Upon first seeing Dubai, Saunders marvels at the humor of the place. He finds most things about the place ironic, especially as Saunders contemplates the process of "Theming" that consumes much of Dubai's development. Like a theme park, Dubai creates an artificial atmosphere. Dubai is a city in a bubble. It is also full of the contradictions that make Dubai titillating, including the sharp differential created between ancient and modern. This differential between ancient and modern is, ironically, manifest in the Theming of the city as the ancient nomadic customs and aesthetics are turned into as much a caricature of themselves as Dubai's malls are caricatures of Western-style consumerism.
Dubai is "capitalism on steroids" because like an athlete on steroids, it is strong, powerful, and resilient with the help of artificial performance enhancers. This is why Saunders refers to the "Misconception from Afar." The reality of Dubai and the facade occupy two different realms. The reality feeds the facade, provides the facade with cheap labor, and hides in the background like the oompah-loompahs at Willie Wonka's chocolate factory. Saunders interacts with several of Dubai's oompah-loompahs: everyone from South Indian laborers to Thai prostitutes. The cogs that make the machine work are invisible, and they are also segregated. To see the poor laborers who built Dubai would undermine the mirage, and expose the man, or men, behind the curtain. Male laborers from Bangladesh and Sri Lanka cannot enter the hotels they built with their own hands. The irony ceases to become humorous, and becomes a crushing reality shining light in the crack between the conceptual and the real. The crack reveals the potential for anger and schism between rich and poor, and is the potential place from where aggression can emerge. Brewing beneath the surface in Dubai, and also most places in the Gulf region and throughout the Middle East,...
That chasm is made potently visible in Dubai, on the level of practical mockery.
Unfortunately for the workers, their future depends on suppressing that aggression, or at least deferring it until a more opportune moment. To shake things up and loosen the fault lines in Dubai now would indeed mean returning home to…nothing. A mirage is better than nothing, particularly when it pays many times more than what could be earned at home and arguably with greater benefits. "Of course, somewhere in India is a guy who'd kill to do some stair-washing in Dubai," (Saunders 2). The temporary worker system in Dubai grants workers no actual rights, and indentures many of them to near-slavery, but the world has become so messed up, Saunders notes, that Dubai proves to be the good option. After all, when they return to where they came, the workers do not gaze upon the storied skyline of one of the world's miracle cities. The women in the sex trade likewise have no prospects, or prospects that would be far bleaker than those in the Laurentian desert.
Irony permeates Saunders' visit, as when he observes the man hand-washing the stairs and states, "My job is to observe him hand-washing the stairs, then go inside the air-conditioned lobby and order a cold beer and take notes about his stair-washing so I can go home and write about it, making more for writing about it than he'll make in many, many years of doing it," (2). In Dubai, everyone has a role, a part to play. All the world's a stage. "It's a big world, and I really like it," Saunders states," (2). Saunders locates the common ground bonding together people as disparate as he and the stair cleaner from India.
Dubai's fault lines create tremors in Saunders' consciousness, triggering cognitions about concepts that extend beyond the borders of the city. After all, Dubai is a global city, it belongs…
Steroids -- an Introduction to Purpose, Uses and Abuses TYPES OF STEROIDS HOW STEROIDS WORK USERS OF STEROIDS MEDICAL USE OF STEROIDS HOW ARE STEROIDS ABUSED EFFECTS OF STEROIDS ON HEALTH EFFECTS OF STEROIDS ON BEHAVIOR PREVENTION & TREATMENT OF STEROID ABUSE Steroids are used for many purposes. This paper highlights the introduction of steroids i.e. its basic function. It also explains the multiple uses of steroids by people from different fields of profession. Normal perception of people is
What causes women to risk their health? Clearly the hoped-for effect is to improve their performances. Sutton explains that a woman on anabolic steroids will have less body fat and her body muscle mass will offer her more strength. "She may also develop euphoria and a heightened self-esteem… and have much more energy" (Sutton, 4). Moreover, women on steroids may experience "…heightened sexual arousal" and athletically inclined men are apt
E., their use of anabolic steroids (and whether they had ever been offered steroids), their involvement in power sports, appearance and eating problems, and problem behavior. Background information about the participants included their degree of urbanization, parental socioeconomic status and the region to which they belonged. Analyses of the study's results show that the prevalence of steroid use among Norwegian youth was lower (lifetime use was 0.8% and 12 months prevalence
Officers of the USADA attended the athletes' training or visited them at home to conduct drug tests. Officials and Association experts found that many athletes would risk harmful side effects or disqualification just to take these substances. Professional athletes, like Adam Nelson, however, won a silver medal at the 2000 Olympics. He was open and vocal against the use of steroids in sports. He was particularly opposed to the
They have serious psychological effects as players begin to be dependant on steroids and begin to feel that the player needs steroids to maintain their performance. This becomes very apparent when players stop using steroids as then the positive effects is slowly lost and the players feel that they are no longer competitive. This leads to serious depression. (Effects of Steroids on the Human Body) the health risks that
Org). Women do not take steroids as often as men, but they also experience the full range of effects, from growing body and facial hair to increased aggression, as well as the same long-term health effects (Steroids.com). The long-term effects of high levels of steroid use are largely unknown (Drug Free.org). Some of the effects, however, are an enlarged liver and liver tumors, jaundice, permanent changes to secondary sex characteristics (such