Dysfunctions and Their Therapies Dysfunctions and Remedies Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Dysfunctions and Their Therapies

Dysfunctions and Remedies involved

Treatment and Control of Dysfunctions

The Thought Focused Treatment System

The thought focused treatment systems are those which narrow down to thought processes and systems of belief. The system believes in the child developing process being the cause of dysfunction. Social learning and modeling of ideas result to the personalities of an individual. The personalities result to experiences such as thoughts and feelings, critical learning, and the imitation of these behaviors. For instance, the child develops thoughts and behaviors from the parents. If the parents hide their feelings and never cry, the child grows knowing that crying is not the solution. The environment directly affects the child's thoughts. Therefore, if an individual's development is distorted in any manner, there is likely to be an experience of dysfunctional issues or poor health. An individual learns how to cope with stress and problems in life and imitates the life patterns of the people surrounding them. It is, therefore, the environment one is brought up in, that defines one behavior, and resistance to dysfunctional effects. The treatment system, seeks to change irrationality and faulty thinking capacity of an individual, through education on thought and behavioral related matters. The therapy is, therefore, effective only when the individual thoughts and behavior are normal (Grohol, 2004).

Psychoanalytical / Psychodynamic approach

In this theory, unlike the thought focused treatment system, model of illness focuses on what is lacking in the individual. The scholars of this theory define an individual's development as a process that is "dynamic" from childhood to end of life. The dysfunctional state of adult individuals is related to their childhood. The stages of development including the ego, super ego and identity, are used to determine the individual's personality. The adult's lives are analyzed, to ensure they hardly missed some of the stages of development, which include the psychosexual development in childhood. Any mental disorders, according to this theory, are linked to unsuccessful progress in the early stages of life development, which in turn affect the personality structure of an individual. In most cases, the therapists use interpretations to analyze the position of an individual, in terms of behavior. The therapists need time with clients to watch their behaviors closely, and determine their thoughts and even feelings (Grohol, 2004).

Irrational beliefs used by REBT therapists

The Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is a philosophical therapy which was created by Ellis Albert. The therapists aim at analyzing how different individuals distort information in different ways. The focus of the therapy is the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). The list of original distortions include; personalization, catastrophizing, arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, overgeneralizing, labeling and dichotomous thinking. For the purpose of this paper, critical analysis is done for the personalization and selective abstraction.


Personalization is usually experienced when attributes of certain events which are external are related to an individual. For instance, when one goes to a shop, and the attendant speaks in a rude manner, then the individual realizes and acknowledges to being the cause of the disagreement, then there will be a plausible form of explanation for such behavior.

Selective abstraction

The distortion happens when an individual makes decisions and judgments basing on specific information and disregarding other information. For example, one goes to a party and really has a good time. In the course of enjoying, someone accidentally steps on the shoe. The individual concludes the party was bad, and leaves out the enjoyable parts experienced.

Common cognitive distortion

Cognitive distortions happen when the mind convinces individuals of imaginary things, which are in fact hardly true. The inaccurate thoughts usually lead to individual shaving emotions and negative feelings.…

Sources Used in Documents:


Grohol, J.M. (2004, September 21). Types of Therapies: Theoretical Orientations and Practices of Therapists. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/therapy.htm

Grohol, J.M. (2011). 15 Common Cognitive Distortions. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/lib/2009/15-common-cognitive-distortions/

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