Ethical Aspects In Research Studies The Essential Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 7 Subject: Healthcare Type: Essay Paper: #94884429 Related Topics: Ethical Considerations, Study Guide, Clinical Research, Ethical Issues
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Ethical Aspects in Research Studies

The essential aspects of research are the concern and respect that the researchers offer to the participants. Research is aimed at producing insights that are beneficial to the society. However, the research should be conducted ethically. The ethical concern in research adduces that it should not advance a society at the detriment of others especially the participants in the research. Ethics in research is vital because it guides the working principles of the researcher for the research to conform to the required standards. This is the case especially when research subjects in health or medical research are often human beings. Therefore, it is vital to respect these individuals. The guiding principles in research ethics focus on preserving the rights and dignity of the research participants. In this regard, ethics focus on ensuring consent is obtained, no harm is done, the participant's privacy is respected, and the subjects are not deceived (Corey et al., 1999).

One of the ethical principles includes autonomy. This means that the responsibility on the part of the investigator is to respect each participant as a person capable of making informed choices regarding their participation in the research study. The researcher must ensure that the subject has received complete disclosure of the circumstances of the study, the risks involved, benefits and alternatives available and an opportunity to ask questions regarding the study. The principle is expressed as informed consent to participate in the study. The elements necessary for informed consent include capacity, which is the ability of the subject to decide if they want to participate and information on the study. Another element necessary for consent is voluntariness, which implies that the subject should consent to study with their

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This denotes that the responsibility on the part of the investigator to try to maximize the benefits for the individual participant or society, but reducing the risk of injury to the participant of the research. This implies that a thorough and honest risk or benefit assessment must be conducted. This principle ensures that the study does not harm the subjects. In this regard, all harm including psychological stress, humiliation, and personal embarrassment should be avoided, and the dignity of the subject in the research must always have the central role. The objective of this principle is to decrease the risk of harm as much as possible irrespective of the possible risks that may be present always (Glasziou, Mar, & Salisbury, 2009).

A guideline that is used to measure beneficence is to ask if the risk of harm caused to the subject outweighs the potential good of the students. If the risk outweighs the benefits, then the study cannot be ethical and thus should not be conducted. Another ethical principle relates to privacy, which provides that all subjects in the study be assured of privacy. In essence, this implies that the subjects must keep the information disclosed to them in the study. The researcher must keep the privacy of these subjects private and an assurance that the information in the study cannot be linked to them. These ethical issues in research studies are critical especially in light of the expected health care reforms (Bernadette, & Ellen 2011).

Health care reform is a broad concept that entails creating approaches focused on improving the provision of health care. Health care reforms typically involve the government making policies that aim at improving health care delivery. The policies involved in health care reforms include attempts by such policies to increase the population that can access healthcare insurance programs (Austin, 2007). These policies also enhance the range of healthcare providers to offer more options in healthcare to improve consumer access to health care practitioners and improve the quality of health. Additionally health care reforms accords more health care to citizens as well as reduce the cost of health care. Health care reforms are significant to the nursing practice…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Austin, W. (2007). The Ethics of Everyday Practice: Healthcare Environments as Moral Communities. Advances in Nursing Science, Volume 30 - Issue 1 - p 81-88.

Bernadette M.M. & Ellen F.O. (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing and health care: a guide to best practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Carol J.H. (2013). Professional Issues in Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Corey-L., Patricia M., Anita J., Marlene Z., & Alison M. (1999). Healthcare Reform: Its Effects on Nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration, Volume 29 - Issue 3 - pp 30-37.


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