Entrepreneurship as it Relates to Term Paper

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It appears that workgroups have a strong impact on the behaviour of the individuals within them as the workgroup sees a strong demand for something in the marketplace and works toward supplying it (Zahra, Nielsen & Bogner, 1999). It is quite likely that others in their workgroup will all go along with this issue even if many of them have not considered entrepreneurship before (Zahra, Nielsen & Bogner, 1999). There are very high levels of interest in academic entrepreneurship but there appears to be little data on the nature of it within universities (Bresnahan, Gambardella, & Saxenian, 2001). Some of this may have to do with the fact that it is often kept quiet until it is determined for certain whether an individual at a particular university is going to make an attempt at entrepreneurship and whether the demand for particular product is actually there (Bresnahan, Gambardella, & Saxenian, 2001).

Chapter Three - Methodology

Research Approach and Methods -- As for the approach to the research and the methods that are used, the literature review will be used to some extent, largely for background and understanding of how entrepreneurs come about and what is generally most important to them. However, the only way to truly understand entrepreneurship and the human resource and organisational behaviour that comes with it is to study entrepreneurs in the real world. This has to be done through the use of interviews, surveys, and questionnaires, which will be utilized extensively. Some of these can be conducted face-to-face or over the phone, but in order to get a larger picture of the issue, surveys or questionnaires will also have to be mailed.

Setting or Context for the Research -- The setting for the research will involve entrepreneurs from both large and small companies, and will involve both companies that are close to home and also that are farther away, in order to get a more comprehensive sample.

Explanation and Justification of Research Methods -- The research will be qualitative, and the use of surveys and questionnaires is vital to this research, since it is necessary to speak to people in the real world in order to get a complete picture of the issue and determine whether the information collected by the researcher matches with what has been seen in past studies.

Accessibility of the Data -- The data in the local community should be relatively easy to obtain, but data from other areas may be more difficult. Many surveys and questionnaires will be sent out, in the hopes of getting a large enough sample size to truly have data to use for the study.

Interpretation and Analysis of the Data - The data that is collected will be compiled based on the answers that were given to yes/no and 'rated' questions (such as questions that ask individuals to rate something on a scale of 1-5, for example). There will also be questions that will allow for longer answers. After the data has been compiled, the researcher will then combine the information into a table that will show the responses and percent of responses. These will be discussed very thoroughly in the chapter on data analysis and then conclusions can be drawn from the information that was collected by the researcher.

Tentative Timeline for Research Completion - It is difficult to create a strong timeline, since the creation of surveys and questionnaires, as well as sending them out and getting them back, may take some time. However, the researcher is proposing the following (very tentative) timeline: October 15th - completion of the expanded first three chapters of the study; October 31st - Completion and mailing of the surveys and questionnaires; November 30th - compilation begins of the surveys and questionnaires that have been returned and the interviews that have been conducted on the phone or in person throughout the month of November; December 31st - completion of the rest of the study (chapters four and five).

Works Cited

Astley, W.G. (1985). The two ecologies: population and community perspectives on organisational evolution. Administrative Science Quarterly, 30(2) 224-241.

Bresnahan, T., Gambardella, A., & Saxenian, A. (2001). 'Old economy' inputs for 'new economy' outcomes: cluster formation in the new Silicon Valleys. Industrial and Corporate Changes, 20(4).

Brockhaus, R.H.S., Ed. (1982). The psychology of the entrepreneur. In: C. Kent, D.L. Sexton and K. Vesper (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall.

Capron, H., & Meeusen, W. (Eds.). (2000). The National Innovation System of Belgium. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag.

Dorfman, N.S. (1983) Route 128: The development of a regional high technology economy. Research Policy, 12(6): 299-316.

Etzkowitz, H. (2003). Research groups as 'quasi-firms'? The invention of the entrepreneurial university. Research Policy, 32(1): 111.

European Commission (1998). Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. Risk capital: a key to job creation in the European Union. Brussels: Commission of the European Communities.

Freeman, J. (1986) Entrepreneurs as organisational products: semiconductor firms and venture capital firms. In G. Libecap (Ed.), Advances in the study of entrepreneurship, innovation, and economic growth. A research annual. Entrepreneurship and innovation: the impact of venture capital on the development of new enterprise. (Vol. 1, pp. 33-52). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Henrekson, M. & Rosenberg, N. (2000). Incentives for academic entrepreneurship and economic performance: Sweden and the United States. Center for Business and Policy Studies, Stockholm.

Woo, C.Y., Willard, G.E, and Daellenbach, U.S. (1992) Spin-off performance: A case of overstated expectations?, Strategic Management Journal, 13: 433-447.

Zahra, S.A., Neubaum, D.O., & Huse, M. (2000). Entrepreneurship in medium-size companies: exploring the effects of ownership and governance systems. Journal…

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