Eleven Key Areas Of Effective Reading Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Teaching Type: Essay Paper: #72100345 Related Topics: Literacy, Information Literacy, Reading, Second Language
Excerpt from Essay :

Education: Language Abilities and Literacy Development

Language ability is vitally linked to literacy development. In fact, an effective approach to literacy development is its treatment as a "processing of written language." As the eleven key areas for effective reading show, the varying language abilities of children must be analyzed and addressed to fashion a literacy program enhancing their abilities in those areas.

Literacy development is linked to a number of human abilities and external forces. The influence of these factors is most often determined through their negative impacts on literacy. Some of those factors include: physical impairments such as hearing deficiencies, vision deficiencies or other impairments; external causes such as minimal or no exposure to written sources, oral stories or language beyond television, the child's lack of attention to accessible language or written sources (Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 32), inadequate preschool opportunities or instruction in literacy, and/or incompatibility between the child's development and opportunities provided by home and school (Netten, Droop, & Verhoeven, 2011, p. 414). Nevertheless, an educator is faced with providing adequate literacy development for children of varying abilities, in areas including but not limited to language.

One effective approach to dealing with literacy development is to treat it as the "processing of written language" and treat language as the child's most important resource, acquired through his/her interactions with his/her family, friends and community at large (Netten, Droop, & Verhoeven, 2011, p. 414; Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 32). Examining the aspects of this important resource of language -- any language - experts find that it consists of: a meaning system with ideas, labels and...


1225; Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 32). Though written language differs from oral language in certain ways, the more facile a child is with oral language, the easier reading will be for the child. Oral language abilities help or hinder literacy development because: his/her abilities with syntax help the child anticipate words and reduce incorrect alternative words; his/her knowledge of syntax helps the child understand that the words "sound right"; his/her knowledge of meaning helps the child know whether the words make sense; his/her knowledge of phonology will help the child recognize sounds and connect them with the written letters; his/her vocabulary will help him/her decipher written words (Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 34). Areas of literacy difficulty specifically connected to language are found in the areas of language processing and phonological processing. "Language processing" is the capability of using the systems of language while reading. Those systems are meaning, syntax, and phonology, all of which rely on rules (Conrad, Harris, & Williams, 2013, p. 1225; Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 33). "Phonological processing" is the awareness of speech consisting of sounds, the capability of identifying, isolating and manipulating sounds into spoken words (Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 33). When a child has lesser abilities or disabilities in any of these areas, he/she requires additional help to enrich and supplement the child's abilities.

Though different specific systems exist, effective reading consists of eleven abilities, discussed here in no particular order of importance. First, the reader should be able to decipher words through the use of phonology, perception, syntax, vocabulary, memory an experience (Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 41), and an example of difficulty in this area is the child's inability to link sounds and letters. Secondly, the reader should readily monitor and correct his/her reading to ensure that it is sensible, sounds correct and looks correct (Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 41), and an example of difficulty in this area is a child who simply reads words and keeps going without a sensible sounding sentence. Third, the reader should be able to summarize whatever he/she has read (Fountas & Pinnell, When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works, 2009, p. 41), and an example of difficulty in this area is…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Conrad, N.J., Harris, N., & Williams, J. (2013). Individual differences in children's literacy development: the contribution of orthographic knowledge. Reading and Writing, 26(8), 1223-1239.

Fountas, I., & Pinnell, G.S. (2009). When Readers Struggle: Teaching That Works. Portsmouth: Heinemann.

Netten, A., Droop, M., & Verhoeven, L. (2011). Predictors of reading literacy for first and second language learners. Reading and Writing, 24(4), 413-425.

Cite this Document:

"Eleven Key Areas Of Effective Reading" (2015, June 01) Retrieved January 25, 2022, from

"Eleven Key Areas Of Effective Reading" 01 June 2015. Web.25 January. 2022. <

"Eleven Key Areas Of Effective Reading", 01 June 2015, Accessed.25 January. 2022,

Related Documents
Second Language Acquisition Metacognitive Listening
Words: 3409 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 33855065

" Stated to be indentified in this framework are three categories of knowledge that represent "key components in the process of cognitive appraisal" which are those of: 1) Person knowledge; 2) Task knowledge; and 3) Strategy knowledge. Task knowledge is stated to "acknowledge the successes or failures in one's learning. Person knowledge is related to one's learning abilities and knowledge about internal and external factors that affect the success of failure in one's learning."

Fine Arts & the K-12
Words: 9437 Length: 30 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 76825900

Thus, we assume that children gifted in the arts are every bit as intellectually endowed as those with academic gifts. The relationships among giftedness, talent development, and creativity are challenging areas of research. Because researchers lack consensus about what constitutes creativity itself, progress in developing operational definitions of "creativity" has been slow (Clark & Zimmerman, 1992-page 344; Csikzentmihalyi, 1996; Hunsaker & Callahan, 1995-page 2). Although some scholars agree that creative

Organizational Diagnosis of Palm
Words: 2397 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Business - Management Paper #: 40614387

Organizational Diagnosis of Palm Palm Computing had reinvented the hand held computer market overnight with the line of PalmPilot and similar devices geared to the mobile gadget industry. According to Clancy (1999), "Palm Computing ultimately sold faster than the videocassette recorder, the color TV, the cell phone, even the personal computer that was its great-grandfather. Introduced in April 1996, within 18 months Palm Computing had shipped more than 1 million units

Innovation Ethic in Chapter 4 Of Perils
Words: 1352 Length: 4 Pages Topic: American History Paper #: 91827397

Innovation Ethic In Chapter 4 of Perils of Prosperity, John Sarno argues that American industry does not really have an innovation ethic, and as a result it has been very badly damaged by the system of global capitalism and free trade that the U.S. government created after World War II. They were not prepared for the intense foreign competition that began to hit them full force in the 1970s and 1980s.

Phraseology Is Vital for Aviation
Words: 9175 Length: 20 Pages Topic: Transportation Paper #: 15002570

2. Approach Clearances According to the article, "Back door IFR: When stratus happens and you didn't file, you'll need to sweet talk your way into the system. Here are some practical tips to do that safely" (2006 obtaining an IFR clearance, literally on the fly, does not constitute not a to be taken for granted privilege. Approximately 15 years ago, U.S. pilots almost lost a significant portion of this flexibility, when the

Close Scrutiny of Books; Journal
Words: 9042 Length: 30 Pages Topic: Military Paper #: 21005672

2) states: An eligible employee shall be entitled to a total of seven days of leave because of the death of a parent, spouse, son, daughter, or person for whom the employee serves as designated representative... If the deceased died in the line of duty as a member of the uniformed services. Such leave is intended to permit the employee to prepare for or attend the burial ceremony of the