014), which defines disability as "a person with a disability as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity," (United States Department of Education, 2014).
2. This definition stands out among others because it emphasizes the primary legal goal of protecting individuals against discrimination, without unnecessarily labeling people or homogenizing the diverse group of people that might fall under the rubric of being disabled.
3. The relational definition stands out because it also recognizes that it is possible to define disability as being either a permanent or a temporary condition.
c. Purpose and Function of Definition:
1. The purpose of this definition is to prevent social institutions and organizations from practicing discrimination.
2. Treating each person differently is another function of the relational definition, because not all people will perceive their disability the same, and not all people will perceive disabilities...
Situational variables are important to consider, and this definition functions as a means to incorporate those variables into a forward thinking proactive program to improve quality of life for all.
a. Defining disability raises serious ethical concerns, but becomes necessary from a legal perspective in order to protect the rights of all persons.
b. Legal definitions are valid, whereas social ones remain invalid.
c. With the ultimate goal of shifting the paradigm from one that presumes normativity, the legalistic definition of disability stresses specific types of abilities that pertain to specific situations.
Everyone is disabled in some way, as no one is able to do everything. A person who is afraid of the water is disabled because of the inability to swim. Likewise, a deaf person cannot listen to music because of the inability to hear sounds. The term disability is strongly pejorative and politically charged. Applying Foucault's philosophy to the concept of disability, Barnes & Mercer (2010) show that the term disability connotes power and perpetuates social inequalities (8). Presuming normativity means that disability is an oppositional status. Defining disability is also problematic because it presumes homogeneity among the disabled community, and presumes that there are only certain types of ability. Therefore, disability should only be defined for the purposes of providing legal protection to persons experiencing discrimination. The proposed definition of disability for this paper is as follows. Disability occurs when the person's body or mind does not conform to environmental conditions or social norms. This paper will explore legal, ethical, and social dimensions of disability with the goal of suggesting a paradigm shift.
A disability is defined as the incongruence between the person's body or mind, on the one hand, and environmental conditions and social norms on the other. According to the World Health Organization (2014), disability "is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person's body and features of the society in which he or she lives," (p. 1). Reframing disability as a relational activity or situation helps to minimize discrimination and…
Disability needs to be defined in ways that empower the disabled and create a more egalitarian society. Although some progress has been made to define disability in ways that prevents discrimination, there is still a lot that can be done to promote equality. According to the World Health Organization (2014), "people with disabilities face barriers in accessing the health and rehabilitation services they need in many settings." Barriers need to
Wendell (1996) wrote an article to explore the idea of disability, which is a common issue in the modern society. Disability has generally been utilized to refer to people with certain deformities and inability to function like normal human beings. This general definition has in turn been utilized to create the category “people with disabilities”, which is erroneously based on the perception that disabled people are similar in various major
Disability The concept of disability continues to confound our society. Whether it is Barnes & Mercer (2010) just randomly throwing out an absurd straw man that lumps all of Western society into a singular hate-filled ball that they can tear apart, or it is just government and business seeking to find reasonable, compassionate solutions to a complex social issue, disability is something that we collectively have a hard time understanding.
Disability and Society in Scotland, UK Analysis of theoretical Perspectives on Disability in Scotland Corbett (1991) is of the opinion that the idea of 'normality' that is present in the British culture has a contradiction. He says that it generally creates a fear of being different, while at the same time laying great stress on retaining ones individuality. To achieve this individuality people try to stand out in different areas of life
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