Discreet Charm Of The Bourgeoisie Embody The Research Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Literature Type: Research Paper Paper: #19781161 Related Topics: The Awakening, Tale Of Two Cities, Torture, Broken Windows
Excerpt from Research Paper :

¶ … Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie embody the aims of Surrealism as stipulated in Andre Breton's Surrealist Manifesto?

Breton's Surrealist Manifesto, was written in homage to one Guillaume Apollinaire, who had died recently, and who, on quite a number of occasions, seemed to have followed a field of this kind, but without ever having sacrificed it to any kind of mediocre literary forms. Soupault and I, referred to this new form of pure expression, that was at our disposal, and which we fervently wished to share with our friends, by the term SURREALISM. I do believe that, in today's world there is no need of pondering any further on meaning of this word, since the meaning that we had given it initially, has prevailed against its Apollinarian meaning (Breton).

To be fair, we could have deployed the word SUPERNATURALISM that was first used in this context by Gerard de Nerval in his homage to the Filles de feu. It seems however, that Nerval had the spirit that we do claim to have a tie to, however, on the other hand, Apollinaire possessed nothing other than the letter of Surrealism, having portrayed himself as not being able to offer any valid theoretical explanation for it. The critics who might be against our right to use the word SURREALISM in the special context that we do understand it to mean are being very dishonest, for there is no doubt that this particular term had no history and emphasis before we started using...

...

Therefore, I am hereby defining it finally:

SURREALISM, n. This is Psychic automatism in its very pure state, the state by which one suggests to verbally express, or even using written word or any other form of media, the real functioning of thought. It is determined entirely by thought and lacks any control brought about by reason; it is also not restricted by moral or aesthetic concerns (Breton).

Robert Desnos, who is regarded perhaps as having gotten nearest to the Surrealist truth in the course of many experiments (that he was party to), and in his numerous unpublished works, through which he justified the hope many people, including myself, had placed in surrealism, and led me to have the belief that there was still a lot more that could come of Surrealism. Desnos articulates Surrealism, utilizing his extraordinary agility. His thought is however of as much worth to as any number of amazing speeches that are lost, since Desnos seemingly has better things to occupy his time with, than record his speeches. Desnos reads himself almost like an open book, and does not do anything to retain pages (Breton).

Bunuel's 1972 criticism on the privileged classes does not in any way seem surrealistic as was his first film. In this film, Bunuel breaks the world into the "reality" of 6 friends as they try to have dinner together, and the tales of dreams and more dreams within dreams which interrupt and lie…

Sources Used in Documents:

Bibliography

Acker, Melissa. Senses of Cinema. December 2013. 21 August 2015. Retrieved from: http://sensesofcinema.com/2013/cteq/the-discreet-charm-of-the-bourgeoisie/

Ahrens, Julie. Parallax View. 26 July 2010. 21 August 2015. Retrieved from: http://parallax-view.org/2010/07/26/getting-what-you-need-luis-bunuels-un-chien-andalou-discreet-charm-of-the-bourgeoisie-and-that-obscure-object-of-desire/

Breton, Andre. "Manifesto of Surrealism." 1924.


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