Domestic violence poses serious mental and physical health risks. In fact, it is estimated that" more than 1.5 million women nationwide seek medical treatment for injuries related to abuse each year" (Stark, 2001, p. 347(Tomison, 2003)). Those who are abused can experience mental health issues, such as anxiety attacks, posttraumatic stress disorder, chronic depression, acute stress disorder, and suicidal thoughts and ideation (Tomison, 2003)."
Domestic violence in America comes with an annual $R44 million price tag with more than 20,000 hospital stays and 40,000 doctor visits each year (Tomison, 2003).
One of the issues that literature has uncovered is a lack of services or resources for women who are the victim of abuse by their domestic partner.
Shelters and batterer's intervention programs are often geographically inaccessible and not community based (Asbury, 1987; Williams & Becker, 1994; Williams-Campbell, 1993). Inaccessible services are less likely to be used despite the need. Transportation constraints, lack of money to get to appointments, and fear of entering a perceived hostile environment often result in a decreased likelihood of victims including African-Americans keeping appointments and fully participating in services (Tomison, 2003)."
Research has also uncovered issues that individuals have with seeking help for domestic violence issues that include lack of transportation to get to support groups, lack of childcare during the support groups, lack of access to the resources or the resources are filled to capacity at the time the victim calls for help.
With the evidence the literature provides it is evident that domestic violence prevention needs to target the provision of more accessible programs. In addition the research indicates that across the board with all victims education to recognize the early signs of a potentially abusive relationship is crucial to the reduction of domestic violence.
Domestic violence continues to be a serious issue in America. Children who are exposed to domestic violence are more prone to becoming victims of domestic violence in their adult relationships. It is important to work with them one on one to help them develop high self-esteem and to have a safety plan for themselves in the future. It is also important to teach them...
Education of young adults and adolescents to recognize the early warning signs is an important step to the reduction of its incidence.
Adults who are victims of domestic violence need to be educated not only on how to retreat from domestic violence relationships but also of the importance of not exposing their children to domestic violence so that the cycle can stop.
Further studies need to be done to identify individual programs that will be helpful in this endeavor. Long-term studies need to be performed to follow children who have received help to determine how successful the intervention was.
Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.(2004) Perceptions of domestic violence: a dialogue with African-American women. Health and Social Work
Tomison, Adam M (2003)an analysis of current Australian program initiatives for children exposed to domestic violence. Australian Journal of Social Issues
Sharron M. (2005) Dating violence prevention in middle school and high school youth.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Indermaur, D. (2001) Young Australians and Domestic Violence Trends and Issues, no. 195, Australian Institute of Criminology.
Irwin, J. & Wilkinson, M. (1997), 'Women, children and domestic violence', Women Against Violence, (3) pp. 15-22.
Kirby, L. & Fraser, M. (1997), 'Risk and resilience in childhood', in Fraser, M. (ed.), Risk and Resiliency in Childhood: An Ecological Perspective, NASW Press, Washington, DC.
Kolbo, J., Blakely, E. And Engleman, D. (1996) 'Children Who Witness Domestic Violence: A Review of Empirical Literature', Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 11 (2), 281-293.
Laing, L. (2000) 'Progress, trends and challenges in Australian responses to domestic violence', Issues Paper, Australian Domestic Violence Clearinghouse, Canberra, No. 1.
Laumakis, M., Margolin, G. & John, R. (1998) 'The Emotional, Cognitive and Coping Reponses of Preadolescent Children to Different Dimensions of Marital Conflict', in G. Holden, R. Geffner & E. Jouriles (eds), Children exposed to Marital Violence, American Psychological Association, USA.
Markowitz, F. (2001) 'Attitudes and family violence: linking intergenerational and cultural theories,' Journal of Family Violence, (16) 2, 205-218.
Matthews, D. (1995) 'Parenting Groups for Men Who Batter', in E. Peled, P. Jaffe & J. Edleson (eds), Ending the Cycle of Violence: Community Responses to Children of Battered Women, Sage Publications, USA
Mathias, J., Mertin, P. & Murray, a. (1995) 'The Psychological Functioning of Children from Backgrounds of Domestic Violence', Australian Psychologist, 30 (1), 47-56.
Michaelson, R.C. (1997) 'School-based child sexual abuse prevention: What works? Results of…
Impact of the problem The possible consequences of the continuation of domestic violence are visible both at the level of the society in terms of human suffering, as well as at the level o the financial perspectives affecting the state and local budget. In the first case, domestic violence, as stated before represents a means through which constant violence, abuse and physiological stress can be perpetuated. At the same time, children become
Domestic Violence Evolution of Domestic Violence to Today: What it Is, and How We See It Domestic violence has become a very important issue to be tackled in today's society. Fortunately, over the years, many have recognized the need to address this issue, which can grow to quite serious proportions. In order to provide a context for the following paragraphs, I would like to include some statistics on domestic violence here. Though
Domestic violence is a complex problem requiring a multiagency response. This response should include a range of advocacy, support, engagement with the criminal and civil justice systems and with other voluntary and statutory sector agencies. Domestic violence and emotional abuse are behaviors utilized by one person in a relationship to control the other person. Partners may be married or not, heterosexual, gay or lesbian, separated or dating. Abuse encompasses such behaviors as
The SAFE Act not only protects victims of domestic violence, but also helps them become effective members of the country's economy. Domestic violence also account for about fifteen percent of total crimes committed in the United States. Reports from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institute of Health indicate that each year, 5, 300, 000 non-fatal violent victimization committed by intimated partners against women are recorded. Female murder
Domestic violence is often overlooked or simplified. People assume children who become exposed to domestic violence only exhibit negative symptoms. Just a couple of decades ago, few had any idea of the impact domestic violence had and continues to have on a child. From growing up and dealing with the pain and/or stigma, to lesser social skills and bad coping mechanisms, the effects of domestic violence on children are clearly
Domestic Violence Is Domestic Violence a Learned Behavior? Unfortunately, domestic violence is a learned behavior. There are many forms of domestic violence and/or abuse: Physical, Sexual, Ritualistic, Verbal, Emotional, Religious, Silent, Elder, Economic, Using Children, Threats, Intimidation, Sibling, Cultural, Isolation, Personal, Institutional, and Witness Abuse, etc.… However, they all have the same common denominator: the perpetrator's desire to gain and maintain POWER and CONTROL in the relationship (Laws 2011). Domestic violence or