International and Intercultural Communication However, the Japanese are more of paternalistic society, and they are loyal to their companies that make their in-group situational.
The power distance between the U.S. and Japan are near matching showing that they are almost equal, and hence, inequality is not that great and the influence of people regarding ideas and behavior is same. In the society, people are different. The attitudes of culture towards power inequalities are almost the same with a difference of 14, where the U.S.A. has 40 and Japan 54. Japan is greater than the U.S., but the difference is minimal compared to the other variables under scrutiny such as long-term orientation and individualism. This shows that the use of power is legitimate, and subjects to the criteria of good and evil plus their assessment systems are based on the precise setting of targets. The mentality of the people in both U.S. and Japan is that of 'can do,' which has created dynamism in the society. Moreover, the hierarchy means the inequality of roles established for convenience and the government is based on a pluralist approach where majority vote and change is peaceful (National Culture. (n.d.).
The differences between the two countries relate to individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, and indulgence. The U.S. is an individualistic society because individuals are primarily concerned with their interest and those of their immediate family. Japan is more of a collectivistic society because it puts harmony of the group above the expression of individual opinions and the ...
Japan's uncertainty is at 95, and this shows that the society is most masculine and severe competition is between groups, which start at young kindergarten age. Therefore, the motivation of the Japanese corporation is in fighting, and they are winning against competitors. Besides, their excellence drive and perfection of masculinity in every aspect of their lives is in material production, in services (restaurants and hotels) and presentation (food presentation and gift-wrapping). The Japanese are also workaholics, and this has made it hard for women to climb the corporate ladders due to the masculinity norm of long working hours. Americans, on the other hand, show their masculinity on an individual scale and theirs is upfront.
The uncertainty avoidance for America is at 46, which is a low score. This affects their behavior more than when their culture would have scored higher like Japan. Therefore, their degree of acceptance regarding new ideas, innovative products, and willingness is fair since they are more than willing to try new things be it technology, food or business practices. They are more tolerant of opinions and or ideas from anyone and allow freedom…
However, the Japanese are more of paternalistic society, and they are loyal to their companies that make their in-group situational.
Culture of Interest: Japan Theoretical foundations of cultural and cross-cultural analysis: Japan and America Japan: Mildly collectivist culture American culture American: An individualistic culture Similarities and differences in Japanese and U.S. culture Potential biases of researcher Appendix I- Hofstede four Dimensional Theory Edward Tylor (1832-1917) defines culture as a collection of customs, laws, morals, knowledge, and symbols displayed by a society and its constituting members. Culture is form of collective expression by groups of people. Since the dawn
In the U.S., IDV reaches a very high level, which means that the society has a more individualistic attitude and is characterized by relatively loose human relationships. The high MAS level in the U.S. reveals the fact that there is a higher degree of gender differentiation of roles. Same as in the case of Japan, it means that the female population in the U.S. tends to be more assertive and
Culture Training Doing business in foreign countries inevitably means exposure for foreign cultures and customs. How business reacts to these cultures often dictates whether or not that business is going to succeed in the foreign market. International business trainers face cultural issues when teaching American business skills and practices to foreign audiences. Often, things that are taken for granted when dealing with an American audience can be challenging for a foreign
They wanted to know the best places to go after work, and expected him to help them in that regard. Hanes finally told his Japanese trainers "he preferred not to mix business with pleasure." Within a couple days, the group requested another instructor. The critical issue here, one can quickly discern, is that Hanes did not do his homework on the Japanese business culture; if he had, he would know
Silence too is an important part of communication in Singapore. It is customary to pause before answering a question, to indicate that the person has given the question the appropriate thought and consideration that is needed. Westerners habit of responding quickly to a question, to Singaporeans, often indicates thoughtlessness and rude behavior. Their demeanor is typically calm, and Westerners more aggressive style is often seen as off putting ("Singapore:
Japanese Culture Key Components of Japanese Culture As with every culture, Japanese culture includes a number of elements which make the culture uniquely its own. Japan is a very homogeneous nation whose people place high value on the norms of acceptable behavior. The Japanese value harmony, conformity and predictability. Japanese cultural norms require people to go to great lengths to avoid actions that might disrupt the harmony of the group. Japanese people