¶ … Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie embody the aims of Surrealism as stipulated in Andre Breton's Surrealist Manifesto?
Breton's Surrealist Manifesto, was written in homage to one Guillaume Apollinaire, who had died recently, and who, on quite a number of occasions, seemed to have followed a field of this kind, but without ever having sacrificed it to any kind of mediocre literary forms. Soupault and I, referred to this new form of pure expression, that was at our disposal, and which we fervently wished to share with our friends, by the term SURREALISM. I do believe that, in today's world there is no need of pondering any further on meaning of this word, since the meaning that we had given it initially, has prevailed against its Apollinarian meaning (Breton).
To be fair, we could have deployed the word SUPERNATURALISM that was first used in this context by Gerard de Nerval in his homage to the Filles de feu. It seems however, that Nerval had the spirit that we do claim to have a tie to, however, on the other hand, Apollinaire possessed nothing other than the letter of Surrealism, having portrayed himself as not being able to offer any valid theoretical explanation for it. The critics who might be against our right to use the word SURREALISM in the special context that we do understand it to mean are being very dishonest, for there is no doubt that this particular term had no history and emphasis before we started using...
Therefore, I am hereby defining it finally:
SURREALISM, n. This is Psychic automatism in its very pure state, the state by which one suggests to verbally express, or even using written word or any other form of media, the real functioning of thought. It is determined entirely by thought and lacks any control brought about by reason; it is also not restricted by moral or aesthetic concerns (Breton).
Robert Desnos, who is regarded perhaps as having gotten nearest to the Surrealist truth in the course of many experiments (that he was party to), and in his numerous unpublished works, through which he justified the hope many people, including myself, had placed in surrealism, and led me to have the belief that there was still a lot more that could come of Surrealism. Desnos articulates Surrealism, utilizing his extraordinary agility. His thought is however of as much worth to as any number of amazing speeches that are lost, since Desnos seemingly has better things to occupy his time with, than record his speeches. Desnos reads himself almost like an open book, and does not do anything to retain pages (Breton).
Bunuel's 1972 criticism on the privileged classes does not in any way seem surrealistic as was his first film. In this film, Bunuel breaks the world into the "reality" of 6 friends as they try to have dinner together, and the tales of dreams and more dreams within dreams which interrupt and lie…
Awakening, which might have been more aptly titled, The Sexual Awakening shocked the delicate and rigid sensibilities of Kate Chopin's contemporaries of 1899, although many of those contemporaries were slowly experiencing awakenings of their own. In telling the story of a married woman who begins to realize that she is an individual human being, rather than a nonentity made up of female roles assigned by a male-dominated society, Chopin immediately
Awakenings - Dr. Oliver Sack Film Based on a true story about Dr. Oliver Sack's work in the 1960s, Penny Marshall's film Awakenings elucidates the challenges of clinical experimental psychology. Dr. Sack's fictionalized character, Dr. Malcolm Sayer had worked as a laboratory researcher until he was forced to accept a new position treating catatonic patients at a Bronx mental institution. His relative inexperience in a clinical setting could be partly to
It is Edna who achieves both the awakening of the title, the awareness of how the social traditions imposed on her are stifling her and preventing her from expressing herself as she would wish, and also fails in that she cannot overcome these traditions and so chooses suicide rather than continue under such a repressive system. Chopin implies that there is a danger in awakening, in understanding the nature of
The figures that, during the novel, have the greatest role in shaping Edna Pontellier's character, and therefore the figures from whom she must escape, are her husband and children. It is her role as wife and mother that is supposed to define her, as it did for much of recorded history. Women were thought to have very little value outside of the home, especially in the higher classes (when it
Awakening mother-women ( Adele Ratignolle) mother-Women ( Edna Back to Sleep: Edna's Fate Kate Chopin's The Awakening functions as a turn of the century tragedy regarding the domesticated lot of women in American society. Its protagonist, Edna Pontellier, is forced to forsake all of the wonder, delight, and sensations of life -- those that are intrinsically hers, anyway -- for an unyielding society in which her only virtue is that of
Awakening ONE (a): The Awakening speaks to the fact that women were breaking away from the dependence they had on men (and the power men had over women as a cultural tradition). When Edna learns to swim, for example, she is extremely happy that she has control over something that propels her; Chopin uses Edna's emerging independence (and Edna's repulsion for the "…vague, tangled, chaotic…exceedingly disturbing" truth about her own