Fire And Chemical Disasters Case Study

Length: 4 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Energy Type: Case Study Paper: #34533630 Related Topics: Fire Prevention, Fire Safety, Osha, Accident Investigation
Excerpt from Case Study :

¶ … Hazardous Materials Incident

Key Lessons for Preventing Hydraulic Shock and New Cumberland, WV Metal Dust Explosion and Fire are two case studies that will be examined in this report. One examines a metal dust explosion and fire and the other involves a pipe that catastrophically failed thus leading to the release of more than 32,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia. Each also gives formal detailed reports on significant chemical accidents and include key findings, root causes, and safety recommendations. With that said, this essay will summarize the findings of each investigation, and compare and contrast the two incidents with respect to the chemicals involved, underlying hazards, accident causes, and recommendations from the CSB.

Casse study one: The New Cumberland, West Virginia Fire Explosion

This case study examines a metal dust explosion and fire at the AL Solutions facility in New Cumberland, West Virginia. The incident resulted in three employee fatalities and one contractor injury. The explosion and ensuing fire damaged the production building and ultimately caused the shutdown of the plant.

Background

The New Cumberland production facility is a place that was operated all day everyday 7 days a week non-stop. The company had processing equipment for metal milling, blending, pressing, and treatment for water. A normal shift, involved four operators that managed the production building which involved the following: two press operators, one blender operator, and the shift supervisor. Usually, the shift supervisor was in charge of the water treatment and mill. When it was about 12 noon, on the day of the disaster, the day shift operators came back to work...

...

At this time, two operators were operating the three presses making titanium and zirconium compacts, and another operator was at the blender, blending a batch of zirconium. When the clock struck 1:20 P.M., directly before the outburst, an electrical contractor spotted around 6 feet outside a partly open door heard a loud noise that he described to U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) investigators as a "metallic failure & #8230; like something popped & #8230; or fell." (AL Solutions Case Study, 2010)

Casse study Two: Millard Refrigerated Hydraulic Shock Catastrophe

This case study examines the shock disaster that took place at Theodore, Alabama, On August 23, 2010, at the Millard Refrigerated Company. A roof-attached 12-inch suction pipe to disastrously fail leading to the release of over and above 32,000 pounds of ammonia.

Background

In a moment before 9:00 AM on the daybreak of August 23, 2010, the company was in the development of trying to load two global ships that contained frozen chickens when the facility's refrigeration system hit a hydraulic shock incident that caused a catastrophic piping system to completely just shutdown out of nowhere thus releasing some 32,100 pounds of anhydrous ammonia in the air. The bulk of the fumes from ammonia discharged in this incident happened through a compromised share of the system's 12-inch suction pipe positioned on the rooftop. The stemming mist of ammonia gas traveled 0.25 miles to the south across the Theodore Industrial Canal, exposing a Millard employee and offsite contractors working outdoors (Hydraulic Shock Safety Bulletin, 2015). At around the same time, alarms went off all over the place within the plant because of the detection of high concentrations of ammonia in doors by air-monitoring apparatus in the freezers. The ammonia noticed within the facility was the outcome of a second leak that occurred for the reason that a portion of the system's blast freezer evaporator header ruptured (Hydraulic Shock Safety Bulletin, 2015).

Hazards

It is clear that case study one, hazards were because of a lot of dust that that piled up over a long period of time. For example, the case study explored that most solid organic materials (and numerous metals and some nonmetallic inorganic materials) will explode or burn if delicately divided and distributed in adequate dilutions. Even apparently small amounts of collected dust can cause catastrophic injury. Eliminating any one of these basics of the classic fire triangle eradicates the likelihood of a fire. However, it was different in case study two because mixing together chemicals at high speed was dangerous, especially if not monitored properly was the issue. The failure at Millard was likely caused by a…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

AL Solutions Case Study. (2010, December 7). AL Solutions, Inc., New Cumberland, WV Metal Dust Explosion and Fire. U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.

Hydraulic Shock Safety Bulletin. (2015, January 5). Key Lessons for Preventing Hydraulic Shock. U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board.


Cite this Document:

"Fire And Chemical Disasters" (2015, August 17) Retrieved January 27, 2022, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/fire-and-chemical-disasters-2152659

"Fire And Chemical Disasters" 17 August 2015. Web.27 January. 2022. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/fire-and-chemical-disasters-2152659>

"Fire And Chemical Disasters", 17 August 2015, Accessed.27 January. 2022,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/fire-and-chemical-disasters-2152659

Related Documents
Disaster Preparedness Plan-Safety Disasters Included/Excluded
Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Transportation Paper #: 28760951

The Director will be responsible for compiling a monthly and yearly calendar that will detail the continuing education credit offerings, which are approved by the airport for attendance by staff including both optional and required events, and any outside offerings identified by staff will require prior approval for the allowance of credit toward the yearly goal. Pilots are responsible for maintaining certification for pilot's license and utilization of facility

Disaster Specific Plans Emergencies Can Be and
Words: 783 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Business - Management Paper #: 78918250

Disaster Specific Plans Emergencies can be and have always been when we least expect them. This means we need to have plans to respond to them in a manner that will put the larger population out of danger and in the safest position possible. There are a wide variety of disasters like fire, earthquake, flooding, Tsunami, terrorist attack (by explosion or chemical), accidents in large scales like trains or plane, wild

Fire Safety History and Current
Words: 3090 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Urban Studies Paper #: 49129995

A multi-signature early warning fire detection system is being developed to provide reliable warning of actual fire conditions in less time with fewer nuisance alarms than can be achieved with commercially available smoke detection systems." (Rose-Pehrsson, 325) The research conducted on this subject also supports the claim that while there is a value to establishing legal standards requiring the use of smoke detectors in all homes, there is also some

Disaster Planning and Control: Chapters
Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Terrorism Paper #: 9895573

Soft and hard targets and defined and discussed as well as the need for population defense and the idea that with a coordinated, comprehensive response plan and team implementation, the disaster related damage can be minimized. This chapter is devoted to covering the terrorism aspect of disaster, and helps to tie together the previous two chapters. Chapter 12 deals with mass casualties and evacuation. This chapter also ties in closely

Fire Science -- Risk Management
Words: 1618 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Business - Management Paper #: 99419928

According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency United States Fire Administration (1996), "Emergency medical services respond to urgent situations that are related to the health and welfare of the community's citizens. Emergency management services protect the community from the effects of natural disasters. Rescue teams safely remove citizens from dangerous predicaments, avoiding the risk of injury or death that untrained, unprepared citizens might face if they tried to perform

Fire Department Manages Emergencies Like
Words: 4808 Length: 13 Pages Topic: Terrorism Paper #: 10245374

These have all been possible as a result of the rapid intervention procedures in place and the specialized training each firefighter has undergone. Indeed, rapid intervention team operations have become the norm and have proven invaluable in almost all situations the fire service handles. But RIT operations have only been institutionalized in the fire service during the last few decades. As McGrail writes in his book Firefighter Operations in High-Rise