Delinquent Youth Subculture -- Gangs Research Paper

Length: 6 pages Sources: 12 Subject: Children Type: Research Paper Paper: #63719825 Related Topics: Youth Gangs, Canadian Culture, Korean Culture, Youth
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Individuals usually discover their norms from numerous mingling agent such as teacher, parents, ministers, friends, family, co-workers, and including mass media. In brief, youths discover illegal conduct, like different actions, from their connections with other youths, chiefly in groups that are close.

The differential-association theory relates to numerous forms of actions that are different. For instance, gangs that are juvenile set an atmosphere in which youths discover a life of being a criminal offender. These gangs describe themselves as countercultural and worship aggression, vengeance, and corruption as a way to achieving social position. Those in gangs discover to be irregular as they try to hold on to their gang's customs and dangerous way of life.

Differential-association theory has donated to the area of criminology in its emphasis on the developing character of misbehavior. People get deviance from their peers and those that they socialize with. Critics of the differential-association theory, in contrast, claim the haziness of the theory's vocabulary does not loan itself to the area of social science examination approaches or empirical authentication.

Society's Response

Societies all over have issues with gang aggression. John E. Douglas, who is a Criminologist and crime writer talked about how the spread of street gangs in the U.S. And the hostility related with them is troubling. He stated that gangs have an existence in 93% of most of the cities in the United States with populations bigger than 100,000 (Delmont, M. 2009)). An amount of investigations have been managed allocating with gang violence all over the world. There are many existing efforts and propositions for future alterations to resolve the issue of gang hostility. In the city of Austin, which is located in Texas, a Parks and recreation manager came up with an institution called the "Get Real" program. This institution is still on small level, but it has encouragingly had an affect on the lives of a many youths. The inventiveness provides funds for youth that have left the right path and fallen on the wrong one. To be able to keep the youth off the streets, arranged activities are put together (Wesley, J.M. 2010)). The "CRASH" (Community Resources against Hoodlums) is another program that has huge influences on troubled youths. The program gives mediators to be on the streets with the gang members. The new members were then adept to intermingle with the previous associates of the gang. The program was fruitful in comprising outbreaks that are violent.

Parents give an influential place when it comes to stopping their children from participating...

...

Parental teaching segments, materials, and developments of training should be willingly obtainable in education to teach constructive, and actual parenting. The parenting abilities are normally helpful, and they should distribute care and be knowledgeable. Reid Patterson of the Journal of Behavioral Disorders, declares that parental should put into operation dependable and fair correction, they should be cautious supervising activities, hold family management methods, immersed in their child's daily life, and talking to their kids everyday about their experiences and teach techniques that are problem solving. Merrill Singer, a criminologist, believes that the parents need to attempt and decrease and get rid of as many harmful factors as they can. The community must recommit to make sure their kids are raised safe. Thousands are in crisis because of stressors from poverty and having no jobs. This is developing in a productive breed position for behavior that is anti-social (Ha, J.S., & Park, J. 2011).

Conclusion

Since they both result in social modification and adjust to it, subgroups -- comprising of unlawful and criminal subgroups -- persist to be significant hypothetically, empirically, and realistically (that is, as a subject of a strategy that is social). Robert Sampson and his collaborators (1997) get that eagerness to interfere on behalf of the common good, together with collective efficacy, is related with lower rates of violent crime in Chicago neighborhoods. This proposes that emerging means to inspire recognition of the society with each other and heartening them to assist each other in their mutual interests will improve community power and help deteriorate the encouragement of subgroups that inspire illegal and criminal actions.

Reference:

Urban violence and street gangs. (2003). Annual Review of Anthropology, 32(00846570), 225-225-242.

Alvarez, A., & Bachman, R. (1997). Predicting the fear of assault at school and while going to and from school in an adolescent population. Violence and Victims, 12(1), 69-69-86. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208554672?accountid=34899

Barakett, J., & Leonard, J. (1999). Resisting youth subcultures: Classroom practice and critical pedagogy. Transformations, 10(2), 85-85.

Clark, C.M. (1992). Deviant adolescent subcultures: Assessment strategies and clinical interventions. Adolescence, 27(106), 283-283-93.

Delmont, M. (2009). Youth of color and the city. American Quarterly, 61(4), 955-955-965,997.

Edwards, A.S. (1956). Review of delinquent boys: The culture of the gang. Journal of Educational Psychology, 47(6), 382-382-383. doi:10.1037/h0039778

Escobar, C. (2007). La sierra. The Americas, 63(3), 510-510-511. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/209597149?accountid=34899

Ha, J.S., & Park, J. (2011). Significance of changing korean youth subculture styles. Asian Culture and History, 3(1), 23-23-30.

Hagedorn, J.M. (1999). Gangs and youth subcultures: International explorations. Contemporary Sociology, 28(5), 609-609-611.

Mooney, K. (1998). 'Ducktails, flick-knives and pugnacity': Subcultural and hegemonic masculinities in south africa, 1948-1960. Journal of Southern African Studies, 24(4), 753-753-774.

Schmid, C. (1995). Soiled identities: Anti-foreigner political violence, structural location and social action in contemporary germany. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 20(2), 227-227-244.

Wesley, J.M. (2010). Mean streets: Chicago youths and the everyday struggle for empowerment in the multiracial city, 1908-1969. The Journal of…

Sources Used in Documents:

Reference:

Urban violence and street gangs. (2003). Annual Review of Anthropology, 32(00846570), 225-225-242.

Alvarez, A., & Bachman, R. (1997). Predicting the fear of assault at school and while going to and from school in an adolescent population. Violence and Victims, 12(1), 69-69-86. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208554672?accountid=34899

Barakett, J., & Leonard, J. (1999). Resisting youth subcultures: Classroom practice and critical pedagogy. Transformations, 10(2), 85-85.

Clark, C.M. (1992). Deviant adolescent subcultures: Assessment strategies and clinical interventions. Adolescence, 27(106), 283-283-93.


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